The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

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The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition by Mind Map: The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

1. PROBLEM

1.1. How does culture impact the process of Second Language Acquisition?

1.2. Ell students who do not have an understanding of the culture as they learn the language struggle with Text Reading Comprehension.

2. FOUNDATION FOR REASEARCH

2.1. Question

2.1.1. What is the difference in performance in reading comprehension between ESL elementary school students who have background knowledge of American Culture and those who do not have any knowledge?

2.2. Supporting Questions

2.2.1. How should texts be selected? Which Cultural Leveled Texts should be used with English Learners? How does these selected texts improve Reading Comprehension among ELL students

2.3. Objective

2.3.1. To embed authentic cultural experiences during Guided Reading through selected texts in order to enhance reading comprehension.

2.4. Variables

2.4.1. 1. ELL students who have some of the second language cultural background but limited language skills 2. New Comers, ELL students who have limited or no language and no cultural background within the second language culture.

2.5. Central Topic & Population

2.5.1. The population of my study consisted of Kindergarten students. They were 275 Kindergarteners placed in 4 kindergarten classrooms. The sample of the study consisted of 40 subjects, males and females divided into four groups of 10, two experimental and two controlled. The researcher followed the experimental method.

2.6. How is Comprehension Measured

2.6.1. The District of Columbia Public Schools uses “Text Reading Comprehension” TRC to measure kindergarten students’ comprehension level. This assessment is inclusive of Special Education Student as well as English Language Learners. TRC is an assessment that is individually administered through the aid of leveled readers from a book set to determine a student’s instructional reading level. Students during this assessment, read an authentic piece of literature and must complete a battery of follow up questions related to the text read which involves oral comprehension, recalling or retelling. The teacher in charge of administrating the assessment must record student’s oral reading responses to determine comprehension accuracy. This process helps teachers determine whether the student understand the meaning of the text read. In this study, TRC assessment will be the instrument utilized to measure reading comprehension.

3. RESEARCH STUDY

3.1. BOY / MOY/ DATA ANALYSIS BOY=Beginning Of Year MOY= Middle Of the Year

3.1.1. Subjects: Kindergarten students receiving double dose of Guided Reading daily

3.1.2. Length of Study: 16 weeks

3.2. Independent Variables:

3.2.1. Control Group: Non ELL students who are immersed in the culture of the second language 1. ELL students who have some of the second language cultural background but limited language skills 2. New Comers, ELL students who have limited or no language and no cultural background within the second language culture.

3.3. Dependent Variables

3.3.1. Text Reading Comprehension scores (Pre and post) BOY and MOY

4. RESEARCH QUESTION

4.1. What is the difference in performance in reading comprehension between ESL elementary school students who have background knowledge of American Culture and those who do not have any knowledge?

4.1.1. Employee

4.1.2. Employee

5. RATIONALE STATEMENT

5.1. This research main purpose is to explore and examine the impact of culture in the process of the English language acquisition in elementary school. Further, it is my desire through this research to also determine the difference in performance in reading comprehension between ESL elementary school students who have background knowledge of the American Culture and those who do not have any knowledge.

5.2. What is the difference in performance in reading comprehension between ESL elementary school students who have background knowledge of American Culture and those who do not have any knowledge?