Events of World War II

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Events of World War II by Mind Map: Events of World War II

1. African Theatre

1.1. The Desert War

1.1.1. Italy had two armies in Libya under the command of Italo Balbo

1.1.2. British forces were in Egypt since 1882, controlling Suez Canal

1.1.3. Italy declared war on the Allies, the two nations in Africa began a series of bombing at each other

1.1.4. Italo died, replaced by Rodolfo Graziani

1.1.5. Rodolfo wanted to attack Egypt to re-establish italy's presence

1.1.6. British forces were too weak to fight back

1.1.6.1. they did manage to keep up a defense

1.2. The Italian Offensive

1.2.1. Mussolini ordered Graziani to invade Egypt

1.2.2. Graziani took forces under prepared to Egypt

1.2.3. Graziani delayed the invasion

1.2.4. the plan was to attack Mersa Mutrah but Birtish forces held them off

1.2.5. the invasion resulted in Egypt breaking relation with Germany and Italy

1.2.6. Italy eventually bombed Cairo

1.3. The Tunisian Campaign

1.3.1. 230,000 Nazis were captured

1.3.2. began NOv 17, 1942

1.3.3. ended May 13, 1943

1.3.4. consisted of battles between the Allies and Axis forces in Tunisia

1.4. Operation Torch

1.4.1. British- American invasion of French North Africa during the North Africa Campaign

1.4.2. "Torch" reflected the results of disputes between British and Americans

1.4.3. first time the British and Americans worked together to invade Italy

1.5. Italy wanted to seize Suez Canal

1.6. British had military force stationed in Egypt to protect canal

1.7. they British depended on the canal for resources

1.8. Campaign involved the countries of Egypt

2. Pacific Theatre

2.1. After Pearl Harbor, the Japanese quickly gained control over the pacific

2.1.1. they had power over the Phillipines, Burma, the Aleutians and the Solomons

2.1.2. they enjoyed their advantage of interior lines of communication, but they overextended themselves

2.1.2.1. the Allies became very strong eventually and they could threaten their enemy

2.1.3. Japan quickly lost their advantage and they could not produce enough ships or planes to fully defend themselves

2.1.4. in mid-1942 in the Coral Sea, the US Navy checked the Japanese and in the Battle of the Midway, the US defeated them

2.1.5. the Allies were launch an offensive after this vitory

2.1.5.1. this began with the Navy under Admiral Nimitz and Marnie landings on Guadalcanal and nearby islands in the Solomons

2.1.5.2. the army under General MacArthur set out to take New Guinea's Papuan Peninsula with Australian allies

2.1.6. both campaigns after Midway succeeded

2.1.7. Nimitz crossed the Central Pacific

2.1.8. the Marinas were taken and they could be used to bomb the heart of Japan

2.1.9. the Allies continued to take territories, closing in on Japan and dominating the Pacific

