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Malaria by Mind Map: Malaria
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Malaria

Defination

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease

Malaria is a chronic disease. It affects the humans through mosquitoes. Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium.

Treatments

Malaria can be effectively with one or more of the following medications:

• Chloroquine (Aralen)

• Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin)

• Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)

• Combination of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine (Fansidar)

• Mefloquine (Lariam)

• Combination of atovaquone and proguanil (Malarone)

• Doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin, others).

Artemisinin-derived medications: Another class of ant malarial drugs, often prescribed in Asia and now in other parts of the world, is derived from artemisinin, a sweet wormwood extract. Artesunate is an example of an artemisinin derivative.

A malarial drug (mefloquine) to prevent relapse and drug resistance

How to avoid it

use both mosquito repellent on the skin and mosquito netting over the head

especially near still pools of water around dawn and dusk

Effects

Kids

There are various causes for mental problems like learning problems, emotional, physical, sexual abuse or chronic neglect. It is charecterized by symptoms like not playing, not talking, self harm, constant crying, soiling

Women

run a higher risk to get it more severe

it effects in a pregnant women, an increase risk of disease and death, adverse impacts for their developing babies, Low birth weight, growth retardation, still births and death

only female moths can spread it

Diseases

Malaria is caused by four species of Plasmodium parasites

People get malaria after being bitten by a malaria-infected Anopheles mosquito

Malaria include fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea, anaemia, and jaundice

signs

Fever

Chills

Headache

muscle aches

tiredness

nausea

vomiting

diarrhoea

anaemia

jaundice

Symptoms

Fever of 106

Headaches

muscular pain

nausea

muscle aches

tiredness

chills

shaking chills