Exploring Education

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Exploring Education by Mind Map: Exploring Education

1. 6. Schools as Organizations

1.1. U.S Senator- Richard Shelby

1.2. U.S Senator- Luther Strange

1.3. U.S Represenative - Robert Aderholt

1.4. State Superintendent - Micheal Sentance

1.5. Representatives on the state school board

1.6. President Governor Robert Bentley

1.7. Secretary and Executive Officer Micheal Sentance

1.8. President Protem - Mary Scott Hunter

1.9. Vice President - Yvette Richardson Ed.D.

1.10. Members of the State School Board

1.11. Jackie Zeigler

1.12. Betty Peters

1.13. Stephanie Bell

1.14. Ella B Bell

1.15. Cynthia Sanders McCarly Ph.D.

1.16. Jeffery Newman

1.17. Local Superintendent - Dekalb County Alabama - Jason Barnett

1.18. Local School Board

1.19. Jeff Williams - Chairman

1.20. Randy peppers - Vice Chairman

1.21. Matt Sharp

1.22. Mark Richards

1.23. Robert Elliot

2. Philosophy of Education

2.1. Pragmatism

2.2. Role of the teacher- Will be different for each teacher as they share there experiences and incorporate the students experiences.

2.3. Key Researchers- Include Maxine Greene , John Dewey, George Sanders Pierce, William James, Francis Bacon, John Locke,

2.4. Goal of Education- the pragmatists view school as a laboratory for preparing students for life lessons.

2.5. Generic notions-Instrumentalism and experimentalism. Schools were influenced by the theory of evolution they were more than just learning from books, but also experiencing life lessons.

2.6. Curriculum- Curriculum is based on literature, Arts, personal interaction, and problem solving.

2.6.1. Method of Instruction- Some teachers use a pragmatic method of instruction, which involves project based learning with real life situations.

3. Politics of Education

3.1. Education for Women and African Americans " After Nat Turners revolt in 1831 southerners believed more than ever that literacy bred both insubordination and revolution'., This revolt was important because it would ensure that blacks would get an education.

3.2. The equality of opportunity- The G.I. Bill ensured that servicemen returning from war could gain an education, and potentially better employment.

4. History of U.S. Education

4.1. Functionalism- Everything in society is interdependent, agreement is the normal state, an society , and conflict is a breaking of our shared values.

4.2. Conflict Theory - Believe that the social order is based on dominant groups imposing their beliefs on non dominant groups. They believe the glue of society is based on power ( Economic, Political, Cultural, and Military).

4.3. Interactiionalism- The relationship between school and society. Interactionlism is focused on interactions between individuals or small groups. Microcosm).

4.4. Five effects of schooling on individuals

4.5. Employment- Research has found that those who graduate from high school, and especially from college are more likely to have more job opportunities than those who do not.

4.6. Education and Mobility- Education is the best way of social mobility.If you are willing to put forth the effort of studying and going to school you can go up in the social class.

4.7. Teacher Behavior-Teachers spend a lot of time with their students. Teacher behavior is instrumental in a students growth, socialization , and education.

4.8. Education and Inequality- Social class differences are not just about money. If you come from a low socio- economic status your chances of reaching a high economic status are low if you students family has a poor backgound they have less resources.

4.9. Tracking- The placement of a student into a path based on the students abiilitie's and intrest's. It has been found that tracking decisions are often based on class or race. High tracks spend more time on actual teaching, and learning and have better teachers, better facilities, and access to better extra curricular's

5. Sociological Perspectives

5.1. Political-The political purposes is to prepare citizens in our political system, and to assimilate other culture groups to teach patriotism, and the basic laws of society.

5.2. Social- To teach the various roles, behaviors, and values of our society.

5.3. Economic- To prepare students for later occupational roles.

5.4. The role of the school differs depending on which perspective you use.

5.5. Five effects of schooling on individuals

5.6. Employment-Many students who graduate from high school and especially have found that is it much easier to land a good paying job.

5.7. Educational and Mobility- Social and economic mobility are a driving force behind education.

5.8. Education and Inequality- Schools must be a safe haven regardless of race, sex, religion and especially needs.

5.9. Inadequate Schools-

5.10. Teacher Behavior

6. 2. Sociology In Education

6.1. Method of Instruction -Students come up with the questions they wish to learn, and teachers facilitate the learning of those answers through books and experiments.

6.1.1. Intellectual- To teach basic skills, transmit specific knowledge, and acquire higher order thinking skills. The role of the school- Differs on which perspectives are the Conservative, Liberal, and Radical. The Conservative views that education is the means to get to economic stability.

7. 7. Curriculum and pedagogy

7.1. Humanist is the curriculum I am all for since it involves things like history, language arts, mathematics and science weather or not the student plans to go to college. I believe every student should have to know this before they graduate high school so that even if they decide not to go to college, they will still have the same education as their classmates.

7.1.1. Multicultural Education- consist of content integration, knowledge construction, prejudice reduction, equity pedagogy and empowering school culture. The Sociology of the Curriculum- The goal is to give students knowledge and help them to understand the value of social stability.

8. 8. Equality of opportunity

8.1. Class- each child according to weather the family is high, low or middle class will do differently in school. Social class effects their schooling and can determine graduation rate.

8.1.1. Race- Statistically race plays a part in graduation rates. It has been proven according to the text that a smaller portion of students that are white drop out than the students who are black and Hispanic. Gender - According to the text students who are female are less likely to dropout of school than male students are female students are also typically proven to be better students. The trend is now changing more women are now attending institutions then man are. The institution the women attend have been proven to be less academically and socially prestigious than the one which men attend. The first to the response of the Coleman Case of 1982 The first finding was that no matter where an student went to school it would have very little cognitive growth on a student.

9. 9 Cultural Deprivation

9.1. Two ways to see Cultural Deprivation.

9.1.1. According to the text immigrants do not have the same cultural information as middle class. Another perspective according to the text is that middle class culture values the idea of hard work and initiative so that they can gain better jobs and be much more successful.

9.2. Four school centered explanations for Educational Inequality

9.2.1. School Financing- Kozol found that wealthier cities put more money into their schools than poor towns do for their school. Effective School Research- One set of research states that schools can effect students outcome greatly, however the other idea states that it is from their home life. I believe that students are effected more by their teacher than their parents mainly since students in most cases the students will spend as much time with their teacher as they will with their parents over the course of the school year. Gender and Schooling- I am for schools to be more competitive driven than to be empathy related. I feel schools needs to be challenged I also feel students need to be challenged as well among each other in order to have a brighter future.

10. 10. Educational Reform

10.1. Teacher Quality- The quality of the instructor dictates the quality of the instruction.

10.1.1. Teacher Quality- Teachers should be highly qualified in order to be able to teach. It has been found that teacher attrition and misconception is known to take place in areas with high poverty rates. Full Service an Community Schools- These types of schools also act as a community center to not only serve the students, but to serve the community as well. They serve the community through things such as adult education, drug and alcohol services educational, physical and psychological needs. School Finance Reforms- It was determined in nineteen ninety that more funding was necessary to help the children in poorer school districts gain a better education.