A2 Literature

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A2 Literature by Mind Map: A2 Literature

1. The Handmaid's Tale

1.1. Themes

1.1.1. Faith "If it's a story I'm telling, then I have control over the ending. Then there will be an ending to the story and real life will come after it. I can pickup where I left off." New node

1.1.2. Control Biblical References New node "What it really means is that she is in control, of the process and thus of the product" (88)

1.1.3. Dystopia Flashbacks to pre-Gilead "Ordinary, said Aunt Lydia, is what you are used to. This may not seem ordinary to you now, but after a time it will. It will become ordinary"

1.1.4. Survival "Below it is the Commander fucking" (89) "Give me children, or else I die" (58) "Kiss him 'as if she meant it'" (135) "The signal is Nick" (146)

1.2. Symbols

1.2.1. Uniforms Classification of people

1.2.2. Body As an instrument of pleasure - "Men are sex machines" (138)

1.2.3. Guardians "The Guardians aren't real soldiers. They're used for routine policing..." (18)

1.2.4. Religion/Bible Control/power tool - "The Bible is kept locked up... so the servants would not steal it" (82)

1.2.5. The Wall Shows off the consequences of being against Gilead - "What they are hanging from is hooks" (32)

1.3. Motifs

1.3.1. Color-coded apparel Represents their role in Gilead Handmaids-red dresses, white wings covering face (veil) Marthas - green dresses Guardians - green uniform Wives - blue dresses

1.3.2. The wall Hang members of Gilead who "have committed atrocities and must be made into examples, for the rest." (33) - example of control

1.3.3. Rape and sexual violence

1.4. Characters

1.4.1. Offred Narrator and protagonist

1.4.2. The Commander Head of the household Has an unorthodox relationship with Offred

1.4.3. Serena Joy Pre-Gilead was an anti-feminist activist and support traditional values Channels religious elements of Gilead

1.4.4. Moira Lesbian feminist, defiance contrasts the other women in novel

1.4.5. Aunt Lydia Represents the ideological indoctrination of Gilead Works at the Red Center (re-education)

2. Slaughterhouse 5

2.1. Symbols

2.1.1. Tralfamadorians & Tralfamadore

2.2. Themes

2.2.1. Escape "Everything was beautiful, and nothing hurt" Tralfamadore Creation "They were trying to recreate their universe. Science Fiction was a big help"

2.2.2. Faith

2.2.3. Death "So it goes"

2.2.4. Fate & Freewill Serenity Prayer " . . . the Serenity to accept the things I cannot change, to change the things I can . . ." Predicted Death Backwards War Movie Watching backwards, become movie for peace Billy thinks he is "unstuck in time" "Billy saw the war movies backwards and forwards" "only on Earth is there any talk of free will"

2.2.5. Time "They're playing with the clocks again"

2.3. Motifs

2.4. Characters

2.4.1. Billy Pilgrim PTSD Absurd Soldier who was really a chaplain's assistant

2.4.2. Valencia absurd death

2.4.3. Kurt Vonnegut Author who writes himself into his books "I am a pillar of salt" "All this happened, more or less, the war parts anyway are pretty much true"

2.4.4. Montana Wildhack "adult film" star Brought to live with Billy on Tralfamadore

2.4.5. Kilgore Trout sci-fic author Maybe Billy made him up his books Maniacs in the 4th Dimension The Big Board New node

3. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

3.1. Symbols

3.1.1. Machines "big as a truck" "smile's going out before her like a radiator grill" - Nurse Ratched New node New node

3.2. Themes

3.3. Motifs

3.3.1. Fog "the fog machine had broken down in the walls" -Chief Bromden starts to see things clearly through the fog.

3.3.2. Inside vs. Outside " a completed product goes back out into society" "the ward is a factory for the Combine"

3.3.3. Reality vs Fiction

3.4. Characters

3.4.1. Chief Bromden "Cause it's the truth, even if it didn't happen"

3.4.2. R.P. McMurphy

3.4.3. Billy Bibbit

3.4.4. Nurse Ratched

4. The Great Gatsby

4.1. Themes

4.1.1. Dreams and Grail Quest

4.1.2. New node

4.2. Symbols

4.2.1. Colors Yellow "a pair of enourmous yellow spectacles" - T.J. Eckleburg moral decay Green Green light

4.3. Motifs

4.3.1. The Valley of Ashes "grotesque gardens" "fantastic farms" "the eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg"

4.4. Characters

4.4.1. Gatsby "Cant repeat the past? Of course you can."

4.4.2. Nick "I am one of the few honest people I have ever known"