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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories
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Learning Theories

Behaviourism

Black box—observable behaviour main focus

Nature of reward, punishment, stimuli

Memory is the hardwiring of repeated experiences

Transfer through

Stimulus, response

Task-based learning

Constructivism

Social, meaning created by each learner (personal)

Influencing factors

Engagement, participation, social, cultural

Transfer occurs through Socialisation

Memory: Prior knowledge remixed to current context

Social, vague (“ill defined”)

Cognitivism

Structured, computational

Existing schema, previous experiences

Encoding, storage, retrieval

Duplicating knowledge constructs of “knower”

Reasoning, clear objectives, problem solving

Connectivism

Learning occurs

Distributed within a network

social

technologically enhanced

through recognizing and interpreting patterns

Influencing factors

Diversity of network

strength of ties

context of occurrence

Memory

Adaptive patterns

representative of current state

existing in networks

Transfer through

Connecting to (adding) nodes and growing the network

Complex learning, rapid changing core, diverse knowledge sources