Modal Verbs - Vannesa Arevalo

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Modal Verbs - Vannesa Arevalo by Mind Map: Modal Verbs -          Vannesa Arevalo

1. Structure

1.1. subject + modal verb + main verb(infinitive) + complement

2. Rules

2.1. Most modal verbs cannot be used in past / future tenses.

2.2. When used in third person person present tense modals do not have '-s' ending.

2.3. Use "not" to make modals negative.

3. Examples

3.1. Simple

3.1.1. He could work.

3.2. Continuos

3.2.1. She could be running.

3.3. Perfect

3.3.1. I could have slept.

3.4. Perfect continuos

3.4.1. He could have been playing.

4. Can

4.1. Ability / Possibility

4.1.1. They can pass their exams

4.2. Impossibility

4.2.1. I can't do it

4.3. Asking for permission

4.3.1. Can I go there?

4.4. Request

4.4.1. Can you help me?

5. Could

5.1. Permission

5.1.1. Could I borrow your pen?

5.2. Request

5.2.1. Could you say it again more slowly?

5.3. Posibility

5.3.1. We could have another chance.

5.4. Future

5.4.1. I wish I could meet her next week.

5.5. Ability

5.5.1. He could play the piano when he was 6.

6. May

6.1. Permission

6.1.1. May I have another glass of water?

6.2. Possibility

6.2.1. I may finish my task.

7. Might

7.1. Possibility

7.1.1. They might get better results.

8. Ought to

8.1. Saying what's right or correct

8.1.1. She ought to finish by next week.

9. Must

9.1. Obligation

9.1.1. She must wear a uniform at school.

10. Should

10.1. Saying what's right or correct

10.1.1. We should study harder.