Restoration History pt.II

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Restoration History pt.II by Mind Map: Restoration History pt.II

1. Organizations

1.1. ACMS American Christian Missionary Society

1.1.1. 1849

1.1.2. Earliest missionary organization in the Stone-Campbell heritage

1.1.3. Louisville Plan (1868)

1.1.3.1. The plan tried to make the missionary society more effective

1.1.3.2. - The plan failed because people thought that it would make a denomination - It succeeded in a sense because it revived people’s interest in missions

1.2. NACC North American Christian Convention

1.3. FCMS Foreign Christian Missions Society

1.3.1. Practiced Open Membership due to mission field difficulties

1.4. CWBM Christian Women Board of Missions

1.4.1. Circle meetings to promote awareness (churches met separately, then together, then regionally)

1.4.2. Most effective missionary organization of the 19th Century

1.5. UCMS United Christian Missionary Society

1.5.1. Disciples of Christ

1.5.2. 1/2 men 1/2 women

1.5.3. Open Membership controversy

1.5.3.1. Many congregations withheld financial support of the Society because of the Open Membership controversy

1.5.4. Medbury Resolution

1.5.4.1. Condemned Open Membership

1.5.4.2. FCMS refused

1.6. Four Types of Colleges

1.6.1. Bible Colleges

1.6.1.1. Major in Bible

1.6.1.2. Secondary Studies

1.6.1.2.1. professional or vocational training with gen. ed.

1.6.1.3. Strong focus on ministers, secondary focused on Christians in general

1.6.1.4. School of the Evangelists (JBC)

1.6.1.4.1. First Bible College to function under the definition of what a “Bible College” was really meant to be

1.6.2. Liberal Arts

1.6.2.1. Core of Bible

1.6.2.2. Focused on the general education

1.6.2.3. Targets Christians in general

1.6.3. Bible Institute

1.6.3.1. Schools of preaching (no general education)

1.6.4. Bible Chair

2. Rough Timeline of People/Divisions (colors represent churches)

2.1. Robert Richardson

2.1.1. 3 Contributions

2.1.1.1. Attention to issues of church issues in the emerging Movement

2.1.1.2. His interpretation of the fundamental goals of the Movement

2.1.1.3. Wrote Memoirs of Alexander Campbell

2.2. W.K. Pendleton

2.2.1. ACMS

2.2.2. Became president of Bethany College in 1866

2.2.3. Collaborated in the founding of the ACMS and the Louisville Plan

2.3. J.W. McGarvey (in between Lipscomb & Pendleton)

2.3.1. Professor/president at College of the Bible (now Lexington Theological Seminary)

2.3.2. Conservative

2.3.3. Important Works

2.3.3.1. "Commentary on Acts"

2.3.3.1.1. read by people from both sides of debate

2.3.3.2. "Lands of the Bible"

2.4. David Lipscomb

2.4.1. Southern Churches

2.4.2. Opposed the ACMS

2.4.3. Civil War preacher

2.4.4. "Gospel Advocate"

2.4.4.1. Founded by Tolbert Fanning

2.4.4.2. Edited by William Lipscomb and David Lipscomb during Civil War

2.4.5. Opposed the use of instruments in worship

2.5. Isaac Errett

2.5.1. The most important figure in the late 19th century Churches

2.5.2. Wrote “Our Position”

2.6. Herbert Willett

2.6.1. Modernist

2.6.2. Full-on accepted theological liberalism

2.6.3. Helped found the Campbell Institute

2.7. Edward S. Ames

2.7.1. First church to practice open membership

2.7.2. “Christian Century”

2.7.2.1. The voice of theological liberalism. Edward S. Ames, Herbert Willett

2.8. Peter Ainslie

2.8.1. “Our Fellowship and The Task” (his address)

2.8.2. "The Christian Union Library"

2.8.3. Christian Union (CCU) – Ainslie was the first president

2.9. Edwin Errett

2.9.1. Close friend of Ashley Johnson

2.9.2. Owned “Christian Standard”

2.9.3. Owned Standard Publishing

2.9.4. Called for a Restoration Congress

2.10. 1906/9 A Capella Split

2.11. Daniel Sommer

2.11.1. Sand Creekism

2.11.1.1. Believed that the "Innovations" were sin/cause for disfellowship.

2.11.1.2. "Innovations"

2.11.1.2.1. Missionary society

2.11.1.2.2. Select choir

2.11.1.2.3. One man ministry

2.11.1.2.4. Fundraising

2.11.1.2.5. Creeds

2.11.2. Valued “pure church” over evangelism.

2.12. 1927 NACC (Independents)

2.13. P.H. Welshimer

2.13.1. Minister at FCC of Canton, OH (largest church)

2.13.2. Began the first “direct-support” missions

2.13.3. Direct-Support Missions

2.13.3.1. Missionaries directly supported by churches and held accountable to local church

2.14. 1968 Disciples Split

2.15. James D. Murch

2.15.1. Leader among the ICC (Boston Church)

2.15.2. Led the National Association of Evangelicals

2.16. Kevin Ray

2.16.1. founded Disciple Renewal

2.16.1.1. Reasons for the DR

2.16.1.1.1. Loss of Biblical Authority

2.16.1.1.2. Non-Biblical Christology

2.16.1.1.3. Non-Biblical Ethical View

2.16.1.1.4. Uncritical Ecumenical Involvement

2.16.1.1.5. Increasing Polarization

2.16.1.1.6. No Evangelical/Conservative Seminary

3. Philosophies

3.1. Evangelicalism

3.1.1. Emphasis on one’s personal relationship with Jesus Christ: the heart of the Gospel is “Do you know Christ as your personal Savior?”

