ENGLISH LEARNING

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
ENGLISH LEARNING by Mind Map: ENGLISH LEARNING

1. WH Questions

1.1. What/ Who/ Where/ How/ Whom/ Which/ How much/ When

2. Present perfect: Used to express actions that happened in the past and continue in the present, in addition to express actions that occurred in the past at a time not specified or that happened recently .                       Ex: She has lived at my house .

3. Irregular verbs / Regular Verbs  (ED)

3.1. IRREGULAR VERBS:      awake/ awoke        become/ became   begin/ began       break/ broken catch/ caught      blow / blew

3.2. REGULAR VERBS: some examples                           Study – studied Carry – carried                                                             Stop – stopped Permit – permitted Occur – occurred

4. an

5. Definite/Indefinite articles

5.1. Is used before vowel sounds. Ex: An apple / An orange.

5.2. the

5.3. Is used before specific situations, particular. Ex He is a president / He is the president of Brazil. (Is unique).

5.4. a

5.5. Is used before consonant sounds. Ex: A bird / A car.

6. Pronouns

6.1. Demostratives

6.1.1. This/These:  Is used for proximity things (THIS= singular THESE= plural  That/Those: Is used for distance things THAT= singular THOSE= plural.

6.2. I am (I'm) / You are (You're) / He is (He's) / She is (She's) / It is (It's) = SINGULAR                   We are (We're) / You are (You're) / They are (They're) = PLURAL

6.3. Personal

7. Cardinal /Ordinal       Numbers

7.1. Days of the week

7.2. Sunday,  Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

7.3. Months of the year

7.4. January February, March, April, May, June, July, August, Sseptember, October, November and December.

8. Prepositions of place

8.1. BY/BESIDE    NEAR/ CLOSE TO    NEXT TO      OVER          UNDER                 ACROSS  BETWEEN       AMONG               OPPOSITE  AROUND/ROUD                         ALONG     IN FRONT OF         BEHIND          FROM/TO     BELOW         ABOVE

9. Vocabulary

9.1. Conversation

9.2. Ex: What do you like to do in your free time?

9.3. Animals / Foods / Professions

9.4. Ex: Bee, whale, rabbit,  eagle,  monkey,  bat. /                 Bread, rice, pasta, cheese, pepper, sugar, fruits. /           Lawyer, artist, banker, fireman, singer, economist, dentist. Etc...

10. Verb Tenses

10.1. Simple Present: Used to express habitual actions , situations and current facts,  in addition to be used to express tastes, desires, feelings and opinions. Ex: They like to eat bread for breakfast.

10.2. Simple Past: Used to express situations that have already occurred and will not occur more , that is, actions that began and ended in the past.                                                              Ex: My brother liked his old job.

10.3. Future: Used to express actions that will happen in the future , as well as actions that are likely to happen in the future.                                                                                                             Ex: My brother will cook for us.

10.4. Present Continuous: Used to express situations that are happening at that time or just happened , and express actions that are experiencing change at the time of speech and situations that repeat and express actions previously planned to take place in the near future.                                          Ex:They are reading a book together .

10.5. Past continuous: Used to express actions that are taking place in a certain period in the past and expresses usual situations that occur in the past.                                                 Ex:I was running last week.

10.6. Future continuous: Used to express actions that take place in a moment of the future already set.                                             Ex: They will be finish it tomorrow .

11. Present Perfect

11.1. Past perfect: Used to express actions that occurred before other actions that also have happened .                   Ex: My mother had read the book we arrived .

11.2. Future perfect (perfect Future) : Used to express actions that are being completed in the future , that is, actions that will be completed in a certain time in the future .                Ex: We will have finished to the our exercises by next month .

12. Modal Verbs

12.1. The function of modal verbs is to change or complement the meaning of the main verb expressing possibility of ideas, obligation , deduction, desire , prohibition, will, capacity , etc. See , then , the modal verbs and what each one basically states:

12.2. Can (capacidade): I can run for a long time.  Could (possibilidade): I could do it, but I don’t want.  Might (probabilidade): You might go with me.  Should (conselho): You should visit your mother.  May (pedido): May I go to the party?  Must (obrigação): He must study English.  Ought to (conselho): You ought to know Rio de Janeiro.  Would (pedido): Would you help me with this? Shall (sugestão): Shall we study?

12.3. Some rules:                                                                                                        No need to use the modal verb with the particle " to" and the main verb is in the infinitive in its basic form , without the "to " . It is wrong to say, for example, "You can now go to " ( You can go now ) , it is okay to say "You can go now ."

12.4. Note: The only modal verb that does not follow this rule is the "ought " to be always followed by "to".                                                                              Ex: " He ought to sell his old car "

12.5. The modals can also be used in the negative , adding the "not " in the sentence construction . And in interrogative sentences , putting  the modal verbs before the subject .                                                                    Ex: You must not (mustn’t) pay the bills for your son.                                     Could you be wrong about this?

13. Vocabulary

13.1. Music

13.1.1. Hello, Listen, Don't Worry, Hymm for the weekend, City of Angels, Light On, Faded.

13.2. Games

13.2.1. Duolingo, Hang man, Phrase making, Falling Clouds, Fast English.

14. Vocabulary

14.1. Clothes /  Footwear / Accessories  shirt, coat, pants, dress / boot sneakers, sandal / earring, necklace/ cap/ braceelet/ etc.

15. Vocabulary

15.1. Text about sports

15.1.1. Squash / Sneaker / Footbal / Hugby

16. Vocabulary

16.1. Travels

16.2. Ex: Where have you traveled?

16.3. Vacations

16.4. What you intend to do on your holiday?

17. Vocabulary

17.1. Parts of the house

17.2. Bedroom/ Dining Room/ Kitchen Bathroom

18. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

19. Extra Activities

19.1. Movies in English

19.1.1. An American in Paris (1951)    Flying Boys (2004) Step Up (2006)                      Tarzan: The Revolution (2013)         Big Hero 6 (2015)

19.2. Series in English

19.2.1. Narcos                          Grey's Anatomy                     Game of Thrones                      Prison Break                            Friends

20. Perfect Continuous

20.1. Present perfect continuous: Used to express emphasizing continuity of actions that began in the past and continue to the present .                                           Ex: They Have Been cooking for us.

20.2. Past perfect continuous: Used to express with emphasis on the duration or repetition of actions in the past that happened before other actions also in the past.                                                                                                 Ex: We had been waiting for two hours .

20.3. Future perfect continuous: Used to indicate continuous actions to be completed before a certain time in the future .                                          Ex: By next month , They Will Have Been working