INTRODUCTION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)

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INTRODUCTION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) by Mind Map: INTRODUCTION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT)

1. DEFINITION IT

1.1. the use of computer hardware and software to store,retrieve and manipulate information

2. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES

2.1. ADVANTAGES

2.1.1. Speed

2.1.2. consistency

2.1.3. reliability

2.1.4. communication

2.1.5. storage

2.2. DISADVANTAGES

2.2.1. violation of privacy

2.2.2. public safety

2.2.3. impact on labour force

2.2.4. health risk

2.2.5. impact on environment

3. APPLICATION OF IT

3.1. EDUCATION

3.1.1. learning management system (LMS)

3.1.2. computer based training

3.2. FINANCE

3.2.1. finance investment system

3.2.2. online banking

3.3. GOVERNMENT

3.3.1. E-filing

3.3.2. HRMIS

3.3.3. E-syariah

3.4. HEALTH CARE

3.4.1. medline

3.4.2. counter registration system

3.4.3. telemedicine

3.4.4. telesurgery

3.5. SCIENCE

3.5.1. virtual reality

3.5.2. hawk eye officiating system

3.5.3. neural network

3.6. PUBLISHING

3.6.1. online newspaper & online magazine

3.7. TRAVEL

3.7.1. global positioning system (GPS)

3.7.2. online reservation

3.7.3. E-ticketing

3.8. MANUFACTURING

3.8.1. computer-aided design

3.8.2. computer aided manufacturing

4. CATEGORIES OF COMPUTERS

4.1. supercomputer

4.1.1. fastest and most powerful computers. Capable to process more than one quadrillion instructions in a single second

4.2. mainftame

4.2.1. large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected user simultaneosly

4.3. personal computer

4.3.1. a computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output and storage activity

4.4. mobile computer & devices

4.4.1. personal computer that you can carry from place to place

4.5. embedded computers

4.5.1. special purpose computer that is function as a component in a larger product

5. CHARACTERISTICS & CAPABLITIES FOR DIFFERENT CATEGORIES

6. SUPERCOMPUTER

6.1. physical size

6.1.1. occupy a full room of equipment

6.2. speed

6.2.1. tens of thousands of processors

6.3. storage

6.3.1. extremely large storage(3.1 PETA BYTE)

7. MAINFRAME

7.1. physical size

7.1.1. occupy partial room to a full room equipment

7.2. speed

7.2.1. dozens of processors

7.3. storage

7.3.1. very large & addable storage(4.6 TERA BYTE)

8. PERSONAL COMPUTER

8.1. physical size

8.1.1. fits on a desk

8.2. speed

8.2.1. single processors(1.5-2.5 Ghz)

8.3. storage

8.3.1. large(500 GIGA BYTE)

9. MOBILE COMPUTER

9.1. physical size

9.1.1. fits on your lap or in hand

10. MOBILE DEVICES

10.1. physical size

10.1.1. fits in the palm of your hand or a pocket

11. EMBEDDED COMPUTERS

11.1. PHSICAL SIZE

11.1.1. miniature. it is a mounted on a circuit board and then installed in a machine or appliance using wires to carry input