3.1.2. National Association of Evangelicals

3.1.3. Boston Church (ICC)

3.1.3.1. Progressive in their worship and evangelism

3.1.3.2. Extremely conservative and exclusive and narrow in their theology

3.1.4. Billy Graham

3.1.5. Campus Crusade for Christ

3.2. Modernism

3.2.1. uncritical acceptance of higher criticism as the primary method of biblical interpretation

3.2.2. Herbert Willett

3.2.3. Edward S. Ames

3.3. Postmodernism

3.3.1. Shift from reason to mystery: the supernatural presence of Christ in the church through the Holy Spirit

4. Churches

4.1. A Capella Churches of Christ

4.1.1. A Capella means "according to the Church"

4.1.2. "Gospel Advocate"

4.1.2.1. Premier platform of influence within Churches of Christ

4.1.2.2. David Lipscomb

4.1.3. Beliefs

4.1.3.1. Blueprint Hermeneutic/Patternism

4.1.3.1.1. 2 Assumptions

4.1.3.1.2. CENI method

4.1.3.2. "where the NT is silent, we are silent"

4.1.3.3. No instruments in worship

4.1.3.3.1. no evidence of instruments in early church

4.1.3.3.2. Vocal music is more consistent with "in spirit and in truth"

4.1.3.3.3. early church fathers didn't sanction use of instruments

4.1.4. "Progressives"

4.1.4.1. Abandoned A Cappella, united more with the Independents

4.1.4.2. More open to a different way of thinking

4.2. Independant

4.2.1. Restoration Forum (unity)

4.2.2. Bible Colleges (instead of Board of Higher Education)

4.2.3. anti-UCMS

4.2.4. Beliefs

4.2.4.1. not "patternists"

4.2.4.2. "where the NT is silent, we infer"

4.2.5. "Restoration Herald"

4.2.5.1. 1930-50s – widely read in the Christian Churches

4.2.6. "Directory of Ministry" (instead of "Yearbook of Amer. Churches")

4.2.6.1. Annual listing of the 5,600 congregations/personnel choosing to be identified w/Independents

4.3. Disciples of Christ (denomination)

4.3.1. UCMS

4.3.2. Open Membership

4.3.3. Theological liberalism

4.3.4. Provisional Design

4.3.4.1. General

4.3.4.1.1. General Assembly

4.3.4.2. Regional

4.3.4.3. Local

4.3.5. Restructure

4.3.5.1. 1956: “Panel of Scholars” formed under the leadership of the UCMS and BCE 1958: “Council on Agencies” formed (primarily for communication) 1959: International Convention, Denver: “Resolution 52” urging cooperative strategies (“yes we should form a denomination”) 1960: International Convention, Louisville: establishment of the “Commission on Cooperative Police and Practice” and conversion of the “Panel of Scholars” into a 120-person “Commission on Brotherhood Restructure” 1961: Establishment of the “Christian Church Foundation for Unified Promotion” (raising money) 1963: “Panel of Scholars” publishes The Renewal of the Church (3 volumes) 1964: International Convention, Detroit: convention converted to a delegate assembly (final approval in 1966) 1966: International Convention, Dallas: “Provisional Design for the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)” presented 1967: International Convention, St. Louis: “Provisional Design” accepted 1968: The International Convention in Kansas City met officially as the “General Assembly” of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

4.3.6. "Panel of Scholars"

4.3.6.1. "Renewal of the Church"

4.3.6.1.1. They equate restorationism as “patternism”

4.3.6.1.2. They propose in its place, progressive ecclesiology – “you can’t set the church in the 1st Century – it has to move with the times.”

5. Events

5.1. Centennial Convention (1909)

5.1.1. Pinnacle of Restoration Movement

5.1.2. Celebration of the 100 year anniversary of “Declaration and Address”

5.1.3. Pittsburgh, PA

5.1.4. Huge communion service took place in the Forbes Field (20,000)

5.2. Splits

5.2.1. 1906/9 - A Capella Churches Split

5.2.2. 1927 - beginning of "Independents" (NACC)

5.2.2.1. Indianapolis

5.2.2.2. Churches that met began calling themselves “independents”

5.2.2.3. Began with the Restoration Congress

5.2.3. 1968 - "Disciples of Christ" become denomination