The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment by Mind Map: The Enlightenment

1. Effects:

1.1. Democracy

1.1.1. People can vote for leaders and representatives based on their needs. The representantes make decisions for them.

1.2. Sepatation of powers

1.2.1. So not one authority has all power. It consists in three branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial

1.3. Rights

1.3.1. It involves the natural rights proposed by Locke and the idea about freedom of speech proposed by Voltaire

2. Causes:

2.1. Scientific Revolution.

2.2. Printing Press: made ideas circulate faster through books, journals, newspapers etc.

2.3. Philosophers stared to write topics that relate to government, politics, and rights

2.4. People believed and wanted economic improvement and political reform and believed both were possible.

2.4.1. Isaac Newton and John Locke’s ideas (Tabula rasa) and Newton’s discoveries in science and such allowed people to question things more.

3. Characters

3.1. Montesquieu: The Spirit of Law (1750) Separation of Church and State, Checks and Balances.

3.2. Voltaire: Candide ( 1759), Freedom of Speech.

3.2.1. Diderot: created a 28 volume encyclopedia.

3.3. Rousseau: The Social Contract ( 1762), General will.

3.4. Locke: Rights of Man, Define Governments purpose.

3.5. Hobbes: Society needed and absolute leader, humans are selfish.

4. Important  Dates

4.1. Thomas Hobbes released the "Leviathan" in 1651.

4.2. John Locke promoted a representative government in his "Two Treatises of Government" in 1690.

4.3. Rousseau wrote "The Social Contract" in 1762.

4.4. Between 1751-1765 Diderot published "The Encyclopedia", considered the most important work of his lifetime.

4.5. The beginning of the french revolution was in 1789.

5. Team Members

5.1. Carolina Gomez A01283726

5.2. Patricia Medina A01283770

5.3. Ana Martha de la Garza A01283932

5.4. Daniela Galvan A01283777

5.5. Ana Sanchez A01280525

6. Random Facts

6.1. A new philosophy was built

6.2. In that period, processes were based more in science than religion.

6.3. The small changes led to the greater ones