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Toxins - Summative Assessment by Mind Map: Toxins - Summative
Assessment
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Toxins - Summative Assessment

Chemistry

Chemical Reaction

Reactants, left side of the chemical equation (those chemicals that when brought together in the right amount and conditions react)

Products, Ionic Products, Dissociate in aquas solution, right side of the chemical equation (those chemicals that are the results of the chemical reaction)

Subscripts, the number of atoms of a specific element in a compound/element, determine number of atoms

Coefficients, the number of compounds/elements needed to create a balanced equation, tells number of atoms

Balanced Equations, Atom Inventory, a strategy used to make sure an chemical equation is balanced (listing each atom of each element on a side and making sure they correspond to each other), Formula Unit, elements that are together in a compound and remain together in the chemical reaction (in the same number of atoms - example: phosphate [PO4])

Types of Reactions, Combination, Chemical reaction that combines reactants (A+B->AB, Decomposition, Chemical reaction that breaks apart a compound (AB -> A+B, Displacement, Chemical reaction that replaces elements in compounds (AB + CD -> AD + CB) [double displacement]

Dose

LD50 (Lethal Dose 50%), these are the lethal dose calculations for test subjects given the toxin (at what dose do 50% of the test population die)

Toxicity

Toxins

Acetaminophin

C8H9NO2, LD50 is 338mg/kg

Methadone

C21H27NO, LD50 is 30mg/kg

Arsenic

As4O6 (arsenic trioxide), LD50 is 15mg/kg (rat, oral)

snake venom

aspirin

C9H8O4, LD50 is 200mg/kg (rat, oral)

Lorchel Mushroom

C4H8N2O, LD50 is 200mg/kg (rat, oral)

Dioxin

C12H4O2Cl4, LD50 is 20-100 micrograms/kg (rat, oral)

Death cap mushroom

C39H54N10O14S, LD50 is .003 mg/kg (mouse, oral)

PbI2 (lead (IV) iodide)

Terms

Tox

Greek root word for Toxin, Means arrow

Toxicology

Study of Toxins

States of matter

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Physical Change

Changed state of matter

Chemical Change

Law of Conservation of Matter

Nothing is created or destroyed in a chemical reaction

Observation

What is seen, useful doing this during

Protein

Neurotoxin

toxin that affects the nerve cells

Hemotoxin

toxin that destroys red blood cells