Enlightened Despots

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Enlightened Despots by Mind Map: Enlightened Despots

1. 18th century monarchs

1.1. used absolute power to reform their countries

1.1.1. reformed laws

1.1.2. reformed education

1.1.3. reformed social and economic conditions

1.2. they wanted to improve their states

1.2.1. limited church power

1.2.2. constructed schools and hospitals

1.2.3. developed a centralized bureacracy

2. Advised by philosophers during time called "Age of Reason"

2.1. Locke

2.2. Hobbes

2.3. Rousseau

2.4. Montesuieu

3. Frederick II of Prussia

3.1. 1712-1786

3.2. Abolished torture

3.3. Promotes industry and agriculture

4. Maria Theresa of Austria

4.1. 1717-1780

4.2. Protected the rights of her people

4.3. set up schools

4.4. created a tariff

5. Josef II of Austria

5.1. 1741-1790

5.2. Succeeded mother, Maria Theresa

5.3. taxes made equal for peasants and nobles

5.4. freedom of press

6. Catherine of Russia

6.1. Catherine the Great

6.1.1. Reoragnized local government

6.1.2. decreased punishments

6.2. 1729-1796