Merchant of Venice By Andrew Kramer

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Merchant of Venice By Andrew Kramer by Mind Map: Merchant of Venice By Andrew Kramer

1. THEMES

1.1. 1.

1.1.1. Prejudice and hatred is cyclical and difficult to escape

1.1.1.1. Quote 1.

1.1.1.1.1. "If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility? Revenge. If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example? Why, revenge."

1.1.1.2. Quote 2.

1.1.1.2.1. "If every ducat in six thousand ducats were in six parts and every part a ducat I would not draw them; I would have my bond.

1.2. 2.

1.2.1. Mercy is a necessary quality and should be freely given

1.2.1.1. Quote 1.

1.2.1.1.1. "The quality of mercy is not strain'd (compelled/moved by force)"

1.2.1.2. Quote 2.

1.2.1.2.1. "Let me have judgement and the Jew his will"

1.3. 3.

1.3.1. Love and loyalty can be hard to overcome personal gain (money)

1.3.1.1. Quote 1.

1.3.1.1.1. "...Hath sent you this ring, and doth entreat your company at dinner."

1.3.1.2. Quote 2.

1.3.1.2.1. "I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love. I would she were in heaven so she could entreat some power to change this currish Jew.

2. ACTS

2.1. 1.

2.1.1. 1.

2.1.1.1. Antonio lost one of his ships, and his friends are trying to help him with whatever is making him sad.

2.1.2. 2.

2.1.2.1. Portia is forced to gain a husband through the methods from her father's will, and she doesn't like the ones that have been presented to her.

2.1.3. 3.

2.1.3.1. Bassanio is getting a loan from Shylock under Antonio's name, and Shylock does not like Antonio.

2.2. 2.

2.2.1. 1.

2.2.1.1. Portia is meeting her suitors and having them pick the caskets. (they do not succeed in marrying Portia)

2.2.2. 2.

2.2.2.1. Launcelot and Jessica run away from Shylock, and Launcelot decides to serve Bassanio.

2.2.3. 3.

2.2.3.1. Salanio and Salarino are talking to each other and describing how Shylock reacted to recent events (His daughter running away with his money)

2.3. 3.

2.3.1. 1.

2.3.1.1. Salanio and Salarino are talking again: Antonio lost his ships, and now he can't pay the bond (uh-oh)

2.3.2. 2.

2.3.2.1. Bassanio has come to Portia, and he picks the correct casket and marries Portia.

2.3.3. 3.

2.3.3.1. Shylock, Salarino, and Antonio are all discussing how Antonio's fate will play out.

2.3.4. 4.

2.3.4.1. Portia begins her plan for going to the courtroom disguised.

2.3.5. 5.

2.3.5.1. Jessica and Lorenzo are discussing their love for each other.

2.4. 4.

2.4.1. 1.

2.4.1.1. Antonio is in court, about to be killed by Shylock, and things aren't looking too great.

2.4.2. 2.

2.4.2.1. Portia, as a lawyer, seems to go against Antonio, but then ends up saving him.

2.4.3. 3.

2.4.3.1. Portia and Nerissa (in disguise as lawyers) steal their husband's rings.

2.5. 5.

2.5.1. 1.

2.5.1.1. Jessica and Lorenzo talk about their love, with and without music.

2.5.2. 2.

2.5.2.1. Bassanio, Gratiano, and Antonio get home, and their wives notice their missing rings (except Antonio)

2.5.3. 3.

2.5.3.1. The wives get angry and displeased, but then they reveal that they had the rings the entire time, and its happily ever after (except for Shylock).

2.6. 3 key events in your own words

2.7. SUMMARIZING

3. CHARACTERS

3.1. ANTONIO

3.2. SALARINO

3.3. SALANIO

3.4. BASSANIO

3.5. LORENZO

3.5.1. me

3.6. GRATIANO

3.7. PORTIA

3.8. NERISSA

3.9. SHYLOCK

4. VOCABULARY

4.1. Act I

4.1.1. 1.

4.1.1.1. Cur: Definition: An aggressive dog or one that is in poor condition Synonym: Mutt Sentence: "Someone needs to help that poor cur! If they don't, it will surely die one way or another."

4.1.2. 2.

4.1.2.1. Exhortation: Definition: an address or communication emphatically urging someone to so something. Synonym: Entreaty, sermon, encouragement, admonition Sentence: Everyone sat down, and one person read an exhortation on why we need to be helpful.

4.1.3. 3.

4.1.3.1. Shrive: Definition: hear the confession of, assign penance to, and absolve someone. Synonym: Purge, absolve, acquit, forgive, free, pardon, repent Sentence: The murderers crime was so large, he called for a priest to shrive his soul.

4.1.4. 4.

