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Patient Symptoms by Mind Map: Patient Symptoms
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Patient Symptoms

Diagnostic Tests

adbominal x rays

abdominal ultrasound or CT scans

blood and urine tests

Diagnostic Tests

Blood tests

Transmission

Heriditary pancreatitis is a rare inherited condition that leads to attacks of acute pancreatitis. This can occur at any age.

Treatments

Type 1 diabetes: requirement of daily insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes: lifestyle change is necessary. But several different oral medications can be taken as well. Insulin injections are used only if oral medications prove inadequate.

Transmission

It appears that people who have family members who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk for developing it themselves. African Americans, Hispanic-Americans and Native Americans all have a higher than normal rate of type 2 diabetes. However this is not set in stone. Following a healthy lifestyle plays an important role in the diagnosis.

Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women. It begins when hormones from the placenta make the mother insulin resistant. Many women who have gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes years later. Their babies are also at some risk for developing diabetes later in life.

The Pancreas

endocrine tissue: secretes insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin into the blood stream through the islets of langerhan

exocrine tissue: secretes pancreatic juice that contains digestive enzymes into a network of ducts that join the main duct along the length of the pancreas

Treatments

A few days’ stay in the hospital for intravenous (IV) fluids, antibiotics, and medication to relieve pain will be required. The person cannot eat or drink so the pancreas can rest. If vomiting occurs, a tube may be placed through the nose and into the stomach to remove fluid and air. Unless complications arise, acute pancreatitis usually resolves in a few days. In severe cases, the person may require nasogastric feeding. This means a special liquid is given in a long, thin tube inserted through the nose and throat and into the stomach for several weeks while the pancreas heals.