Parliament Fire of 1916

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Parliament Fire of 1916 by Mind Map: Parliament Fire of 1916

1. Aftermath

1.1. Re-construction

1.1.1. Architects

1.1.1.1. John Pearson & J. Omer Marchand

1.1.2. Used Nepean Limestone like in the original structure

1.2. 1952 fire in library

1.2.1. Was unable to be saved a second time

1.3. Nature Museum as temporary parliament during re-construction

1.4. Royal Commission Report

1.4.1. Witness statements

1.4.2. Causes of the fire

1.4.2.1. Arson/ accident?

1.4.2.2. New evidence in Ottawa Citizen points towards faulty wiring

1.4.2.2.1. Cold-case review by Canadian Association of Fire Investigators

1.4.2.2.2. Brian Mulligan - consultant

1.4.3. Suggests new fire safety measures

1.5. New Centre Block opened Feb. 26th, 1920

2. Before the fire

2.1. Original architecture

2.1.1. Lack of fire safety precautions taken

2.1.2. Made of Nepean Limestone

3. The fire itself

3.1. February 3rd, 1916

3.2. 7 people perished in the fire

3.3. Library saved by closing of iron doors (Connie MacCormac)

3.4. Started in reading room and spread quickly

3.4.1. Conditions were at their worst, wooden pannelling, varnished floors, etc.

3.5. Victoria Bell Tower was also destroyed by the fire

3.5.1. The bell from this tower is now on display in the Parliament grounds

3.5.2. Was replaced by the Peace Tower, which was completed in 1927

3.6. Only affected the Centre Block

3.6.1. Google map shows which parts of Parliament were affected/ gives some basic details about the incident

3.7. Photos from National Archives