BIPOLAR DISORDER

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BIPOLAR DISORDER by Mind Map: BIPOLAR DISORDER

1. 1. DEFINITION

1.1. Lifelong illness

1.1.1. Episodes of mania and depression come back over time

1.2. Causes shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

1.2.1. depressive episodes

1.2.1.1. Very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods

1.2.2. Manic episodes

1.2.2.1. periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior

1.2.2.2. severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

1.3. Brain disorder

2. 2. CAUSES

2.1. Family History

2.1.1. Children with a parent or sibling who has bipolar disorder are much more likely to develop the illness, compared with children who do not have a family history of the disorder

2.2. Brain Structure and Functioning

2.2.1. The brains of people with bipolar disorder may differ from the brains of healthy people or people with other mental disorders

2.3. Genetics

2.3.1. People with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others

3. 4. CONSEQUENCES

3.1. Psychological

3.1.1. During mania / hypomania

3.1.1.1. Hallucinations

3.1.1.2. Intense anxiety, agitation, aggression, paranoia

3.1.1.3. Heightened mood

3.1.1.4. Obsessive worried thoughts and feelings

3.1.1.5. Delusions

3.1.2. During depressive episodes

3.1.2.1. Prolonged sadness

3.1.2.2. Pessimism, indifference

3.1.2.3. Feeling helpless, hopeless and worthless; feelings of guilt

3.1.2.4. Inability to concentrate, indecisiveness

3.1.2.5. Thoughts of death and suicide

3.2. Physical

3.2.1. Hyperactivity

3.2.2. Changes in appetite and sleep patterns

3.2.3. Social withdrawal

3.2.4. Trouble breathing

3.2.5. Loss of energy

3.2.6. Unexplained crying

3.2.7. Weight gain

4. 6. MY ADVICE

4.1. My advice is for people who know someone with this disease, I encourage them to not take exclusive actions, because that kind of behavior can affect them more. I also recommend to the people who are suffering from this disorder to not stop going to the doctor, because it will help them to manage the disorder, and do what the doctor says, from taking the medications to going to the corresponding therapies.

5. 7. GLOSSARY

5.1. Hallucinations

5.1.1. A profound distortion in a person's perception of reality, typically accompanied by a powerful sense of reality

5.2. Patterns

5.2.1. Is the repeated or regular way in which something happens or is done.

5.3. Anxiety

5.3.1. An uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening or might happen in the future

5.4. Mood

5.4.1. A state or quality of feeling at a particular time

5.5. Sibling

5.5.1. A person's brother or sister

5.6. Atypical

5.6.1. Different from all others of the same type

5.7. Withdrawal

5.7.1. The act of taking back or away something that has been granted or possessed

6. 8. REFERENCES

6.1. the definition of mood

6.2. Pattern definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

6.3. Definition of Hallucination

6.4. Effects of Bipolar Disorder | HealthyPlace

6.5. atypical Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

6.6. Sibling definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

6.7. Definition of WITHDRAWAL

6.8. NIMH » Bipolar Disorder

7. 3. SYMPTOMS

7.1. Episode with mixed features

7.1.1. Sometimes a episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive episodes

7.1.1.1. People experiencing an episode with mixed features may feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, while at the same time feeling extremely energized

7.2. Mood episodes

7.2.1. Changes in sleep patterns and activity levels

7.2.2. Periods of unusually intense emotion

7.2.3. Unusual behaviors

7.3. Extreme changes in energy, activity, and sleep go along with mood episodes.

8. 5. TREATMENTS

8.1. Combination of medication

8.1.1. Mood stabilizers

8.1.2. Atypical antipsychotics

8.1.3. Antidepressants

8.2. Psychotherapy (talk therapy)

8.2.1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

8.2.2. Family-focused therapy

8.2.3. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

8.2.4. Psychoeducation