Even under roman control the Jewish peoples believed the Messiah would come and free them.
Around 6 - 4 B.C a Jew named Jesus was born in Bethelehem, Judea.
At 30 years of age Jesus began his teachings of monotheism, the 10 comandments, and Gods eternal kingdom.
The main source of information about Jesus is written in the Bible by his apostles.
People were touched by his message especially the poor.
around 29 A.D Jesus was accused of defying Romes authority and was sentenced to death, via crucification.
After his death, Jesus was placed in a tomb and 3 days later his body was gone, leading to the popular belief that he was the messiah.
At first and enemy of christianity, the apostle paul spead Jesus' teachings and had enormous influence on christianity's development.
Pax Romana made it easy for Christanity to spread
In 66 A.D a band of Jews rebelled against Rome, 4 years later the Romans stormed Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple Complex.
After another rebellion in 132 A.D, a half a million Jews died and then the surivors dispersed from their homeland.
Christians refused to worship Roman gods, thus opposing the Roman Empire
Pax Romana crumbled and christians began to be exiled, imprisoned, and crucified.
Some people regarded the people who died as martyers.
embraced all people, men and women.
gave hope to the powerless.
Offered a personal relationship with a loving God.
Promised eternal life after death.
Christians gave their religion a structure.
Locally there was a preist to lead the people., Bishops supervised local churches
The apostle Peter travled to Rome from Jerusalem to become the first pope, Peter was the bishop of Rome, aka the Pope of father of the Christian church.
In A.D 312 The Roman emperor becomes a christian and a year later announces an end to christian persuciation.
Because of disagreements about beliefs the church compiled and offiacl standard of belief in the New testament.
several early writers/scolars became the fathers of the church, most important was Augustine who wrote The City of God.