Toxins - Summative Assessment

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Toxins - Summative Assessment by Mind Map: Toxins - Summative Assessment

1. Chemistry

1.1. Chemical Reaction

1.1.1. Reactants

1.1.1.1. left side of the chemical equation (those chemicals that when brought together in the right amount and conditions react)

1.1.2. Products

1.1.2.1. Ionic Products

1.1.2.1.1. Dissociate in aquas solution

1.1.2.2. right side of the chemical equation (those chemicals that are the results of the chemical reaction)

1.1.3. Subscripts

1.1.3.1. the number of atoms of a specific element in a compound/element

1.1.3.1.1. determine number of atoms

1.1.4. Coefficients

1.1.4.1. the number of compounds/elements needed to create a balanced equation

1.1.4.1.1. tells number of atoms

1.1.5. Balanced Equations

1.1.5.1. Atom Inventory

1.1.5.1.1. a strategy used to make sure an chemical equation is balanced (listing each atom of each element on a side and making sure they correspond to each other)

1.1.5.2. Formula Unit

1.1.5.2.1. elements that are together in a compound and remain together in the chemical reaction (in the same number of atoms - example: phosphate [PO4])

1.1.6. Types of Reactions

1.1.6.1. Combination

1.1.6.1.1. Chemical reaction that combines reactants (A+B->AB

1.1.6.2. Decomposition

1.1.6.2.1. Chemical reaction that breaks apart a compound (AB -> A+B

1.1.6.3. Displacement

1.1.6.3.1. Chemical reaction that replaces elements in compounds (AB + CD -> AD + CB) [double displacement]

1.2. Dose

1.2.1. LD50 (Lethal Dose 50%)

1.2.1.1. these are the lethal dose calculations for test subjects given the toxin (at what dose do 50% of the test population die)

1.2.2. Toxicity

2. Toxins

2.1. Acetaminophin

2.1.1. C8H9NO2

2.1.1.1. LD50 is 338mg/kg

2.2. Methadone

2.2.1. C21H27NO

2.2.1.1. LD50 is 30mg/kg

2.3. Arsenic

2.3.1. As4O6 (arsenic trioxide)

2.3.1.1. LD50 is 15mg/kg (rat, oral)

2.4. snake venom

2.5. aspirin

2.5.1. C9H8O4

2.5.1.1. LD50 is 200mg/kg (rat, oral)

2.6. Lorchel Mushroom

2.6.1. C4H8N2O

2.6.1.1. LD50 is 200mg/kg (rat, oral)

2.7. Dioxin

2.7.1. C12H4O2Cl4

2.7.1.1. LD50 is 20-100 micrograms/kg (rat, oral)

2.8. Death cap mushroom

2.8.1. C39H54N10O14S

2.8.1.1. LD50 is .003 mg/kg (mouse, oral)

2.9. PbI2 (lead (IV) iodide)

3. Terms

3.1. Tox

3.1.1. Greek root word for Toxin

3.1.1.1. Means arrow

3.2. Toxicology

3.2.1. Study of Toxins

3.3. States of matter

3.3.1. Solid

3.3.2. Liquid

3.3.3. Gas

3.4. Physical Change

3.4.1. Changed state of matter

3.5. Chemical Change

3.6. Law of Conservation of Matter

3.6.1. Nothing is created or destroyed in a chemical reaction

3.7. Observation

3.7.1. What is seen

3.7.1.1. useful doing this during

3.8. Protein

3.9. Neurotoxin

3.9.1. toxin that affects the nerve cells

3.10. Hemotoxin

3.10.1. toxin that destroys red blood cells