Hypertension

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Hypertension by Mind Map: Hypertension

1. Life Style Interventions (Prevention)

1.1. Maintaining a normal weight

1.2. Exercising Regularly

1.3. Limiting Alcohol consumption to no more than one or two drinks per day.

1.4. Quit smoking (if you smoke)

1.5. Reducing sodium (salt) intake.

1.6. Increasing potassium intake.

2. Treatment

2.1. Treatments consist of self care and diuretics.

2.2. Physical exercise, stress management, home blood pressure monitors, Low sodium diets.

2.3. Primary Care provider, Cardiologist, Nephrologist.

3. Normal

3.1. <120/80 mmhg

3.2. Systolic = Below 120 mmhg

3.3. Diastolic = Below 80 mmhg

4. STRESS

5. High blood pressure is elevated pressure of blood in the arteries.

6. Abnormally high blood pressure.

7. Lifestyle changes are most IMPORTANT

8. Drugs

8.1. Thiazide diuretics (water pills) Act on kidneys to help your body eliminate sodium and water reducing blood volume.

8.2. Beta Blockers: Open your blood vessels.

8.3. Calcium channel blockers: Help relax the muscles of your blood vessels

8.4. Renin Inhibitors: Slows down the production of renin.

9. Arteries!

10. Self Care

11. Specialists

12. Medications

13. DIET!

14. Risk Factors

14.1. Age

14.2. Family history of hypertension

14.3. Ethnicity

14.4. Being overweight or obese

14.5. Not being physically active

14.6. Using tabacco

14.7. Too little vitamin D in your diet.

14.8. Stress

14.9. Certain chronic conditions.

15. Results from two major factors: -The heart pumps blood with excessive force. -The bodies smaller blood vessles (known as arterioles) narrow, so that blood flow exerts more pressure against the vessel walls.