4.1.4.1. Unthrifty: Definition: Not using money and other resources carefully; wasteful Synonym: extravagant, heedless, imprudent, lavish, negligent, prodigal Sentence: I was so unthrifty, I walked into a store and bought everything I saw.

4.2. Act II

4.2.1. 1.

4.2.1.1. Preferment: Definition: Promotion or appointment to a position or office. Synonym: Advance, growth, improvement, upgrading Sentence: My dad's preferment was very exciting as well as it being a great help to our financial situation.

4.2.2. 2.

4.2.2.1. Martlet: Definition: A tiny swallow that prefers to build its nest on houses. Synonym: Swallow, bird (It's pretty specific, so it's only more general categories that it belongs to) Sentence: Every day, I write in my journal about the family of martlets in our rafters.

4.2.3. 3.

4.2.3.1. Ostent: Definition: The act of showing or displaying. Synonym: Appearance, manifestation Sentence: -Be merry and employ your chiefest thoughts to courtship and such fair ostents of love. -I ostent my determination and keep going.

4.2.4. 4.

4.2.4.1. Fife: Definition 1: A kind of small shrill flute used especially with the drum in military bands. Definition 2: A small transverse flute with six to eight finger holes and usually no keys. Synonym: Flute, piccolo, Sentence: The fife stood out against the rest of the winds and brass.

4.3. Act III

4.3.1. 1.

4.3.1.1. Engendered: Definition: Cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition) Synonym: Cause, produce, generate, create, induce Sentence: The issue engendered continuing controversy.

4.3.2. 2.

4.3.2.1. Lading: Definition: The action or process of loading a ship or other vessel with cargo, or a cargo. Synonym: Loading, Shipping, Load, Freight Sentence: Everybody loved the new crane because it was so good at lading heavy cargo.

4.3.3. 3.

4.3.3.1. Prodigal: Definition: -Spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant (Adjective) -Having or giving something on a lavish scale (Adjective) -A person who spends money in a recklessly extravagant way (Noun) Synonym: Spendthrift, extravagant, lavish, reckless, wanton Sentence: After I bought everything at the store, I was famously known as "The Neighborhood Prodigal."

4.3.4. 4.

4.3.4.1. Conceit: Definition: - Excessive pride in oneself (Noun) -A fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate metaphor (Noun) Synonym: Arrogance, pride, narcissism, pomposity, swagger Sentence: His conceit has earned him many enemies.

4.4. Act IV

4.4.1. 1.

4.4.1.1. O'erta'en: Definition: It's actually just short for overtaken, which means "Catch up and pass while traveling in the same direction." Synonym: outdistance, engulf, catch up with, beat, outdo, overwhelm Sentence: With the large rocking of the boat, seasickness had quickly overtaken the man.

4.4.2. 2.

4.4.2.1. Baned: Definition: -Forbid the public distribution of -prohibit especially by legal means or social pressure -expel from a community or group Synonym: Ban, expel, forbid, prohibit Sentence: The government had baned walking backwards because many people ended up getting ran over.

4.4.3. 3.

4.4.3.1. Currish: Definition: -Like a cur; snappish -Ignoble Synonym: Abhorrent, abominable, disgusting, hateful, odious, vile, worthlelss Sentence: I would she were in heaven so she could entreat some power to change this currish Jew.

4.4.4. 4.

4.4.4.1. Precedent: Definition: -An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances (noun) -preceding in time, order, or importance (adjective) Synonym: Criterion, antecedent, instance, model, paradigm Sentence: The burglar's actions could be explained by a precedent in their troublesome life.

4.5. Act V

4.5.1. 1.

4.5.1.1. Tucket: Definition: A flourish on a trumpet Synonym: Glissando, solo, signal Sentence: The tucket signaled to the castle the kings arrival.

4.5.2. 2.

4.5.2.1. Cherubins: Definition: a winged angelic being described in biblical tradition as attending on God. It is represented in ancient Middle Eastern art as a lion or bull with eagles' wings and a human face, and regarded in traditional Christian angelology as an angel of the second highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy (That was complicated: basically, they are small, childish angels. Or winged children. They're cute. etc.) Synonym: Baby, seraph, beautiful infant, small angel Sentence: The new tattoo trend is here: two cherubs and an unidentifiable wilted flower!

4.5.3. 3.

4.5.3.1. Stratagems: Definition: A plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end. Synonym: ploy, ruse, gimmick, subterfuge, wile, plan, plot, deception, artifice, brainchild, method, maneuver, setup, scheme Sentence: I tried a large variety of stratagems to get my cat into its kennel, but he was just to wise for all of them.

4.5.4. 4.

4.5.4.1. Manna: Definition: -[in the bible] the substance miraculously supplied as food to the Israelites in the wilderness -an unexpected or gratuitous benefit Synonym: gift, food, delicacy, boon Sentence: This isn't a sentence, but It reminds me of the "Manna-packs" at Feed My Starving Children.