Ritualism In Asia

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Ritualism In Asia by Mind Map: Ritualism In Asia

1. Explanation

2. Traditional Form: Nat Pwe

3. Traditional Form: Teyyam

4. Traditional Form: Beopgochum (dharma Drum Dance)

5. Contemporary Form: Modern Baris (warrior dance)

6. Explanation

7. Characteristics

8. Movement

9. Music

10. Costume

11. Characteristics

12. Music

13. Costumes

14. Movement

15. Characteristics

16. Music

17. Costume

18. Movement

19. Explanation

20. Characteristics

21. Music

22. Costume

23. Movement

24. Origin: Korea

25. Links and references

26. https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=dEgkCwAAQBAJ&pg=PT41&lpg=PT41&dq=Beopgochum&source=bl&ots=GHf8j6NKva&sig=ovJD-VyltlnZz-bSjSVmlw_P-w0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjLro-j99jSAhVFM48KHTbYCA8Q6AEIKTAD#v=onepage&q=Beopgochum&f=false

27. https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=6xOGBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA161&lpg=PA161&dq=Beopgochum+dance+ritual&source=bl&ots=0NSU-YrCIC&sig=uv80aNabjxPzufYnks_7D17VY6s&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwikxOa8_djSAhWMPI8KHWnqB-kQ6AEIOzAG#v=onepage&q=Beopgochum%20dance%20ritual&f=false

28. https://www.gugak.go.kr/site/inc/file/fileDownload?dirname=/sites/gugak/files/site/20150122&filename=Chapter%203.The%20Concept%20of%20Korean%20Folk%20Dance1.pdf&type=E&boardid=1170

29. 'Beopgo' translate to mean 'a drum that disseminates Buddha's teaching

30. Deep beats of the drum is the main source of music http://www.flickriver.com/photos/perarne/3523409541/

31. Often the drum is accompanied by beompae (Buddhist chanting) with no fixed rhythm

32. dharma drum dance

33. The ritual dance has 2 elements

34. 1st element: beopgochum is a series of movements before the drum is played

35. 2nd element: Hongochum refers to the dance that accompanies the drum and the chanting

36. No fixed set of movement to the dance

37. Dancer move spontaneously to the shift of music and tone

38. Complicated rhythmic drum patterns

39. Purpose of the dance is to use the drum to awaken people to Buddha's teachings and release them from their suffering

40. As the dance is viewed as offering one's body, costume is simple monastic clothings

41. Buddhist kāṣāya https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-sR0StHaT4p8/V610qACqG-I/AAAAAAAAALo/eWEWYZmgib4wXv4k_J8hsGWa7BFixnOrgCLcB/s1600/1.jpg

42. http://www.chinabuddhismencyclopedia.com/en/index.php/Korean_Buddhism_and_Art

43. example of movement of beopgochum in contemporary form

44. Origin: Kerala, Southwest India

45. Explanation

46. Links and references

47. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2011/09/11/travel/theyyam-trance-dances-in-the-indian-countryside/#.WMq11G-GOUk

48. http://www.keralapicnicspot.com/theyyam/kandanar-kelan-theyyam?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=social&utm_content=wallpost&utm_campaign=smo

49. http://www.keralapicnicspot.com/theyyam?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=social&utm_content=wallpost&utm_campaign=smo

50. trance ritual which man takes the role of Gods and perform the dance and give blessings to Devotees.

51. trance element has been assimilated into theatrical forms

52. settings

53. performed in places where there's presence of Gods (Temples and Ancestoral home)

54. no stages or curtain

55. performed infornt of the idols of Gods

56. Fire has an important role in the performance

57. people can watch and at the end get blessings from (dancing Gods) Theyyams.

58. can include fire dance

59. dress of Theyyam is known as ‘Theyyakolam’. beautiful and brightly coloured

60. headgear and other ornamental decorations are spectacular in sheer size and appearance. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/fe/8c/e6/fe8ce695afb9b4d303e5e6b37cce81aa.jpg

61. makeups and facial drawings are very beautiful and complicated and are done by trained artists. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/46/4a/2e/464a2e0cc03a768ea552d1f783e9a27b.jpg

62. Mostly the Theyyams are brightly red in coloured and the dressings including coconut leaf and flowers. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/86/2c/8b/862c8b9d88fc29d9ad64aacb245a8655.jpg

