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How effectively did Hitler establish and consolidate Nazi authority 1933 and 1945 and to what extent did Nazis transform society. by Mind Map: How effectively did Hitler establish and
consolidate Nazi authority 1933 and 1945
and to what extent did Nazis transform
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How effectively did Hitler establish and consolidate Nazi authority 1933 and 1945 and to what extent did Nazis transform society.

Films - The Reich Chamber was established and everyone in the film industry had to join. There were few political film, but the Weekly Review contained political information and had to be included in all film programmes.


Cheap radios - Goebbels created the Reich Radio company. AS only 25% of Germans owned radios, the government produced cheap sets. By 1939 70% of the population had radios. There was no escaping the Nazi message as loudspeakers were installed in factories, cafes and offices.

Political posters

Nurmeburg rallies






The military

After the Night of the long knives and the removal of the SA the army swore an oath of allegiance and personal loyalty to Hitler.

Reichstag Fire

27 February 1933; The parliament building in Berlin was burnt down and the Communists were blamed and banned. This was used to justify measures against Communists and allowed Hitler for a decree for the protection of the people and the state - which were emergency powers. This meant that Political and civil liberties were suspended and many anti - Nazis arrested; this for a short period of time gave Hitler ultimate power.


The enabling act

Nuremburg Laws

banning marriage

taking citizenship away from jews


Making other parties illegal

Night of the Long Knives

HItler had to deal with opposition withing his own party. SA chief Ernst Rohm wanted to merge the army and the SA. Army chiefs refused due to the SA's indiscipline. Hitler chose to execute Rohm and the SA leaders in June 1934.

It removed the SA and won the support of the conservative right. The army took an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler.

The SS which had been a wing of the SA emerged as an independent organisation.

Hitler secured his dictatorship; he had been allowed to get away with the legal murder of his opponents.



Hitler Jugend, Emphasis was made on the role of a soldier.


The Bund Deutsche Madchen, Girls were taught the role of a wife and a mother through domestic activities.

Membership grew from 1 per cent of children in 1933 to 60 per cent in 1936 and became compulsory in 1939. The Nazis also dissolved all other youth groups, except the Catholic Youth movements.

Opposition in the Youth came form such groups such as the Edelweiss Pirates ,, the swing groups and the white rose group

The white rose group had minimal impact.

Some of the youth groups did attack military targets and assassinate Gestapo officers but the latter action was limited and ultimately they were caught and put on trial and sentenced to death.

Nazis wanted to use education to consolidate the Nazi system and indoctrinate the youth with Nazi ideals. In order to achieve their aims teachers had to reinforce Nazi beliefs and values.

Schools were thus centralized under the Reich ministry of education, culture and Science.

Unreliable were removed from the teaching profession

Courses were organised for Non Nazi teachers

Headteachers had to be members of the Nazi Party

A national socialist teachers' lounge was established.

The curriculum was changed. More time was given to PE as strength and fitness were essential for producing soldiers. There was an increased emphasis on German and History as these emphasized nationalism and heroism. Biology reinforced Nazi racial genetics and the population policy. Meanwhile religious studies was dropped as Christianity was seen as unimportant. The Nazis also created elite school to product the Nazi elite:, The Napolas - state boarding schools run by the SS, Adolf Hitler schools run by the Hitler Youth, Ordensburgen - a type of school designed to produce the elite for Hitler's future society.


Jewish Musicians

Jazz music


Fear and Terror

The SS

the elite bodyguard for Hitler in 1925, the SS became a state withing a state responsible only to Hitler. It came to dominate the Police state.

In 1929 Himmler became it's head and in 1931 created the SD - the secret intelligence wing of the SS. In 1934 he took control of police including the Gestapo in Prussia.

In 1935 it became an elite force only Aryans could join.

They were responsible for security, ideology and race, the economy, a variety of military issues and the creation of the "New Order".

Concentration Camps

The first concentration camp was Dachau

In the beginning concentration camps were called "work camps" were political prisoners would be sent and subject to torture, hard labour and re education of Nazi ideas; when Hitler took control there were only 3,000 inmates suggestion the campaign to silence opponents had been successful as there were so few. The concentration camps were not aimed for mass genocide, however many people died due to the harsh conditions.

In 1936 camps focused on asocials, criminals and homosexuals

It has been a common belief that about six million Jews died in these camps, intentionally killed in accordance with a grand program for the physical extermination of the entire Jewish population of Europe.

The Gestapo

The state secret police.

Their role was to find opponents of the Nazis and arrest them. People arrested could be sent to concentration camps without trial.

The Gestapo was a small organisation however they fear and terror they created made others think that they were everywhere due to the amount of informers that they controlled. There were only about 20,000 - 40,000 agents of the gestapo and about 2 million block wardens in Germany.

Coordination (Gleichaltung)

The Gleichaltung was the Nazification of society, ensuring cooperation with the regime.

The idea was to merge German society with Nazi party institutions and associations with the aim of allowing Nazis to conrol cultural, social and educational activity. however the first concern was political.

In some areas the Nazis did have control, however they did not control the church, army or big businesses and had only partial control of civil service and education.


The ideal women was blonde, athletic and fit with big hips so she could bear children, She was expected to not smoke, avoid the use of make up, wear clothes with full skirts and flat shoes and be a good cook and be able to use leftovers to make a one dish meal at least once a month.

In Junes 1933 women were offered interest free loans of 600 Reichmarks to marry and give up work.

Women were excluded from politics

In 1934 the proportion of girls allowed to enter higher education was limited and this was extended in 1937. Grammar school education was abolished and they were banned from learning Latin, a requirement for University.

Lebensborn was introduced in 1935 to improve racial standards. Under this policy unmarried mothers of good racial background were cared for and Aryan girls were impregnated by members of the SS. Around 11,000 children were born under this policy.

The churches

Christianity's teachings directly contradicted the Nazi philosophy of violence, strength, and superiority to other races.

Christianity was a major problem for the Nazis

The protestant church, Many Christians in the protestant Church supported the Nazis because they agreed over family values., Hitler wanted to recognize the Protestant Church as one united Reich Church o make it easier to control, but these plans were resisted. The Nazis appointed Otto Muller; a fanatical Nazi as a Reich Bishop., In 1934 two bishops were arrested for opposing the Reich Church. Pastors then set up the Confessional church which was independent of the state, Pastor Niemoller led it; he had the support of 7000 of 17,000 pastors.

The catholic church was concerned to preserve their independence so they signed the Concordat in July 1933. This guaranteed religious freedom as the Church could run itself appoint clergy. Parents could request faith schools for their children. The Nazis also agreed not to interfere with the legal and property rights of the Church. In return the Church agreed to keep out politics.

Jesus was Jewish rather than Aryan , and this went against Volkisch beliefs. This was a problem as most germans were strong and religious germans.

The Nazi part had limited success in coordination the Churches as only 5 per cent of Germans joined the German faith movement.