"1984" by George Orwell

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"1984" by George Orwell by Mind Map: "1984" by George Orwell

1. Rats - Winston's biggest phobia and his downfall. When O'Brien learns how much Winston fears them, he gets him to break by threatening to put Winston's head inside a cage with huge, starving rats. Winston yells, "Do it to Julia!"

2. Oceania is constantly at war with Eurasia or Eastasia; the world has three countries (p. 34, p. 180

3. Has Winston arrested and eventually brought to Room 101 - a place that everyone fears because it is where you finally break.

4. Winston Smith

4.1. In the first part of the novel, we see how he becomes aware of the manipulation of which he is a victim. This provokes in him, anxious to know the way of life existing before the revolution. In addition, he meditates on his life, embodying everything he feels in a little journal. That is to say, he thinks of everything he can and does not possess, because the Big Brother (concretion that the party presents to the world) wants to maintain power at any price. He sacrifices all human value in order to possess absolute power. Therefore, let us say that Winston ultimately understands how to live in that society, without understanding why to live this way and not in a different way. He does not find any sense in his way of life. In the second part, the discontent in his person impels him to rebel against the party, carrying out acts that the party considers criminal. Thus, through Julia (another member of the party), which falls in love, violates the doctrine of the party, since, according to this, the only love that a member of the party.

5. Julia

5.1. She tells Winston that while the Party's Ministry of Love can torture you and make you say anything, "they can't make you believe it. They can't get inside you." (p. 166)

5.1.1. She discovers this is wrong: "Sometimes they threaten you... and then you say, 'Don't do it to me - do it to the other person... All you care about is yourself... And after that, you don't feel the same to the other person." p. 292

5.2. about 27 years old (p. 10)

5.2.1. mechanic, runs the novel writing machines

5.2.2. thick dark hair Later, described as "sallow" p. 291

5.2.3. shapely, strong, athletic Later, described as "stiffened" and "clumsy" (p. 290-91)

5.2.4. clear skinned, freckled Later, described as "sallow" p. 291

5.2.5. direct gaze

6. Big Brother

6.1. INGSOC stands for English socialism, a political philosophy (p. 36)

6.1.1. Orwell feared socialism would take away rights and freedoms

6.1.2. Socialism for Orwell lead to communism and authoritarian regimes

6.2. Four Ministries: Minilove, Minitruth, Minipax and Miniplenty

6.2.1. Ministry of Truth had Thought Police who snooped on citizens using telescreens, helicopters and spies.

6.3. Newspeak: eliminated words - "It's a beautiful thing, the destruction of words... The whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought." (p. 51-52)

6.4. Enemy of the People: Emanuel Goldstein (p. 11), commander of the Brotherhood (p. 13)

6.5. Thoughtcrime is when you think against the government; facecrime is when you show displeasure (p. 62)

6.5.1. "In the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it." (p. 80) but... "Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows." (p. 81)

6.5.2. "The Party told you to reject the evidence of your eyes and ears.

6.6. The Party aimed to prevent men and women from being loyal to each other; marriage had to be approved by the party and couldn't be for love. (p. 65)

7. London, Airstrip One, Oceania

7.1. Airstrip - third-most populated province in Oceana (p.3)

7.2. bombed out cities, old 19th century houses patched and rotting

7.3. atom bombs fell in the 1950s (p. 27)

8. Peripheral Characters

8.1. The Parsons

8.1.1. Mrs. Parsons calls Winston for help with repairs at their flat, because Tom is rarely home.

8.1.2. Tom Parsons is a co-worker of Winston's who is fattish, active and unquestioning - stupid. Parsons goes to the Ministry of Love (to be tortured) because his daughter reported that he said "Down with Big Brother" in his sleep. He is grateful! "I'm proud of her" (his daughter) "It shows I brought her up in the right spirit." p. 233

8.1.3. Parson boy and girl play Thought Police, like to see hangings, report their father. (p. 24) "Nearly all children nowadays were horrible."

8.2. Mr. Charrington

8.2.1. Proprietor of the curiosity shop

8.2.2. rented the upstairs apartment to Winston

8.2.3. agent for the Thought Police

8.3. Symes

8.3.1. co-worker of Winston's at the Ministry of Truth

8.3.2. worked on the 11th Edition of the Newspeak dictionary

8.3.3. fanatic, loves watching hangings (p.49)

9. O'Brien

9.1. Friend or enemy? P. 25

9.2. Large, burly man, coarse, humorous, brutal (p. 10)

9.3. uses spectacles

9.4. Invites Winston and Julia to his home, turns off his telescreen and gets him to confess: "We are thought criminals." p.170

9.5. Employs Mr. Charrington as a spy

9.6. Gets Winston the secret manual of the Brotherhood

9.6.1. "The primary aim of modern warfare ... is to use up the products of the machine without raising the standards of living." p. 188 "An all-round increased in wealth threatened the destruction of a hierarchical society" p.189 War keeps people psychologically enslaved, threatened and easier to control. p. 192

9.6.2. There will always be three kinds of people: High, Middle, Low (class). "The aims of these three groups are entirely irreconcilable." p. 184, p. 201

9.6.3. It is necessary to change the past so that no one can make comparisons and grow discontented. They won't complain because they don't believe live was or could be better. p. 212

9.6.4. Double-think is at the heart of the party's control: "to tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient..." p. 214

9.6.5. The Party seeks power for its own sake: not for the good of the people. p. 263 The Party's power over everything begins in the mind: it controls the perception of reality. p. 265

10. Structure of Novel

10.1. 1984 places its action in a totalitarian state called Oceania, which, has been implanted after a revolution of the population against the capitalist system. This state is governed by a single party, whose ideology is denominated INGSOC (English Socialism). He exercises absolute control over his subjects, through various instruments of control, and over the aspects that concern people, such as their past, present and future. Consequently, this level of control has ended with some aspect of freedom and true human affection.

11. New node

11.1. New node