COMMON ANCESTOR

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
COMMON ANCESTOR by Mind Map: COMMON ANCESTOR

1. Eukaryotes

2. Prokaryote:

3. Eubacteria

3.1. Prokaryotic

3.2. Unicellular

3.3. Reproduce asexually by binary fission

3.4. Peptidoglycan in Membrane

3.5. Autotrophic or Heterotrophic (Both)

3.6. Some Motile

4. Archaebacteria

4.1. Prokaryotic

4.2. Unicellular

4.3. Reproduce asexually by binary fission or through conjugation or fragmentation

4.4. Autotrophic or Heterotrophic (Both)

4.5. Ability to live in harsh climates

4.6. Nonmotile

5. Coccus

6. Bacillus

7. Spirillum

8. Species: Hay Bacillus

9. Species: Spirillum Winogradskyl

10. Species: Diplococci

11. Animals

11.1. Eukaryotic

11.2. Multicellular

11.3. Reproduce sexually

11.4. Heterotrophic

11.5. Motile

11.6. Over 1 million species

12. Plants

12.1. Multicellular

12.2. Reproduce asexually and sexually

12.3. Autotrophic

12.4. Nonmotile

13. Fungi

13.1. Eukaryotic

13.2. Mostly Multicellular

13.3. Reproduce asexually or sexually

13.4. Heterotrophic

13.5. Most Motile

14. Protists

14.1. Eukaryotic

14.2. Most unicellular

14.3. Reproduce asexually and sexually

14.4. Autotrophic or Heterotrophic (Both)

14.5. Motile or Nonmotile

14.6. Anything that does not belong to the plants, bacteria, fungi or animal

15. Halophiles

16. Methanogens

17. Extreme Thermophiles

18. Methanosarcina Barkeri

19. Thermus Aquaticus

20. Dunaliella Salina

21. Algae

21.1. Plant-like protists

21.2. Classified by colour

21.3. Cell walls make cellulose

22. Protorea

22.1. Animal-like protists

22.2. Heterotrophic

22.3. Feed by ingesting food classified by how they move

23. Fungi-like

23.1. Heterotrophic

23.2. Cell walls made of cellulose

24. Water Moulds

24.1. Feed by secreting enzymes

24.2. Irish Potato Famine

25. Slime Moulds

25.1. Single cells join to form a moving blob

26. Species: Oomycete

27. Species: Mycetozoa

28. Green Algae

28.1. 'Pond Scum'

28.2. In fur of tree slots

29. Brown Algae

29.1. Underwater forests of kelp

30. Diatoms

30.1. Silica in cell walls

30.2. Used for tooth-paste

31. Dinoflaggelles

31.1. Red Tide

31.2. Releases poison that kills fish

32. Sarcodines

32.1. Amoeba

32.2. Amoeboid movement

32.3. Parasitic ones cause amoeba dysentry

33. Flagellates

33.1. Whip-like tail

33.2. Rotary movement

34. Sporozoans

34.1. Produce Spores

34.2. Parasite causes maralia

34.3. Move by cilia, flagella, pseudopods or some have no movement

35. Cilliates

35.1. Cillia

35.2. Tiny wave like hairs

36. Zygomycota

36.1. Reproduce asexually or sexually, in a process called conjugation

36.2. Fusion of hyphae leads directly to formation of zygote, which meiosis occurs before germinates

37. Basidiomycota

37.1. Takes place in the fruiting body, in basidia

37.2. Sexually by producing asexual spores or by fragmentation of mycelium

38. Ascomycota

38.1. Reproduce asexually through budding

38.2. 'Spore shooters'

