Grammar Summary

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Grammar Summary by Mind Map: Grammar Summary

1. Conditionals

1.1. Sometimes we call them 'if clauses'. They describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past) .

1.1.1. Zero

1.1.2. First

1.1.3. Second

1.1.4. Third

1.1.5. Mixed

1.2. Examples

1.2.1. If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.

1.2.2. If it rains tomorrow, we'll go to the cinema.

1.2.3. If I had a lot of money, I would travel around the world.

2. Modals

2.1. We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable or possible (or not). We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers, and so on.

2.2. Examples

2.2.1. It might rain today.

2.2.2. I must go to the supermarket today, we´ve run out of milk.

2.2.3. You should drive carefully in bad weather.

3. Passive voice

3.1. Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

3.2. Examples

3.2.1. Mi bike was stolen

3.2.2. The food was being cooked a few minutes ago

3.2.3. A letter was written

4. Countable and uncountable nouns

4.1. *Countable nouns are individual people, animals, places, things, or ideas which can be counted. *Uncountable nouns are for the things that we cannot count with numbers.

4.2. Examples

4.2.1. Con- dog

4.2.2. Un.- tea

4.2.3. Un-sugar