3E1 Arts and Culture

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3E1 Arts and Culture by Mind Map: 3E1 Arts and Culture

1. Who? (In contact with Arts and Culture)

1.1. General Public

1.2. Youth

1.2.1. Hobby

1.2.2. Education

1.2.2.1. The report also noted the growing interest of youths in pursuing an arts education in Singapore. The number of students enrolled in full-time tertiary arts courses has increased from 1,860 in 2004 to 4,492 last year.

1.3. Working Adults

1.3.1. Artiste

1.3.1.1. Freelance

1.3.1.2. Full-time

1.3.2. Government

1.3.2.1. Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth

1.3.2.1.1. Government funding for arts and culture increased to S$478.9 million last year, up 10 per cent from 2011.

1.3.2.1.2. Acting Minister for Culture, Community and Youth Lawrence Wong said: “MCCY will continue to step up our efforts in engaging our partners, to improve the quality of arts and heritage experience for Singaporeans, and to bring Singaporeans together to build a shared culture.”

2. What? (Activities)

2.1. Performing Arts

2.1.1. Forms of creative activity  that are performed in front of an audience, such as drama, music and dance

2.1.1.1. THEATRE

2.1.1.1.1. Theatre takes such forms as plays, musicals, opera, ballet, illusion, mime, classical Indian dance, kabuki, mummers' plays, improvisational theatre, stand-up comedy, pantomime, and non-conventional or contemporary forms like postmodern theatre, postdramatic theatre, or performance art . It concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience, using a combination of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle.

2.1.1.2. MUSIC

2.1.1.2.1. Music is an art form which combines pitch, rhythm, and dynamic in order to create sound. It can be performed using a variety of instruments and styles and is divided into genres. As an art form, music can occur in live or recorded formats, and can be planned or improvised.

2.1.1.3. DANCE

2.1.1.3.1. Dance is a powerful impulse, but the art of dance is that impulse channeled by skillful performers into something that becomes intensely expressive and that may delight spectators who feel no wish to dance themselves. These two concepts of the art of dance—dance as a powerful impulse and dance as a skillfully choreographed art practiced largely by a professional few—are the two most important connecting ideas running through any consideration of the subject

2.2. Traditional

2.2.1. Traditional arts are artistic activities that are passed down from one generation to the next within families and communities and are regarded y the community as part of their heritage

2.3. Visual Arts

2.3.1. It is a modern but imprecise umbrella term for a broad category of art which includes a number of artistic discipline from various sub-categories

2.3.1.1. Fine Arts

2.3.1.1.1. E.g. Drawing, Painting, Printmaking and Sculptue

2.3.1.2. Contemporary Arts

2.3.1.2.1. It provides an opportunity to reflect on contemporary society and the issues relevant to ourselves and the world among us.

3. How? (What people say about A&C ?)

3.1. Identity

3.1.1. Art and culture’s core practice is one of the most participative, dynamic and social forms of human behaviour. It has the capacity to trigger reflection, generate empathy, create dialogue and foster new ideas and relationships and offers a powerful and democratic way of expressing, sharing and shaping values.  http://valuesandframes.org/the-art-of-life/

3.1.1.1. “We need new ideas, we need new ways of doing things and we need a whole new way of approaching each other with much more empathy and understanding. This means that the rest of society really needs to focus on the world of art and culture as a vital source for not only solutions, but also ways of finding solutions… and a whole knew concept of what a valuable life really means.” – Uffe Elbaek, former Danish Minister of Culture

3.2. Right to expression

3.2.1. All persons enjoy the right to freedom of artistic expression and creativity, which includes the right to freely experience and contribute to artistic expressions and creations, through individual or joint practice, to have access to and enjoy the arts, and to disseminate their expressions and creations.

3.3. Practicality

3.3.1. Career

3.3.1.1. A career in art is not limited to being a painter of canvases which get framed and sold in a gallery. There are graphic artists putting the magazines together, illustrators drawing the cartoons and graphics. Website designers, computer-graphic artists (computers don’t draw the graphics themselves, they’re just a tool, a modern version of a paint brush!), and animators. Film, TV, and stage set building.

4. Where? (Types of movement in different countries)

4.1. Asia

4.1.1. Malaysia

4.1.1.1. Graphic Arts. A small but vibrant group of graphic artists are productive in Malaysia. Practitioners of batik, the art of painting textiles with wax followed by dying to bring out the pattern, still work in northern peninsular Malaysia. Batik-inspired designs are often produced in factories on shirts, sarongs, table cloths, or dresses forming an iconic Malaysian aesthetic. Read more: http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Malaysia.html#ixzz4KFAMQYeX

4.1.2. South Korea

4.1.2.1. Performance Arts. Korean music and dance evolved over three thousand years from the religious ceremonies of shamanism and Buddhism and often were linked to the agricultural cycle. Traditional music has two genres: Chong'ak ("correct music"), a genre of chamber music with a leisurely tempo and a meditative character, and minsok'ak (folk music), characterized by spontaneity and emotionality. P'ansori as a category of folk vocal music is a unique combination of singing and storytelling by a single vocalist with the accompaniment of a changgo (traditional drum). Read more: http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/South-Korea.html#ixzz4KFEAwsCD

4.2. Western countries

4.2.1. France

4.2.1.1. Performance Arts. Theater and dance have a strong tradition in France, both in the classical sense and in the realm of folklife. As in most of France's cultural life, Paris dominates the grand traditions of theater. France's great dramatists include Pierre Corneille, Jean Racine, Molière, Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas pere and fils, Jean Anouilh, and Jean Genet. The Comédie Française in Paris still presents the classic works of Molière and Racine. The city of Toulouse is particularly well-known for its performance arts. French cinema is subsidized more highly by the state than other European movie industries, and the French have access to more nationally-produced films than their neighbors. Many French cities hold movie festivals during the year, the most famous being that in Cannes in early summer. Read more: http://www.everyculture.com/Cr-Ga/France.html#ixzz4KFB7Poq6

4.2.2. Graphic Arts.  Spain's graphic artists are also world renowned and also span centuries—El Greco (Doménikos Theotokópoulos; 1541–1614), Diego de Velázquez (1599–1660), Francisco de Goya (1746–1828), Joaquín Sorolla (1863–1923), Joan Miró (1893–1983), Salvador Dalí (1904–1989), and Pablo Picasso (1881–1973), among many others, can be studied in museums and universities anywhere. Contemporary painters and sculptors have an avid following in Spain and elsewhere. The decorative arts also form a rich part of Spain's national heritage and are well displayed in museums in Spain and elsewhere. Ceramic tile, other ceramic forms, lace work, weavings, embroidery, and other craft art often form the chief adornments in Spanish homes, are part of the traditional trousseau (personal possessions of a bride), and are the treasures passed down the generations.  Read more: http://www.everyculture.com/Sa-Th/Spain.html#ixzz4KFH77H2x