2.2. 1941

2.2.1. Dec

2.2.1.1. Japanese landings in Thailand and Malaysia, Hong Kong is attacked

2.2.1.2. Pearl Harbor attacked dec 7th

2.2.1.3. Wake Island surrenders, Americans withdraw to Bataan, Philippines

2.2.1.4. Sinking of British battleships

2.2.1.5. First Japanese landings on Luzon, Philippines, more landings on the 22nd

2.2.1.6. Battle for Jitra, Malaysia, Japanese victory

2.2.1.7. British withdraw to Perak River, Malaysia

2.2.1.8. Hong Kong surenders

2.2.1.9. Japanese break Perak River line

2.3. 1943

2.3.1. Jan 20 New Guinea secured by Allies

2.3.2. Feb 8 Japanese complete Withdrawal from Guadalcanal

2.3.3. Feb Wingate begins operations against Japanese in Burma

2.3.4. April 18 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto dies

2.3.5. May Chinese Nationalists counterattack along the Yangtze

2.3.6. July American lands at Solomons

2.3.7. Sept Australia captures Lae, New Guinea

2.3.8. Nov Americans land at Solomons, 2nd US marine division lands on Tarawa

2.3.9. Dec 31 Battle for Razabil

2.4. 1942

2.4.1. Jan

2.4.1.1. British forces routed at Slim River crossing

2.4.1.2. Japanese begin landing in Northern Dutch Indonesia

2.4.1.3. Japanese occupy Kuala Lumpur

2.4.1.4. Australian Division ambushed Japanese at Gemas

2.4.1.5. Battle for Muar River crossing, Australians withdraw

2.4.1.6. Japanese Southern Army invades Burma

2.4.1.7. Japanese Bomb New Guinea

2.4.1.8. British withdraw to Singapore

2.4.2. Feb

2.4.2.1. Japanese land on Sumatra

2.4.2.2. Singapore surrenders, major British defeat

2.4.2.3. Battle of Java Sea, Allied naval naval forces defeated

2.4.3. Mar

2.4.3.1. Japanese advance into central Burma

2.4.4. Apr

2.4.4.1. Japanese carier fleet raids Ceylon

2.4.4.2. Bataan surrenders, major american defeat

2.4.5. May

2.4.5.1. Japanese enter China from Burma

2.4.5.2. British complete withdrawal from Burma

2.4.6. Jun

2.4.6.1. Battle of Midway, major Japanese defeat

2.4.7. Aug

2.4.7.1. Naval battle of Savo Island

2.4.7.2. First US Aircraft on Guadalcanal

2.4.8. Sept

2.4.8.1. Australians stop Japanese offensive against Port Moresby, New Guinea

2.4.9. Oct

2.4.9.1. Naval battles of Cape Esperance and Santa Cruz

2.4.10. Nov

2.4.10.1. Naval battles of Guadalcanal and Tassafaronga

2.4.11. Dec

2.4.11.1. British troops re-enter Burma

2.5. 1944

2.5.1. Chinese offensive in Hukawng Valley

2.5.2. US fleet raids Truk Atoll

2.5.3. Japanese stopped at Tamu, India

2.5.4. Japanese retreat in Burma

2.5.5. 1st Marine Division lands on Peleliu

2.5.6. First B-29 raid against Tokyo

2.5.7. First Kamikazes

2.6. 1945

2.6.1. Americans land on Luzon island, Philippines

2.6.2. Burma Road reopened

2.6.3. British breach Irrawaddy line in Burma

2.6.4. Last Japanese resistance in Manila ends

2.6.5. March 10 first Allied fired bombing in Tokyo

2.6.6. Japanese battleship Yamato sunk

2.6.7. President FDR dies april 12

2.6.8. Aug 6- atomic bombing of Hiroshima Japan

2.6.9. Aug 9- atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan

2.6.10. Aug 15- Emperor Hirohito announces surrender of Japan

3. European Theatre

3.1. Americans created allied powers in england

3.1.1. in April 1942, they poured supplies and troops into the UK

3.2. wanted to strike destruction on Nazi Germany

3.2.1. plans were made in 1942 to take action in April 1943

3.2.2. Allies waited for signs of collapsing from Germany and Russia

3.3. cross-channel attack did not happen until 1944

3.4. in mid-1942, Americans followed the British plan to invade North Africa

3.4.1. they fought through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia and then finally won the North African campaign in May 1943

3.5. President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill met in Casablanca Jan 1943

3.5.1. they decided that Sicily would be their next target, and they later followed up with an invasion

3.6. the Italian campaign involved deadly fights and cost the US 114,000 casualties

3.7. German forces in Italy surrendered in May 1945

3.8. Northern France

3.8.1. Allies had gathered in the UK in June 1944, D-Day was June 6,1944

3.8.2. Germans resisted the Allies' advances in Normandy

3.8.3. By the end of June most forward positions of Allied forces were 20 miles inland

3.8.3.1. they were building up their forces

3.8.4. British forces tried to break into open the country near Caen

3.8.5. General Montgomery wanted to attract German Armor to the British sector US units continued to attack

3.8.6. Allied strategic plan was to take over Breton ports and and secure an area for supply bases

3.8.6.1. then, they intended to advance into Germany

3.8.6.2. they traveled south of the Ardennes which led directly into the area where Germany's Industrial power was concentrated

3.8.7. British troops on the left moved toward Falaise and US troops on the right moved in a circle toward Argentan

3.8.7.1. however, the German were able to remove some of the troops

3.8.8. General Patton's Third Army went east across the Seine and eliminated th

3.8.8.1. Germans lost almost all of two field armies in Normandy

3.8.8.2. fighting broke out between French patriots and Germans