Why does Child Labour exist? Research Notes

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Why does Child Labour exist? Research Notes by Mind Map: Why does Child Labour exist? Research Notes

1. When do Families resort to Child labour?

1.1. Families in poverty are more-likely going to use their child for labour

1.2. Families are in need of income so they trade off their child

1.3. Families used Child labour to prevent them from losing money. This might connect to why children in poverty are more likely to work

2. Where do kids usually work?

2.1. Children worked mostly in agriculture and mines and factories

3. Who were the people who helped decrease child labour?

3.1. Organisations like UNICEF, ILO and Others are all trying to decrease the amount of child labour usage.

4. How were people able to decrease Child labour?

4.1. The factory act of 1888 (Created by the British Government) says that kids below the age of 9 can't work. The hours of work decreased for young ages

4.2. ILO held a convention showing the cons of child labour in 1999. After this, products made labels saying that they were not made by kids

4.3. ILO also held established the Elimination of child labour in 1992

4.4. In the 20th century ILO(International Labour Organization) said that 13 year olds can perform easy tasks. In less developed countries, the age was 12

4.5. In 1916, United states banned buying products made by children

4.6. ILO also said that the minimum age for work was 15. In less developed countries, the age was 14

4.7. In 1936 the minimum age of work was 14, for Dangerous work, the minimum age was 18.

4.8. Many Attempts were made to control the use of child labour.

5. Why was child labour created?

5.1. People thought that since children are tiny, they would be able to fit in spaces that an adult can't.

5.2. Employers choose children over adults because children are much easier to control and their payment is lower

6. Where does/did Child labour take place?

6.1. Child Labour was used the United States and Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution

6.2. In 2000 it was guessed that 200 million kids from 5 to 14 were working, most working full time and that half of those kids were in Africa.

6.3. Child labour takes place mostly in Africa, but some other places where it is less frequent are Some parts of South America, Mexico, India and Mongolia

7. Extra Facts (Organise these Later)

7.1. Around 1810, Middle school kids were working 50-70 hour weeks

7.2. When the Great Depression arrived, Adults wanted more jobs to them rather than children.

7.3. Children were working in Terrible conditions, and get payed very little

7.4. In the 19th century 2 million Children were working, half of those kids were working in dangerous places

7.5. In the 19th century, children the age of 4 and above were working

8. Citations

8.1. Britannica. "Child Labour." Britannica School, school.ebonline.com/levels/middle/article/child-labor/273637. Accessed 3 Mar. 2017.

8.2. HISTORY. "Child Labor - Facts & Summary." HISTORY.com, www.history.com/topics/child-labor. Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

8.3. Amack, Chelsea. "Child Labor." Kaw Valley Online | USD 321, 2005, www.kawvalley.k12.ks.us/schools/rjh/marneyg/05_history-projects/05_amack_childlabor.htm. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

8.4. ---. "Child Labour Level 3 Middle School." Britannica School, 9 Dec. 2016, school.ebonline.com/levels/middle/article/child-labour/24058. Accessed 4 Mar. 2017.

8.5. Fred, Milton. "A History of Child Labor | Scholastic." Scholastic Publishes Literacy Resources and Children's Books for Kids of All Ages, Scholastic, 26 June 2014, www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/history-child-labor/. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017.

8.6. UNICEF. "UNICEF - Progress for Children 2007 - Child Labour." Home | UNICEF, 2006, www.unicef.org/progressforchildren/2007n6/index_41846.htm. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

8.7. WorldVision. "A Child in the Coffee Forests." nochildforsale.ca/casestudy/a-child-in-the-coffee-forests/. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017.

9. What did people think?

9.1. Charles Dickens wrote a book showing how cruel child labour is (The book is called Oliver Twist).

9.2. Teachers, Churches and labour groups were shocked because they thought it was o cruel

10. Stories

10.1. Bithi

10.2. Iqbal