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Assessments by Mind Map: Assessments

1. Formative

1.1. Definition- "process of gathering evidence of student work to provide feedback and adjust instruction."

1.1.1. Characteristics- continuing circular process. Structure, Participants involved in feedback. Teacher-Student interaction

1.1.2. Feedback- Goal-directed, Scaffolding, Self-Referenced, Standard-Referenced, Norm-Referenced Nature- amount, timing, mode, audience, type. Differentiated and Effective Instructional Adjustments- Further reading, Individual tutoring, Group Work, Questioning, Work Sheets, Peer Tutoring, Clarifying, Modeling, Mapping

1.2. Example (Formal)- planned activity, specific sequence, Structured exercises, Pretests, Homework, In class assignments, Quizzes and Unit Tests, Classroom Response Systems

1.2.1. Teacher Example-

1.3. Example (Informal)- informal observations, questioning, spontaneous, immediate feedback and adjustments

1.3.1. Teacher Example-

2. Summative

2.1. Definition-"are used to evaluate student learning, skill acquisition, and academic achievement at the conclusion of a defined instructional period—typically at the end of a project, unit, course, semester, program, or school year."

2.1.1. Characteristics- Given at the end of Unit or end of Year, used for report cards and district/state reports

2.1.2. Grading- Human, Distributed, Automated, Rubric, Checklists

2.1.3. Delivery- Paper/Pencil, Online, Computer Adaptive

2.1.4. Preparing Students- Teach assessment taking skills, length, format, types, review, how to mange anxiety

2.1.5. Types Of Questions- Multiple Choice, Matching/Sequencing, True/False, Fill-in, Short Answer, and Essay

2.2. Example- Standardized Testing

2.2.1. Teacher Example-

2.3. Example- Research Project

2.3.1. Teacher Example-

3. Interim/Benchmark

3.1. Definition- type of formative assessment, Periodic testing throughout the school year, little to no student feedback

3.1.1. Characteristics- Given at pre-determined times, Grading is necessary, Feedback and adjustment is medium to high, and is used for report cards, district reports, and adjust instruction.

3.2. Example- 6 weeks benchmarks

3.2.1. Teacher Example-

3.3. Example- Poster Project

3.3.1. Teacher Example-

4. Diagnostic

4.1. Definition- "a type of assessment which examines what a student knows and can do prior to a learning program being implemented. Assessment of students' skills and knowledge upon entry to the program provides a baseline against which to assess progress."

4.1.1. Characteristics- used to improve the learners' experience and their level of achievement, looks backwards rather than forwards, before teaching or when problems arise.

4.2. Example- Unit Pre-Test, prior to instruction of a unit, create an assessment that gathers information about what the students know about the topic, focus on the objectives you want the students to master.

4.2.1. Teacher Example-

4.3. Example- Placement Graphic Organizer, have students create a graphic organizer on the topic: what they know, what they don't know, questions they have, and things they are interested in.

4.3.1. Teacher Example-

5. Performance

5.1. Definition- "a form of testing that requires students to perform a task rather than select an answer from a ready-made list."

5.2. Example- Portfolios, students self-assess strengths and weaknesses by collecting samples of work through out the year or unit, showing mastery of skill.

5.2.1. Teacher Example-

5.3. Example- Demonstrations/Experiments, for example, you may task each student to develop and test a scientific theory, working through every stage of the scientific process.

6. Definition/Importance

6.1. Definition- "the shared process of gathering purposeful systematic measurement for documentation, reflection, and improvement of both student learning and institutional practice."

6.2. Importance- helps students master skills, shows teachers what is working, what's not, and where the students are in their learning process. Teachers can re-teach or create focus groups.