Josette Holyoak-Browsers 2011

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Josette Holyoak-Browsers 2011 by Mind Map: Josette Holyoak-Browsers 2011

1. Opera 11

1.1. Pros:

1.1.1. Opera supports many forms of customization through third-party add-ons, including plug-ins, skins, panels, as well as separate applications called widgets. Opera now finally supports extensions as well. Hundreds of extensions are available, including automatic ad blockers and extensions for popular password managers such as LastPass and RoboForm.

1.1.2. Despite the extra included features, Opera is as fast and uncluttered as Chrome. I prefer Opera’s interface to the other browsers as it uses panels and a well designed menu to hide a tremendous amount of power and flexibility, giving me one or two click access to pretty much everything I need. On top of all this, Opera has historically experienced fewer security issues than other browsers.

1.2. Cons:

1.2.1. So if Opera is such a great browser, why is it in third place, why am I not using it, and why don’t more people use it? Like Chrome, Opera is very fast when starting, but quickly overloads my 1GB of RAM and then gets progressively slower. For my Windows XP system, this slowdown happens sooner than with any other browser. I did not experience these memory issues with Opera 10. Some web sites don’t work flawlessly, as many developers don’t test their sites with Opera. Various Google web apps seem to be especially problematic. Examples include incorrect line heights for Google Reader’s article list mode, not automatically placing a curser in Gmail’s “Compose Mail” window, and not immediately changing a date range in Google Analytics (to make it work after the attempted date range change, you have to click to a new report then back to the current report). I have not experienced these types of issues on Chrome or Firefox. Most people have simply never heard of Opera.

1.2.2. The last reason should not stop you from checking out this browser. Opera is a terrific browser that can work well for a wide variety of people—so long as their system has more than 1GB of RAM and they don’t use a lot of Google Apps. If Opera worked as smoothly as Chrome with Google Apps and my 1GB RAM system, it would be my primary browser and rated #1 for 2011.

2. Google Chrome 9

2.1. Pros:

2.1.1. Some types of Firefox extensions will never be possible on Chrome due to a purposeful tradeoff that sacrifices flexibility and potential capabilities in order to keep Chrome fast, reliable, and uncluttered. Chrome continues to enhance stability and security with additional sandboxing techniques.

2.1.2. Despite these issues, Chrome is a great browser. For both power users and regular users with 2GB or more of RAM (and who are not afraid of Google data tracking), Chrome edges out very tough competition for my “best browser 2011” award. Chrome simply does a better job than other browsers of getting out of the way while you work.

2.2. Cons:

2.2.1. Starting with Chrome 10, Flash may be able to crash a single tab, but presumably nothing more than that. Thanks to sandboxing and other techniques, Chrome 10 is the most secure browser after a fresh installation, though IE9 is stronger in certain aspects of security

2.2.2. And though my testing suggests Chrome 10 is slightly more memory efficient than prior versions, Chrome is still a memory hog. You’ll need 1GB RAM for 5-10 tabs, and 2GB RAM if you routinely keep more than 10 tabs open—otherwise you’ll need to close and reopen Chrome every few hours (see here for more elegant workarounds).

3. Apple Safari 5

3.1. Pros:

3.1.1. On the topic of distraction, Safari lacks distraction-blocking full screen mode. However, a click of its built-in “reader” button transforms cluttered web pages into an easy-to-read format (similar to arc90′s “readability” bookmarklet). Safari’s smaller feature set and limited flexibility also help reduce distraction and interface clutter. Safari is therefore ideal for people who spend just a few hours a week using the Internet. Such people typically have no interest in ever more powerful features or customizing the browser.

3.1.2. . Apple has not discussed future specific plans, other than to announce WebKit2 development. This implies that the next version of Safari will be faster, especially on multi-core hardware. Simpler versions of Safari are available for the Apple’s iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch devices. These versions do not support Adobe Flash, but are otherwise very easy to use and well suited to these devices.

3.2. Cons:

3.2.1. Safari lacks many features users have come to take for granted with other browsers. Missing features include full screen mode, automatically reopening all tabs from last session (must be done manually from the History menu), and pinned tabs, to name just a few. Safari also has had many security issues over the years. While Safari 5 has many improvements over prior versions, hackers still find it easy to exploit Safari vulnerabilities to take over a computer.

3.2.2. The pretty interface blends in well with the overall look and feel of a Mac and Safari is easy to use. Although Safari is not quite as fast as the latest versions of the other 4 browsers, users with fast connections will rarely be distracted by slow-loading sites.

