IDEA Categories

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IDEA Categories by Mind Map: IDEA Categories

1. Autism

1.1. Difficulty understanding social interactions

1.2. Educational challenges

1.2.1. Trouble following directions

1.2.2. Hampered ability to communicate

1.2.3. Disinterest

1.2.4. Disruptive behavioral problems

1.3. Strategies used

1.3.1. Assistive technology

1.3.2. Give a simple and direct direction

1.3.3. Follow a routine

1.4. Case study

1.4.1. Main teacher meets with a team to discuss how to  minimize the student's anxiety

1.4.2. Student has social, physical, academic and behavioral needs

1.4.3. High anxiety

1.4.4. Student accomodation

1.4.4.1. No pushing

1.4.4.2. Talk to the classroom when he feels comfortable

1.4.4.3. Aid: computer games and math games

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Educational challenges

2.1.1. Understanding classroom lectures

2.1.2. Participating in class discussions

2.1.3. Presenting oral reports

2.1.4. Fulfilling reading assignments

2.2. Strategies adopted

2.2.1. Direct and simple directions

2.2.2. Emphasizing the power of touch

3. Deafness

3.1. No ability to hear intensity (loudness), pitch (frequency) or both

3.2. Educational challenges

3.2.1. Learning by lectures

3.2.2. Note taking

3.2.3. Taking oral exams

3.2.4. Watching educational films

3.2.5. Giving oral presentations

3.3. Strategies adopted

3.3.1. Text-to-speech assistive technology

3.3.2. Assistive listening device

3.4. Case study: Deafness in the classroom

3.4.1. Obstacles: no communication, comprehend speech

3.4.2. Student's accomodations

3.4.2.1. Assisted technology

3.4.2.2. ASL as a first language

3.4.2.3. Uses of auditory-oral , auditory-verbal education

4. Emotional Disturbance

4.1. There are six types of emotional disturbances

4.1.1. Anxiety disorders

4.1.2. Bipolar disorder

4.1.3. Conduct disorders

4.1.4. Eating disorders

4.1.5. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

4.1.6. Psychotic disorders

4.2. Educational challenges

4.2.1. Potential classroom disruptions

4.2.2. Inability to maintain relationships with peers and teachers

4.2.3. Inappropriate behavior or feelings

4.3. Strategies adopted

4.3.1. Postive Behavioral Support (PBS)

4.3.2. Collaboration with behavioral therapist and/or psychotherapist

5. Hearing Impairment

5.1. Not included under the definition of "deafness"

5.2. Educational challenges

5.2.1. All educational obstacles stem around communication

5.2.2. Listening to lectures

5.2.3. Watching educational videos

5.2.4. Presenting oral reports

5.2.5. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary subjects

5.3. Strategies adopted

5.3.1. Early intervention is key

5.3.2. Voice and articulation training

5.3.3. Assistive technology

5.3.4. Lip reading

5.3.5. Sign language

5.3.6. Turning on captions while watching a video

5.4. Case study: Hanna

5.4.1. She is in a regular classroom

5.4.2. Teacher always addresses her face to face communication

5.4.3. Accommodation: reading lips

5.4.4. Group projects as part of her treatment

6. Intellectual Disability

6.1. Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning

6.2. Delay in reaching developmental milestones

6.3. Poor problem-solving skills

6.4. Educational challenges

6.4.1. Trouble understanding new concepts

6.4.2. Inappropriate behavior

6.4.3. Limited vocabulary

6.4.4. Difficulty accomplishing complex tasks

6.5. Strategies adopted

6.5.1. Postive reinforcement

6.5.2. Clear and slow tasks

6.5.3. Repetitive routine

6.5.4. Verbal instruction with visual clues

7. Multiple Disabilities

7.1. Educational challenges

7.1.1. Capability to function in the classroom

7.1.2. Communication skills

7.1.3. Assessing and compensating for visual or hearing impairments

7.2. Strategies adopted

7.2.1. Physical and occupational therapy

7.2.2. Assistive technology

7.2.3. Assigned aid if possible

7.2.4. Sign language, hearing aids

7.2.5. Priority seating

8. Orthopedic Impairment

8.1. Evaluation is required to be classified in this category

8.2. Educational challenges

8.2.1. Non-accessible transportation

8.2.2. Trouble maneuvering around the classroom

8.2.3. Communicating effectively

8.3. Strategies adopted

8.3.1. Classroom arrangments

8.3.2. Communication-based assistive technology

9. Specific Learning Disability

9.1. Includes conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and aphasia

9.2. Educational challenges

9.2.1. Difficulty holding a pencil

9.2.2. Difficulty reading, writing, listening, speaking and reasoning

9.2.3. Trouble understanding lectures

9.2.4. Struggling to write papers and essays

9.3. Strategies adopted

9.3.1. Identify students' weaknesses and strengths

9.3.2. Simple assignments with clear tasks

9.3.3. Provide assistance with homework

10. Speech or Language Impairment

10.1. Affects child's educational performance

10.2. Covers stuttering, articulation, language and voice impairments

10.3. Educational challenges

10.3.1. Communication skills

10.3.2. Be active in the classroom

10.3.3. Understanding curriculum materials

10.4. Strategies adopted

10.4.1. Early intervention

10.4.2. Use a speech-language pathologist

10.4.3. Address the issue of bullying if occurs

10.4.4. Simple tasks and assignments

11. Traumatic Brain Injury

11.1. Includes mental, physical and emotional disabilities

11.2. Educational challenges

11.2.1. Short and long-term memory difficulties

11.2.2. Problems with following directions

11.2.3. Difficulty learning new skills

11.2.4. Problems concentrating

11.3. Strategies adopted

11.3.1. Allow extra time to complete homework and tests

11.3.2. Break down directions to small steps

11.3.3. Teach students to use a day planner to eliminate confusion

12. Visual Impairment (Including Blindness)

12.1. Includes irregular eye movements, unusual habits and sitting abnormally

12.2. Education challenges

12.2.1. Conceptualizing objects

12.2.2. Classroom setup

12.2.3. Operating standard tools

12.2.4. Reading

12.3. Strategies adopted

12.3.1. Early intervention

12.3.2. Add hearing assistive technology

12.3.3. Sensory learning

13. Developmental Delay

13.1. Affects language or speech, movement, social and emotional skills and thinking

13.2. Educational challenges

13.2.1. Participating in classroom discussions

13.2.2. Communicating effectively

13.3. Strategies used

13.3.1. Set expectations

13.3.2. Provide simple and clear tasks

13.3.3. Provide social classroom experience

14. Other Health Impairment

14.1. Includes AD/HD

14.2. Educational challenges

14.2.1. Safety issues in the classroom

14.2.2. Need of immediate medical attention

14.2.3. Repetitive abscence due to sickness

14.3. Strategies used

14.3.1. Make up classes

14.3.2. Educational plan

15. Sources

15.1. http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/categories/

15.2. http://www.parentcenterhub.org/wp-content/uploads/repo_items/gr3.pdf