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2nd language acquisition by Mind Map: 2nd language acquisition
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2nd language acquisition

Input Factor

Frequency

Salience

Complexity

Type of interlocutor

Cognitive Factors

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Processes

imitation

analogy

generalisation

rote memorisation

Cognitive Style

field dependence

category width

cognitive interference

monitoring

Instructional Factors

Goals

Teacher

Method

Text

Duration

Intensity

Personal Factors

Nesting Patterns

Transition Anxiety

Reaction to Teaching Methods

Choice of Learning Strategies

Biological Factors

Lateralisation

Transfer

Infrasystem

Social Factors

Dominance / Nondominance

Subordination

Assimilation

giving up own lifestyle and values and adopting those of TL group, maximises contact

Preservation

maintaining own lifestyle and values and rejecting those of TL group, creates social distance

Adaptation

adapting lifestyle and values of TL group but maitaining own lifestyle for intragroup use, varying degrees of contact with TL group

Enclosure

sharing churches, schools, clubs, recreational facilities, crafts, professions and trades

Cohesiveness

Size

Congruence

similarity between cultures

Attitude

Intended Length of Residence in TL area

Affective Factors

Language Shock

fear of appearing comic

Culture Shock

anxiety resulting from the disorientation encoutered upon entering a new culture

Motivation

integrative motivation, meet with, talk to, find out about and become like speakers of the TL group

instrumental motivation, utilitarian reasons such as getting ahead in the occupation or gaining recognition

Ego-Permeability

Acquisition

definition

gradual development of ability in a language by using it naturally in communicative situations

Learning

definition

conscious process of accumulating knowledge of vocabulary and grammar of a language

Methods

grammar-translation method

communicative approaches

audiolingual method

Communicative Competence

grammatical competence

sociolinguistic competence

strategic competence

Affective Filter

barrier to acquisition that results from negative feelings or experience

Input Hypothesis

input has to be slightly beyond the learner's level

listening = crucial activity

Aptitude Factors

Modern Language Aptitude

IQ

Strephosymbolia

Personality Factors

Tolerance for Ambiguity

Sensivity to Rejection

Introversion / Extroversion

Self-esteem