Introduction to computers

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Introduction to computers by Mind Map: Introduction  to computers

1. Objectives Overview

1.1. -Explain why computer literacy is vital to success in today’s world

1.2. -Define the term computer, and describe the between data and information.

1.3. Describe the five components of a computer.

1.4. -Discuss the advantages that users experience when working with computer.

1.5. -Define the term network, and identify benefits of sharing resources on a network.

1.6. -Discuss the uses of the internet and world wide web.

1.7. Distinguish between system software and application software.

1.8. Differentiate among types, sizes, and function of computer in the each category.

2. What is a Computer?

2.1. - A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in it’s own memory.

3. A world of computer

3.1. -Computers are everywhere.

4. Advantages and disadvantages of Using Computers

4.1. -Advantages of Using Computers

4.1.1. • Spee

4.1.2. • Reliability

4.1.3. • Consistency

4.1.4. • Storage

4.1.5. • Communications

4.2. -Disadvantages of Using Computers

4.2.1. • Health Risks

4.2.2. • Violation of Privacy

4.2.3. • Public Safety

4.2.4. • Impact on Labor force

4.2.5. • Impact on Environment

5. The Components of a Computer

5.1. Input Device

5.1.1. • Allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer.

5.2. Output Device

5.2.1. • Hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.

5.3. System Unit

5.3.1. • Case that contain the electronic component of the computer that are used to process data.

5.4. Storage Device

5.4.1. • Holds data, Instructions, and formation for future use.

5.5. Communications Device

5.5.1. • Enables a computer to send and receive data instruction to and from one or more computer or mobile devices.

6. Networks and the Internet

6.1. - A network is a collection of computers and device connected together, often wirelessly , via communications device and transmission media.

6.2. - The internet is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational instructions, and individuals.

6.3. -People use the Internet for a variety of reasons

6.3.1. Communicate

6.3.2. Research and Access Information

6.3.3. Shop

6.3.4. Bank and Invest

6.3.5. Online Trading

6.3.6. Entertainment

6.3.7. Download Music

6.3.8. Share Videos

6.3.9. Web Application

7. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computer

7.1. - Green computing involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer.

7.2. - Strategies Include

7.2.1. • Recycling

7.2.2. • Regulating manufacturing processes

7.2.3. • Extending the life of computers

7.2.4. • Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced computers

8. Computer Software

8.1. - Software, also called a program, tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them.

8.2. - Installing is the process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware.

9. Personal Computers

9.1. - A personal computer can perform all of It’s input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself.

9.2. - Two popular architectures are the PC and the Apple.

9.2.1. • Desktop computer

10. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

10.1. - Notebook computer

10.2. - Tablet PC

10.3. - Smart phone

10.4. - PDA

10.5. - Handheld computer

10.6. - Portable media player

10.7. - Digital camera

11. Game Consoles

11.1. - A game console is a mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games

12. Supercomputers

12.1. - A supercomputer is the fastest, most powerful computer

13. Elements of an Information System

13.1. - Hardware

13.2. - Software

13.3. - Data

13.4. - People

13.5. - Procedures

14. Computer Applications in Society

14.1. - Education

14.2. - Finance

14.3. - Government

14.4. - Health Care

14.5. - Science

14.6. - Publishing

14.7. - Travel

14.8. - Manufacturing

15. Summary

15.1. - Basic computer concepts

15.2. - Components of a computer

15.3. - Networks, the internet and computer software

15.4. - Many different categories of computers, computer users, and computer applications in society