ANALYSIS OF DISCOURSE

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ANALYSIS OF DISCOURSE by Mind Map: ANALYSIS OF DISCOURSE

1. PRAGMATICS

1.1. Extends the analysis of meaning beyond grammar and word meaning to the relationship between the participants and the background knowledge they bring to a situation

1.2. Conversational Maxims: quantity, quality, relation and manner

1.3. politeness

1.3.1. how well you know

1.3.2. status relative

1.3.3. ranking of imposition

2. ETNOGRAPHY OF SPEAKING

2.1. Approach of language analysing designed to increase awareness of culture-bound assumptions

2.2. Highlight features that contrast between cultures.

2.3. Framework for the analysis: genre, topic,purpose, setting, emotional tone, participants, message form, message content, act sequence, rules for interaction, norms for interpretation

2.4. Highlight the role of the researcher as an insider or an outsider of a community

3. INTERACTIONAL SOCIOLINGUISTICS

3.1. Approach that focuses on the clues people use to interpret conversational interaction within its etnographic context

3.2. Contextualisation clues: features through which speakers signal and listeners interpret

3.2.1. Signal contextual presupossitions: Knowledge the speaker assumes the listener has already or information they work out by paying attention to features of the context

3.3. Miscommunication

3.3.1. When expectators are not fulfilled, listeners make inferences about the speaker

3.3.1.1. Schema.- Set of expectations that we bring to an interaction, based on our precious experiences and our cultural norms

4. CONVERSATION ANALYSIS

4.1. Approach that states "talk is action". Communication is an organized activity

4.1.1. You should not begin the analysis with any preconceived ideas about what will be worth examining

4.2. Adjacency Pairs.- Related utterances produced by 2 successive speakers in that the 2nd utterance is a follow-up to the first

4.3. Conversational feedback

4.3.1. Evidences, verbal or non-verbal that one is attending to the speaker

5. CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

5.1. It`s concerned with investigating how language is used to construct and maintain power relationship in society

5.2. It shows connections between language and power  and between language and ideology