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1. Best Treatment = PREVENTION Early detection = also key!

2. Treatment

2.1. Alcohol

2.1.1. Treatment programs (AA) Inpatient rehabilitation Meds & counselling

2.2. Tobacco

2.2.1. Treatment Programs Counselling Meds/products (OTC or prescription)

2.3. Drugs

2.3.1. Meds Self-help groups peer counselling

2.4. CVD

2.4.1. Angiogram coronary bypass surgery

2.5. Cancer

2.5.1. Chemo radiation surgery

2.6. Environment

2.6.1. Become better educated Share what learned Join, support, or volunteer your time Contact your elected representatives & communicate your concerns

2.7. STIs

2.7.1. -antiviral drugs (HIV) -antibiotics (C, G, PID)

2.8. Infection

2.8.1. Bacteria = antibiotics

2.8.2. Virus = antiviral drugs

3. Side Effects

3.1. Alcohol

3.1.1. SHORT-TERM: Impaired Motor Control, Drinking & driving, lightheadedness, Impaired Judgement

3.1.2. LONG-TERM: Cancer, Brain Damage, Morality


3.1.4. ALCOHOLISM WITHDRAWAL: Confusion, Seizures, DTS, Paranoia

3.2. Tobacco

3.2.1. SHORT-TERM: Constricts Blood vessels, Increases BP & HR, Alters mood

3.2.2. LONG-TERM: CVD, Cancer, Stroke, Respiratory Damage

3.2.3. ETS: coughs, headaches, nasal discomfort, eye irritation

3.3. Drugs

3.3.1. Opioids decreased pain & anxiety, euphoria, drowsiness, confusion LONG-TERM: respiratory depression, coma, death

3.3.2. CNS depressants decreased pain & anxiety, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, slurred speech LONG-TERM: respiratory depression, coma, death

3.3.3. CNS Stimulants Anxiety, HR, BP, Metabolism, insomnia, energy, alterness HIGH-DOSE: arrhythmia, sudden death, HA/Stroke

3.3.4. Marijuana & other Cannabis Anxiety, increased HR, Euphoria, Confusion LONG-TERM: Respiratory damage, cancer

3.3.5. Hallucinogens Increased HR & BP, altered states of perception or feeling, delirium HIGH-DOSE: flashbacks, synaesthesia

3.3.6. Inhalants (laughing gas) slurred speech, loss of consciousness, muscle weakness LONG-TERM: H failure, death

3.4. Infection

3.4.1. fever, weakness, fatigue

4. Prevention

4.1. Immune System

4.1.1. Avoid Tobacco Balanced Diet Regular PA Wash Hands Vaccinated Enough Sleep

4.2. Cancer

4.2.1. Avoid Tobacco, Balanced Diet, Regular PA, Regular Check-ups

4.3. Cardiovasular Health

4.3.1. Avoid Tobacco, Balanced Diet, Regular PA

4.4. Sexuality

4.4.1. -Open+honest communication -Using contraception -Safer sex -Sober sex CONTRACEPTIONS: -ORAL(effective,not interfering w/ spontaneity,BUT side effects&no STI protection) -RING(effective,not interfering w/ spontaneity,BUT side effects&no STI protection) -IUD(more effective, not interfering w/ spontaneity,reduce endometrial cancer risk,BUT heavy flow,spotting)

4.5. STIs

4.5.1. Get Vaccinated Syringe exchange programs Abstaince Contraception sober sex Education Male condom PROS: STI prevention Male condom CONS: diminish sensation Female condom PROS: STI prevention Female condom CONS: interferes w/ spontaneity

4.6. Alcohol

4.6.1. -Drink slowly/moderatly - Space your drinks -Eat b4 & while drinking - Know your limits -CAGE test Canada's Low-Risk Guidelines: 1)Short-term= 2F & 3M 2)Long-term= 3F & 4M 3)DelayDrinking until late teens

4.7. Drugs

4.7.1. Education peer pressure resistance building self esteem

4.8. Tobacco

4.8.1. Education, peer pressure resistance, building self-esteem

4.9. Environmental

4.9.1. Population growth Air quality Water quality Solid waste Chemical Pollution Radiation Noise pollution

5. APA Guidelines (Tobacco, Alcohol, & Drugs)

5.1. Cravings

5.2. Developing Tolerance

5.3. Experiencing Withdrawal

5.4. Taking larger amounts over time

5.5. Unsuccessful efforts to cut down or regulate

5.6. Using Repeatedly, resulting in failure to fulfill Obligations

5.7. Mild-->2-3 Moderate-->4-5 Severe-->6+ (symptoms within 1yr)

6. Causes/Risks

6.1. Alcohol/Drugs/Tobcco

6.1.1. Biological Factors: Genetics (not drugs tho)

6.1.2. Psychological Factors: mental illness, need for excitement or stimulation, difficulty controlling impulses, coping strategy

6.1.3. Social Factors: family use, peer use

6.2. STIs

6.2.1. sexually pregnancy injection (blood contact) close contact

6.3. CVD

6.3.1. Tobacco, High BP, High Cholesterol, Inactivity/Obesity

6.4. Cancer

6.4.1. Tobacco Age Hereditary Inactivity/Obesity

6.5. Infections

6.5.1. Drug resistance, Mass food Production&Distribution, Poverty, Travel

7. Detection/Diagnoisis

7.1. Cancer

7.1.1. Self-examination(7CAUTION signs) Regular Checkups Imaging Techniques(MRI,CT,Ultrasound) Biopsy WARNING SIGNS: Change in bowel/bladder movements A sore that doesn't heal Unusual bleeding or discharge Thickening or lump somewhere

7.2. STIs

7.2.1. Self-examination Regular Check-ups

7.3. CVD

7.3.1. Stress Test ECG imaging techniques murmur

7.4. Alcohol/Drugs/Tobacco

7.4.1. APA guidlines