Simile- A Comparison of two unlike things using like or as.
Metaphor- A comparison of two unlike things by saying one is the other.
Personification- Gives human traits or qualities to nonhuman things.
Imagery- The use of words and phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses, usually in the form of a simile or metaphor, a.k.a. figures of speech hence figurative language as opposed to literal language.
Alliteration- The repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of two or more neighboring words.
Assonance- The repetition of vowel sounds in two or more neighboring words.
Onomatipoeia- Is a word that resembles the sound it represents.
antithesis-two words ,sentences or ideas are contrasted (for the children upstairs while we wait below)