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Why does society need environmental research? HENVI Science Days 7.-8.4.2011 by Mind Map: Why does society need environmental research? HENVI Science Days 7.-8.4.2011
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Why does society need environmental research? HENVI Science Days 7.-8.4.2011

Tarja Halonen : Sustainable development in the global politics with the reflection to local: An example of Baltic Sea

how to build bridges between different disciplines (science , policy)

we do not need to redefine the concept. Implementation is the problem

global panel on sustainability: seeking consensus between the three dimensions of sustainability

more emphasis on the social dimension: empowerment of women

'global sustainability is not possible without sustainability on the nation-state level'

what will the leaders of the nation-states do?

partnerships between business sector and civil society organisations

the system is so fast; you cannot just wait for the initiatives from governmental organisations

The case of improving the state of the Baltic Sea: we need individuals, private sector, businesses, government, NGOs --> we cannot do it alone

Improvements have happened: St. Petersburg wastewater system

Biggest remaining challenge: agriculture

We do not need any more Baltic Sea organisations. Implementation is the problem

We must intensify our regional cooperation

Next Baltic Sea Action Summit meeting in Russia

The role of science: connecting the dots - building bridges

Prof Don Wuebbles: The Science of Climate Change: The Challenges Facing Humanity

"The Science is Clear: Climate change is one of the most important issues facing humanity"

There is strong scientific agreement on this

Leadership is lacking

Scientific evidence: three independent analyses of temperature record 1961-1990 (trends in close agreement)

The warming is not uniform, not do we expect it to be

Conditions today appear to be unusual in the context of the last 2000 years

Finland: the last decade was the warmest in history

Symptoms: sea-level rise, increase in heavy downpours, rapidly retreating glaciers, thawing permafrost, lengthening growing season, lengthening ice-free season in the ocean and on lakes and rivers, earlier snowmelt, changes in river flows, plants blooming earlier, animals, birds, fish moving northward

Natural factors affecting climate: variations in the Earth's orbit, variations in the energy received from the sun, stratospheric aerosols from energetic volcanic eruptions, chaotic interactions in the Earth's climate (e.g. El Nino)

Human factors influencing climate: changes in atmospheric CO2, changes in aerosol particles from burning fossil fuels

Why does the earth warm?

Strong evidence that the current changes are human-induced

Future temperature rises expected to rise at an unprecented rate (estimates: 2.5-6 C)

Extreme weather events become more common

The impacts are vast on many sectors

Both mitigation and adaptation are important

We choose our future

Environment Councellor Jaakko Ojala: Climate Change- world's problem no 1?

Identifying agents of change

20 20 20 by 2020

Roadmap towards low carbon Europe 2050

Emission reductions are possible! Case: Finland

Be part of the solution!

Global, comprehensive climate regime is the answer!

"Ensuring that there are no free-riders in the system'

Comment to Jaakko Ojala's speech. Markku Kulmala, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences

There are not just three dimensions of sustainable development (society, economy, environment)

The climate system is a system of interactions

Levels of cooperation

Formula for facing challenges: U x V x C x F < R

Comment to Jaakko Ojala's speech. Prof. Jyri Seppälä

Local example of Carbon Neutral Municipalities project

Professor Markku Ollikainen: Baltic Sea - challenges for science and politics

"The Baltic Sea countries provide an excellent example of international cooperation for marine environment in the world"

"The Baltic Sea is like an ill man suggeting from multiple diseases"

We have done much for the Baltic Sea; however, our policies are inefficient. Our scientific basis are still inadequate, and we do not currently make full use of existing knowledge.

Key problems of the Baltic Sea

All these problems share the same features

The role of the hydrography of the Baltic Sea

The role of social institutions

Asymmetries between countries

Policy analysis framework of the Baltic Sea

Making the policy model work

Nice table on transfer on nitrogen between countries. Ollikainen & Honkatukia 2001.!!!(Find original source!!!)

An illustration of nutrient transfer


Cecilia Lundholm: Environmental Learning: Insights from research (Stockholm Resilience Center)

Research on environmental learning

Increasingly, attention has been centred at emotions in emotional research

Different aspects of values

The important of relevance in learning

Negotiating viewpoints

The role and purpose of environmental education

Knowledge, values and behaviour


Aspect of the individuals

Professor Robert Frodeman: Making Environmental Research Sustainable

Center for the Study of Interdisciplinarity

future institutional expressions of knolwedge

Knowledge vs. confusion. More knowledge might increase confusion

Aristoteles ethics: does not handle ethics

Problem of further scientific research: do we need more of the research? We end up arguing about research

Climate change has become a spiritual issue.

Do we have the will to make hard decisions?

The standard model (Pielke and Byerly, (1998)

Definition of post-modernity: separation of religion, culture, science, society

Is it possible of knowledge to have no particular outcome?

Are there facts beyond reasonable debate?

Sustainability science

We have the assumption that more science will provide solutions rather than already existing knowledge or reasonable discussions

Interdisciplinary knowledge production is in a danger of falling into a trap

Is more research an excuse for politics not to act?