38.3. Ascospores are formed inside a sac called an ancus

39. Imperfect Fungi

39.1. Do not possess the sexual structures that are used to classify other fungi

39.2. Strictly asexual

40. Mushrooms

41. Yeasts

42. Bread Molds

43. Penicillin

44. Bryophytes

44.1. Waxy cuticle helped to protect the plants tissue from drying out

44.2. Gametangia provided further protection against drying out for gametes

45. Seedless Vascular

45.1. Require water for sperm motility

45.2. Found in moist areas

46. Gymnosperms

46.1. Seeds (2n)

46.2. Cells undergo meiosis in order to produce gametes

46.3. Vascularized tissues and upright growth forms to survive in habitats

46.4. First plants to colonize land

47. Angiosperms

47.1. Majority of time spent as sporophyte

47.2. Largely dominate ecosystems

48. Potato

49. Conifers

50. Ferns

51. Java Moss

52. Phylum Poriferans

53. Phylum Cnidarians

54. Phylum Platyhelminthes

55. Phylum Nematodes

56. Phylum Annelids

57. Phylum Mollusks

58. Phylum Echinoderms

59. Phylum Arthropods

60. Phylum Chordates

61. Sponge

61.1. Filtering bacteria and other contaminants from water

61.2. Contain Specialized cells

61.3. Play a part in the coral reef life cycle

62. Jellyfish

62.1. Maintain balance in the ecosystem of the ocean

62.2. 2 Germ Layers

63. Arthropods

64. Class: Hexapods

64.1. Insects

65. Class: Chilopoda

65.1. Centipede

66. Class: Crustaceans

66.1. Crabs

67. Arachnida

67.1. Spiders

68. Merostoma

68.1. Horseshoe Crabs

69. Vertebrates

70. Class Agnatha

70.1. Jawless fishes

70.2. Aquatic animals

70.3. Fins to help them swim

70.4. Fish that arose later, had jaws which help them

71. Class Chondrichthyes

71.1. Cartilaginous fishes

71.2. Endoskeleton provides support in and space for muscle movements

71.3. They're moved about

71.4. Aquatic animals

71.5. Fins to help them swim

72. Class Osteichthyes

72.1. Bony fishes

72.2. Some have lob fins, which they could use as primitive legs

72.3. Aquatic animals

72.4. Fins to help them swim

73. Class Amphibia

73.1. Frogs

73.2. Live both on land and water

73.3. Evolved from fish (modified fins)

73.4. The back of their legs are stronger, which helps them move on land

74. Class Reptilia

74.1. Lizards

74.2. Use the environment to actively regulate their body temperature

74.3. Are only active certain times through the day

75. Class Aves

75.1. Birds

75.2. Have light bodies in order for them to fly easier

75.3. Skin, Lungs and kidneys of birds reduce water loss

75.4. Terrestrial Animals

76. Class Mammalia

76.1. Humans

76.2. Adaptation known as endothermy

76.3. Mammals begin to diversify and became dominant species on terrestrial land

77. Mammals

78. Monotremes

78.1. Females lay eggs instead of giving live birth

78.2. Embryo begins its development before the egg is laid

79. Marsupials

79.1. Reproductive tract is doubled

79.2. 2 uteri and 2 vaginas

79.3. Pouch in which to carry their young

80. Placental

80.1. Mother's uterus through a specialized embryonic organ attached to the uterus wall (the placenta)

80.2. Placenta of marsupials is very short-lived and don't make as much of a contribution as placental mammals do

81. Artiodactyla

81.1. Odd number of toes

81.2. Sheep

82. Primate

82.1. Opposable thumbs

82.2. Large brains

82.3. Social Groups

82.4. Apes

83. Rodentia

83.1. Gnawing mammals

83.2. Rodents

83.3. Rats

84. Earthworms

84.1. Body separated into segments

84.2. Simple brain and nerve cord

84.3. Form soil

85. Amphibians

85.1. Were dominant land animals on earth

85.2. Newborns hatchlings live underwater and breathe via gills, however they disappear later on and have the ability to live on land

86. Insects

86.1. Most diverse group of living

86.2. First animals to evolve flight 400 million years ago

86.3. Tough exoskeleton

87. Shellfish

87.1. Soft bodies

87.2. Invertebrate

87.3. Have shelfs in order to protect delicate bodies

88. Starfish

88.1. Spiny skeleton

88.2. Release sperm and eggs into the water

88.3. Evolved quickly

88.4. Water vascular system

89. Roundworms

89.1. Evolved from the earlier flatworms

89.2. They use to live in the ocean

89.3. 3 germ layers

90. Flatworms

90.1. Soft bodies which do not preserve well as fossils

90.2. Body shaped roughly like a bag

90.3. Gastrovascular cavity with pharynx

91. Has peptidoglycan in membrane

92. Lacks peptidoglycan in membrane

93. No specialized tissue

94. Autophos

95. Most complex species