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Locke's Goal Setting Theory: Understanding SMART Goal Setting by Mind Map: Locke
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Locke's Goal Setting Theory: Understanding SMART Goal Setting

An example of a slideshow presentation using the presentation mode of MindMeister.

Goal setting

Motivate yourself

Motivate others

Necessary for success

SMART Goals

Specific

Measurable

Attainable

Relevant

Time-bound

Links

Wikipedia

MindTools

Dr. Edwin Locke

Original research in 1960s

Employee motivation

Need clear goals

Need appropriate feedback

Leads to reached goals and performance (success)

Confirmed usefulness of SMART goal setting theory

Continues to influence goal setting & performance today

Links

Wikipedia

Locke's Website

Locke & Latham ('90): "Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance"

Goal Setting Theory

Clarity

Measurable & unambiguous

Clear & specific

Know what's expected

SMART, Specific, Measurable, Time-bound

Examples, Get 90% or higher on exam, Try hard; do your best

Challenge

Hard goals are more motivating than easy goals

Significance of anticipated accomplishment

Compensation; reward

Appropriate balance between challenging goal & realistic goal

SMART, Relevant, Attainable

Commitment

Understood & agreed upon

Involve employees in setting goals & making decisions

Not every goal has to be approved by employees, Goal consistent with overall purpose, In line with previous expectations, Person assigning goal is credible

Modified SMART, Realistic, Agreed

Feedback

Clarify expectations

Adjust goal difficulty

Gain recognition

Provide benchmarks, Regular progress reports, Especially important with long-term goals

SMART, Measurable

Task Complexity

Ensure that work doesn't become overwhelming, Enough time to learn what is expected, Sufficient time to meet goal

SMART, Attainable