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Motivation by Mind Map: Motivation

1. Theory X & Theory Y

1.1. Theroy X: Dislike work

1.2. Theory Y: Like Work

2. Motivator - Hygiene Theory - Frederick Herzberg

2.1. Hygiene Factors

2.1.1. Dissatisfaction

2.1.2. No Dissatisfaction

2.1.3. Content Theories Needs-based theories of Motivation ERG Theory - Clayton Alderfer Needs Hierarchy Theory - Abraham Maslow Four Drive Theory - Innate Human Drives Learned Needs Theory - McClelland

2.1.4. Challenges of Motivating Employees Changing workforce Revised employment relationship Flatter Organisations

2.2. Motivators

2.2.1. Satisfaction

2.2.2. No Satisfaction

3. Employee Engagement

4. Motivation Process

5. Process Theories

5.1. Expectancy Theory of Motivation

5.1.1. Expectancy Theory Model Effort Performance

5.1.2. Goal Setting and feedback Characteristics of Effective Goals Relevant Commitment Feedback Participation Challenging Specific Characteristics of effective feedback Specific Timely Relevant Credible Sufficiently frequent Credible Multisource (360-degree) Feedback Limitations employees tend to select easy goals can't apply goal setting to every job

5.2. Organisational Justice

5.2.1. Equity Theory Overreward Inequity Outcomes/Inputs > Outcomes/Inputs Underreward Inequity Outcomes/Inputs < Outcomes/Inputs Equity Outcomes/Inputs = Outcomes/Inputs Correcting Inequity Feelings Underpaid Overrewarded Equity sensitivity Equity Sensitives Benevolents Entitleds

5.2.2. Procedural Justice

5.2.3. Distributive Justice

5.2.4. Equity Principle

5.2.5. Structural Rules

5.2.6. Social Rules