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CANADIAN GOVERNMENT by Mind Map: CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
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CANADIAN GOVERNMENT

Democracy

Citizens

Values of Citizens, have a sense of what is socially just, be treated equally, have a voice in decision making, have rights and freedoms, have a sense of responsibility

meets citizenship requirements

acknowledges, rights, responsibilities

History

middle of 5th Century BCE

Greece

Federal System

British North America Act

Section 91, federal gov't, responsible for national matters, currency, national defence, has residual powers, control over unknown possibilities, Internet, Cable TV

Section 92, provincial gov't, responsible for provincial issues, education, health care, municipal gov't, created by provincial gov't, responsible for municipal issues, fire protection, garbage collection

1867

Levels

one sub-level

inequal in power

have some shared powers, immigration, resource use

Branches of Government

Executive Branch

has power to administer laws

federal, prepare national budget

provincial, sets high school diploma requirements

municipal, inspect businesses

Legislative Branch

has power to make and pass laws

federal, sets insurance and payment rates

provincial, sets tax rate

municipal, makes by-laws

Judicial Branch

has power to decide lawbreakers and punishments

power not held by government

federal and provincial, held by judges

Supported by Canadian citizens

Roots of Power

BNA Act, 1867

Constitution Act, 1982

Laws and Traditions

Positions of Government

Executive

Federal, Queen, represented by Governor General, Prime Minister, Cabinet, Public Service

Provincial, Queen, represented by Lieutenant Governor, Premier, Cabinet, Public Service

Legislative

Federal, Governor General, Senate, also called Upper House, House of Commons, also called Lower House

Provincial, Lieutenant Governor, Legislative Assembly, Members of Provincial Parliament (MPP), House of Commons, 308 seats

Judicial

Appeal, Supreme Court of Canada, Provincial Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Civil, Civil Court, Small Claims Court, Family Court

Criminal, Superior Court, Criminal Court

Political Spectrum

Left Wing

liberal

accepts change

ultra left wing is communist

Center

balance of liberal and conservative

likes change and tradition

Right Wing

conservative

values tradition

ultra right wing is dictatorship

5 Major Political Parties and areas of concern

Party

Accommodate Quebec

National healthcare

Defending individual rights

Party

Accommodate Quebec

Conservative social+economic policies

Use peacekeepers internationally

Party

Farmers in MB and SK

Urban workers in BC and ON

Support for less fortunate

Party

Separating Quebec

Independence of French speakers

Represents interests of Quebecers

Party

Support green economics

Planet is interconnected

Supports progressive social planning

Electoral System

Responsible government

Representation by population

Candidates in political parties

Campaign in certain regions

Representatives chosen by First Past the Post

Party with most seats becomes party in charge

Parliament can be majority, minority or coalition

Parliament dissolves and electoral system restarts

Rights Responsibilities Freedoms

Rights

allowed to do, right to vote, right to participate

can be taken away by government

Responsibilties

should be done, voting, participating in society

matches out rights

Freedom

allowed to do, freedom of speech, freedom to be treated equally

can't be taken away