Special Education Categories and Accommodations (Defined by IDEA)

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Special Education Categories and Accommodations (Defined by IDEA) by Mind Map: Special Education Categories and Accommodations (Defined by IDEA)

1. Autism

1.1. A developmental disability affecting verbal and nonverbal communication

1.1.1. Mozart

2. Deafness

2.1. Hearing impairment so severe that a child is unable to process auditory information, leading to adverse affects in educational performance

3. Deaf-Blindness

3.1. Simulataneous auditory and visual impairment.  Causes severe communication, developmental, and educational needs.

3.1.1. Helen Keller Helen Keller

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. A delay in one or more of the following developments: physical, cognitive, communication, social, emotional, adaptive (behavioral).

4.1.1. NOTE:

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. Displaying one or more of the following: The inabilities to build and maintain interpersonal relationships,   The inability to learn, that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors, Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings, or consistent unhappiness or depression, Develops physical symptoms or fears related to personal or school problems.

5.1.1. Schizophrenia

5.1.2. Personal Issues: Megan's Case Study

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Permanent or fluctuating impairment that adversely affects learning.

7. Intellectual Disability (formerly Mental Retardation)

7.1. Significant, subaverage, general intellectual functioning, existing at the same time with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period.

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Having multiple disabilities listed under IDEA, which causes severe learning impairment, and cannot be accommodated solely in a special needs program. NOTE: This does not include Deaf-Blindness

8.1.1. ADHD + a Learning/ Intellectual Disability: Ellie's Case

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects educational performance.  Can be caused by disease, or other causes.

9.1.1. Amputations

9.1.2. Birth defects

9.1.3. Cerebral palsy

9.1.4. ALS Steven Hawking

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Having limited strength, vitality, or unbalanced alertness that adversely affect their educational performance.

10.1.1. ADHD

10.1.2. Epilepsy

10.1.3. Diabetes

10.1.4. Asthma

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using spoken or written language.   NOTE: These are not caused by blindness, deafness, emotional disturbance, intellectual, motor disability, or environmental circumstances

11.1.1. Dyslexia

11.1.2. Dyscalculia:

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. A communication disorder that adversely affects educational performance

12.1.1. Stuttering

12.1.2. Impaired articulation

12.1.3. Language Impairment

13. Visual Impairment

13.1. Impairment in vision, that even when corrected, adversely affects a child's educational performance.

13.1.1. Blindness

13.1.2. Partial blindness

14. Traumatic Brain Injury

14.1. An injury caused by external physical force to the brain, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both. The resulting impairments could be one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.