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Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study) by Mind Map: Effective Learning Strategies 
(How to Study)
4.9 stars - 387 reviews range from 0 to 5

Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study)

Effective learning strategies that will help students learn HOW to learn. Current teaching emphasizes what (content) students need to learn. Little emphasis, if any, is placed on training students how they should go about learning and what skills will promote robust learning. Teaching students how to learn is as important as teaching them content. Only by teaching them how to learn will students become lifelong learners.

Active learning

Interact with information

Analogies

This is similar to that

Associate

Link new information to existing knowledge

Big picture

Overview

Details

Breakdown

Break skills into smart parts

Practice, measure, improve

Chunking

Grouping information

Concentrate

Stay focused

Pay attention

Connect information

Connect the dots

How does it all connect?

Build new knowledge on existing knowledge

Connect with others

Interact with others students

Group work

Teachers

Parents

Cram

Studying the night before

Deliberate practice

More info: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146%2Fannurev.psych.47.1.273 http://expertenough.com/1423/deliberate-practice http://calnewport.com/blog/2010/01/06/the-grandmaster-in-the- corner-office-what-the-study-of- chess-experts-teaches-us-about- building-a-remarkable-life/

Quality + Quantity

Highly structured

Improve performance

Requires

Focus

Effort

Time

Process

Motivated to improve performance

Build on existing knowledge

Immediate informative feedback on performance

Repeat until mastered, Not inherently enjoyable

Distributed practice

Spread out study sessions over time

Each subsequent phase reinforces the previous phase

Go back to what you don't understand

Don't cram

Longer intervals lead to longer retention

Elaborate

Work with extended information

Beyond class materials

Elaborative interrogation

Generate explanations

Why is this true?

Emotions

Heart

Feelings

Explain

Discuss with others

In your own words

Engaged

Interest

Curious

Critical thinking

Environment

Change study place

Slows down forgetting

Experience

Life is greatest teacher

Case studies

Feedback

See results of how you're learning

Adjust learning strategies based on feedback

Feynman Technique

More info: http://www.scotthyoung.com/learnonsteroids/grab/TranscriptFeynman.pdf

1. Explain idea as if teaching another student

2. If stuck, go back to reference materials and relearn

3. Explain idea again

4. Explanations simple as possible

Filter

Choose important concepts

Eliminate the fluff

Flash cards

See practice testing

Flash cards

Quizlet

StudyBlue

FlashCardMachine

Hierarchies

Recognize different levels of information

Highlighting/ underlining

Mark important text

Difficult to make connections

Imagery for text

Form mental images of text

Inquire

Key questions & key concepts

Critical thinking

Insightful

New ideas

New understanding

Deep understanding

Creative

Unique

Interleaved practice

Different kinds of materials

Intent

Passion for subject

Determined to remember

Determined to learn

Key concepts

What's important?

Key questions

Inquiry-based learning

Purposeful

Keyword mnemonic

Keywords

Mental imagery

Logical

Sound reasoning

Part makes sense in the whole

Meaningful

Does it make sense to you?

Learn from general to specific

Start with outline

Add details

Organize

Structure information

Arrange and rearrange

Mnemonics

Visuals

Connections

Paraphrase

Your own words

Reflect

Process information in your own way

What you know about what you know

How you learn

Practice testing

Self-testing

Practice tests

Practice recall

Helps with future retrieval

Retain and recall

Recall information

Recreate mind map

Spaced repetition

See distributed practice

Rereading

Restudying material after initial reading

Review and reinforce

How much have you learned?

What needs additional work?

Self-explanation

Explaining how new information is related to known information

Explaining steps taken during problem solving

Simulate

Practice with new problems

Declarative knowledge (facts)

Procedural knowledge (process)

Student-directed

You're in charge of your own learning

Responsibility

Control of your learning

Subconscious

Sleep on it

Revisit later

Thinking "to go"

Summarization

Condense text

Capture important ideas

Teach

You colleagues

Other students

Think

While learning

About what you're learning

About how you're learning

Verbalize

Condense data into key concepts

Translate to your own words

Visualize

Pictures, colors, cartoons

Diagrams, charts, graphs

Bizzare visualizations/associations

Videos

Supplement reading materials with videos

Legend

Highly effective

Robust

Generalize widely

Moderately effective

Shows promise but insufficient evidence

Works for some people

Low effectiveness

Low utility

Resources

Blogs

Toni Krasnic, 5Ps of CLM, 1. Preview, Look at the big picture before you get into details, What do you already know about this topic?, 2. Participate, In class, Learning communities, 3. Process, Connect all information so it makes sense, 4. Practice, New problems, Practice tests, 5. Produce, New ideas, Apply what you've learned to real life, Lifelong learning

Cal Newport

Annie Murphy Paul

Scott H Young

Articles

Strengthening the Student Toolbox (Dunlosky)

Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques (Dunlosky et al.)

Books

Write

Write down what you've learned

Writing challenges you to organize your thoughts