Professional Ethics

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Professional Ethics by Mind Map: Professional Ethics

1. Judges

1.1. Qualification of Judges in Islam

1.1.1. 1.Being a conscientious person who is self-determined to serve justice (The Quran, 4:58)

1.1.2. Knowledgeable and Skilled

1.2. Ethics of Judges

1.2.1. To judge with justice

1.2.1.1. To do one's best to reach a just decision

1.2.1.2. To base the decision on the evidence available

1.2.1.3. self satisfaction that this is the right dicision

1.2.2. To administrate justice without fear and favor

1.2.3. Patient and lenient

1.2.3.1. The Prophet said, " No one should judge between to persons when he is angry".

1.3. Dalil about Judges

1.3.1. The Prophet said, "There are three classes of judges, one of whom will be in the Garden and the other two in the Fire. The one who will be in the Garden is a man who knew the truth and judged accordingly. The one who knew the truth but misjudged and the other one who judged for the people in ignorance will be in the Fire.

2. Public Prosecutor

2.1. Who is public prosecutor?

2.1.1. Is a government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state.

2.2. A public prosecutor has:-

2.2.1. To balance between protecting the right of the society and the right of the accused

2.2.2. To punish people according to the offence committed

2.2.3. To avoid selective prosecution motivated by personal/political affairs

2.2.4. To avoid fabricating evidence or accusations

2.2.5. To avoid bribes

3. Lawyer

3.1. Duty of a Lawyer

3.1.1. Lawyer's duty toward justice and society

3.1.1.1. To secure justice between people

3.1.1.1.1. Not to engage himself in tactics

3.1.1.1.2. Not to hide the truth

3.1.1.1.3. Not to fabricate evidence

3.1.1.1.4. Not to cross-examine an adverse witness

3.1.1.1.5. Not to invoke the rules of evidence

3.1.2. Duties toward clients

3.1.2.1. To fulfill contract and promises

3.1.2.2. To be honest and sincere in defending them

3.1.2.3. No right to drop/waive any right of his client without permission

3.2. Ethics of Lawyer

3.2.1. Judge between people by means of that which Allah has taught you

3.2.2. Do not advocate on behalf of those who betray their trust

3.2.3. Do not plead on behalf of those who deceive themselves

3.2.4. No to hide the crime

4. Business Ethics

4.1. A Muslim has to avoid

4.1.1. Sale of Al-Gharar (Uncertainty, Risks, Speculation)

4.1.2. Hoarding

4.1.3. Exploitation of one's Ignorance of Market Conditions

4.1.4. Al-Najash (Trickery)