Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address

1. Democracy

1.1. Citizens

1.1.1. Values of Citizens have a sense of what is socially just be treated equally have a voice in decision making have rights and freedoms have a sense of responsibility

1.1.2. meets citizenship requirements

1.1.3. acknowledges rights responsibilities

1.2. History

1.2.1. middle of 5th Century BCE

1.2.2. Greece

2. Federal System

2.1. British North America Act

2.1.1. Section 91 federal gov't responsible for national matters has residual powers

2.1.2. Section 92 provincial gov't responsible for provincial issues municipal gov't

2.1.3. 1867

2.2. Levels

2.2.1. one sub-level

2.2.2. inequal in power

2.2.3. have some shared powers immigration resource use

3. Branches of Government

3.1. Executive Branch

3.1.1. has power to administer laws

3.1.2. federal prepare national budget

3.1.3. provincial sets high school diploma requirements

3.1.4. municipal inspect businesses

3.2. Legislative Branch

3.2.1. has power to make and pass laws

3.2.2. federal sets insurance and payment rates

3.2.3. provincial sets tax rate

3.2.4. municipal makes by-laws

3.3. Judicial Branch

3.3.1. has power to decide lawbreakers and punishments

3.3.2. power not held by government

3.3.3. federal and provincial held by judges

3.4. Supported by Canadian citizens

3.5. Roots of Power

3.5.1. BNA Act, 1867

3.5.2. Constitution Act, 1982

3.5.3. Laws and Traditions

4. Positions of Government

4.1. Executive

4.1.1. Federal Queen represented by Governor General Prime Minister Cabinet Public Service

4.1.2. Provincial Queen represented by Lieutenant Governor Premier Cabinet Public Service

4.2. Legislative

4.2.1. Federal Governor General Senate also called Upper House House of Commons also called Lower House

4.2.2. Provincial Lieutenant Governor Legislative Assembly Members of Provincial Parliament (MPP) House of Commons

4.3. Judicial

4.3.1. Appeal Supreme Court of Canada Provincial Supreme Court Court of Appeal

4.3.2. Civil Civil Court Small Claims Court Family Court

4.3.3. Criminal Superior Court Criminal Court

5. Political Spectrum

5.1. Left Wing

5.1.1. liberal

5.1.2. accepts change

5.1.3. ultra left wing is communist

5.2. Center

5.2.1. balance of liberal and conservative

5.2.2. likes change and tradition

5.3. Right Wing

5.3.1. conservative

5.3.2. values tradition

5.3.3. ultra right wing is dictatorship

6. 5 Major Political Parties and areas of concern

6.1. Party

6.1.1. Accommodate Quebec

6.1.2. National healthcare

6.1.3. Defending individual rights

6.2. Party

6.2.1. Accommodate Quebec

6.2.2. Conservative social+economic policies

6.2.3. Use peacekeepers internationally

6.3. Party

6.3.1. Farmers in MB and SK

6.3.2. Urban workers in BC and ON

6.3.3. Support for less fortunate

6.4. Party

6.4.1. Separating Quebec

6.4.2. Independence of French speakers

6.4.3. Represents interests of Quebecers

6.5. Party

6.5.1. Support green economics

6.5.2. Planet is interconnected

6.5.3. Supports progressive social planning

7. Electoral System

7.1. Responsible government

7.2. Representation by population

7.3. Candidates in political parties

7.4. Campaign in certain regions

7.5. Representatives chosen by First Past the Post

7.6. Party with most seats becomes party in charge

7.7. Parliament can be majority, minority or coalition

7.8. Parliament dissolves and electoral system restarts

8. Rights Responsibilities Freedoms

8.1. Rights

8.1.1. allowed to do right to vote right to participate

8.1.2. can be taken away by government

8.2. Responsibilties

8.2.1. should be done voting participating in society

8.2.2. matches out rights

8.3. Freedom

8.3.1. allowed to do freedom of speech freedom to be treated equally

8.3.2. can't be taken away