4. Mozilla Firefox 4

4.1. Pros:

4.1.1. The “awesome bar” feature Firefox introduced last year is worth highlighting. It combines the search and address boxes together along with your bookmarks and browsing history in a way which magically does a great job of figuring out what you want to do next. Most other browsers now have this feature, but it seems to work much better in Firefox. For those who desire or need the highest level of security, nothing beats Firefox used in conjunction with various security add-ons, such as NoScript and HTTPS Everywhere.

4.1.2. A great thing about Firefox is that it doesn’t even matter what the exact feature list is. If there’s anything you don’t like or don’t yet have—you can probably change it or find it among Firefox’s vast library of add-ons. The richness and diversity of these add-ons makes Firefox the most powerful and flexible browser, though some learning is required to take advantage of all this power

4.2. Cons:

4.2.1. Firefox is not as speedy as Chrome or Opera when you first start it and open your first few tabs. But try using Chrome or Opera for a few hours and your 1GB system will slow down so much that you’ll want to close then reopen your browser.

4.2.2. In general, just Google “Firefox add-on” and a few extra words to describe the feature you’d like to change or add, and you should find what you want pretty quickly. All this tinkering is fine for users willing to make the effort to customize. However, the majority of users just want to work without distraction, not tinker with settings. If you’re such a user, and you don’t like the Firefox interface, I’d recommend Chrome or Opera, or if your needs are very simple, Safari. Conversely, if you want as much control as possible over your browser, you want Firefox.

5. Explorer9

5.1. Pros:

5.1.1. this is a good thing, as most computer users use the browser that comes bundled with their new computer and Internet Explorer is the only permitted browser at many workplaces. Window users who choose a different primary browser will still need to use some version of Internet Explorer for IE-only sites such as Windows updates.

5.1.2. Perhaps most importantly, the interface now uses very little vertical screen space. IE9 may be the best browser for small screen devices such as netbooks, as user can set tabs to be on the same line as the address bar.

5.2. Cons:

5.2.1. Many popular features of other browsers such as combining the search and URL bars and an improved download manager have been incorporated

5.2.2. The problem is likely due to web sites that have created many hacks and workarounds to work with prior, non-standards-compliant versions of IE. These sites didn’t anticipate the possibility that Microsoft would one day ship a standards compliant browser. While putting IE9 into compatibility mode will usually solve this issue for a specific site, many users won’t know to do this. While I expect these issues to be fixed over the coming months, it’s yet another distraction users can avoid by using a different browser.

6. A browser, or web browser, is a software application used to view web pages, which consist of text, HTML markup, images, and multimedia content (sound and video). The most widely used browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari and Google Chrome.

7. Sources

7.1. minimum 5 sources, only most recent versions as shown:

7.1.1. Shorten your URLs at the following link:

7.1.2. http://bit.ly/

7.2. http://bit.ly/fBeyRN

7.3. http://bit.ly/e3W2KS

7.4. http://bit.ly/b9GMOx

7.5. http://bit.ly/eKXILL

8. The HTML layout engines in modern web browsers perform DOCTYPE "sniffing" or "switching", wherein the DOCTYPE in a document served as text/html determines a layout mode, such as "quirks mode" or "standards mode". The text/html serialization of HTML5, which is not SGML-based, uses the DOCTYPE only for mode selection. Since web browsers are implemented with special-purpose HTML parsers, rather than general-purpose DTD-based parsers, they don't use DTDs and will never access them even if a URL is provided. The DOCTYPE is retained in HTML5 as a "mostly useless, but required" header only to trigger "standards mode" in common browsers.[1]

9. Marketshare

9.1. Microsoft Internet Explorer - 55.92%

9.2. FireFox-21.80%

9.3. Chrome-11.57%

9.4. Safari-6.61%

9.5. Opera-2.15%

10. To Flash or Not to Flash

10.1. New n system has processing power to spare to handle simple things like full screen video and simple games. It is an over-clocked Core i7 running at 2.9Ghz with 8GB of RAM and a Radeon HD5750. But to be honest any modern system can handle this sort of work. A Pentium 4 system from a few years ago is plenty for video playback and some multi-tasking.ode

10.2. Most end users do not care about Flash or Java or Objective-C, all they will notice is when their Phone seems slow, and when it dies after a few hours of use

10.3. can not un-install Flash from my system without crippling a lot of my internet experience. I recently installed a Flash blocker plug-in for Chrome and it really is amazing to me that nearly every site I visit has several flash elements on the page. For simple things like file up-loaders, animations but mostly Ads.