63. traditional music instruments of Kerala are used

64. Chenda (a wooden cylindrical drum) https://layaloka.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/chenda.jpg

65. Chengila (an Indian gong) http://asiantheatre.wikispaces.com/file/view/Chengila-Percussion.jpg/91281911/Chengila-Percussion.jpg

66. Elathalam (metallic musical instrument which resembles a miniature pair of cymbals) https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7151/6817746481_f6d9aa2dd5_b.jpg

67. Karum Kuzhal (a double reed wind instrument) https://virali.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/u-k-kunjirama-paniker-theyyam-and-kurunkuzhal-artiste.jpg

68. holy men throwing glittering dust, chanting and thrusting talismans about

69. dancer comes in front of the shrine and gradually “metamorphoses” into the particular deity of the shrine.

70. has different steps known as Kalaasams. Each Kalaasam is repeated systematically from the first to the eighth step of footwork.

71. http://www.xip.fi/atd/introduction/1-rituals.html

72. Origin: Myanmar

73. animistic, spirit ritual

74. Links and references

75. http://www.xip.fi/atd/myanmar/nat-pwe-spirit-rituals.html

76. Spirits are called nat in Myanmar

77. small, traditional percussion orchestra

78. dynamic music

79. 'pwe' means play or performance

80. Fruits, food, cigarettes, rum, and beer are offered to the nat statues https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/93/Offerings_of_alcohol_to_Burmese_nat.jpg

81. One or more nat priests with their assistants arrive on the scene, dancing in a relaxed manner and partaking of the offerings.

82. The principal priest performing the actual ritual wears a simple garment, such as a shawl, or a headgear, indicating which nat he or she will be in contact with during the ritual. http://l7.alamy.com/zooms/e09b5af01f2748e3b5526ed25cdfb258/myanmar-burma-bagan-nat-pwe-a-ceremony-to-thank-the-spirits-for-a-ctwb2p.jpg

83. The priest dances ecstatically, repeating simple steps and moving arms and hands in a manner typical of Burmese dance.

84. dancing skill is of only secondary importance.

85. procedures during ritual

86. The priest sings while dancing and recites scenes from the life of the nat being portrayed.

87. At the climax of the ritual, the priest falls into a trance and “becomes” the nat in question.

88. priest announces prophecies to the assistants, who interpret them to the audience.

89. http://www.gomyanmartours.com/nat-pwe-performance-nat-dance/

90. http://dev.myanmarbravo.com/facts-and-factors/culture-and-tradition/Nat-Pwe

91. Gongs, drums, and xylophones

92. sometimes whirling half-consciously on the ground while in trance

93. Links and references

94. Origin: Bali

95. http://www.xip.fi/atd/indonesia/ritual-and-trance-performance.html

96. http://tribalitour.blogspot.sg/2013/01/modern-baris-dance.html

97. virtuoso solo in which the dancer portrays the emotions of a warrior departing for the battlefield.

98. gamelan gong orchestra https://www.nch.ie/ArticleMedia/Images/branding/NationalConcertHall/NEW%20-%20Education/NO-FEE-6-NCH-Gamelan-Presentation.jpg

99. modern, completely secular variant of the sacred war dance Baris Gede

100. combination of the traditional baris and various elements of Balinese classical male dance.

101. Fast, jerking movements,

102. used to convey the warrior’s rapidly changing moods, ranging from courage to fear and from doubt to determination.

103. expressive eye movements http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1212/786233417_4ad2e0a30e_o.jpg

104. tensed arm gestures

105. often based on stories from the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics

106. distinctive costume based on that of Baris Gede, with its shimmering pointed helmet. https://simomot.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/melasti-makassar-290314-smt-7-e1396226814493.jpg

107. basic movements have been taken from the older dance, but have been refined and embellished

108. The dancer may bear a kris, spear, bow, or other weapons, depending on the variant performed https://i.ytimg.com/vi/dLozrg0IhKQ/maxresdefault.jpg

109. http://www.gcmtoy.com/BarisTun.htm

110. relation between dancer and orchestra is an intimate one, since the gamelan must be entirely attuned to the changing moods of the dancer’s imperious will

111. triangular-shaped white headdress bedecked with white flowers or mother of pearl shells

112. red flowers fringe this unique headdress

113. white headdress may be substituted with gilded and carved leather for a more magnificent effect

114. Black leggings with gold trim are usually worn

115. adorned with a multitude of elegantly coloured stoles, which create a very dramatic effect when he whirls around