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1. Converging

1.1. Thicker in middle

2. Critical Angle

2.1. Sin C= 1/N(refractive index)

3. Point on the principal axis,to which an incident beam parallel to the principal axis is made to converge

4. Law of reflection

5. Convection

5.1. Happens In liquid or gas only

5.1.1. Distance between particles increases

5.1.2. The material become less dense

5.1.3. Less dense martial move upwards to form convection current

6. KInematics

6.1. Quantities

6.1.1. Scalar Distance/Speed

6.1.2. Vector Displacement/Velocity/Acceleration

6.2. Equations

6.2.1. Speed

6.2.2. Average speed

6.2.3. Acceleration

6.3. Graph

6.3.1. Distance-time Find distance travelled Y-axis value Find speed Gradient

6.3.2. Speed-time Find distance travelled Area under the graph Find speed Y-axis value Find acceleration Gradient

7. Thermal Physics

7.1. Kinetic Particle Theory

7.1.1. Structure of solid liquid and gas Arrangement of particles Distance between particles Forces between particles

7.1.2. Property of solid liquid and gas

7.2. Heat Transfer

7.2.1. Conduction Use particle theory to explain conduction Particle of hot substance vibrate faster Collide into neighboring particles Kinetic energy is transferred Metal has free electron Good conductor

7.2.2. Radiation Infra-red part of electromagnetic spectrum Factors affecting radiation Surface temperature Surface area Surface color and texture

7.3. thermal Property

7.3.1. Change of state Boiling and evaporation Difference Condensation Vapour-Water Melting Solid-Water Freezing Water-Solid Sublimation Solid-vapour

7.3.2. Heating and cooling curve S, S+L, L, L+G, G Boiling and melting point

8. Wave Physics

8.1. Basic Wave Concepts

8.1.1. Types of Wave Transverse Electromagnetic Waves Ocean Waves Longitudinal Sound

8.1.2. Wave components Amplitude Wavelength Frequency Period

8.1.3. Wave Equations Frequency = 1/Period Speed of wave = Frequency * Wavelength

8.1.4. Graph of wave Displacement/Position Graph Y-axis is displacement X-axis is position (distance) Wavelength and amplitude can be found on the graph Period and frequency cannot be found on the graph Displacement/Time graph Y-axis is Displacement X-axis is Time Amplitude, Period and Frequency can be found from the graph Wavelength cannot be found from this graph

8.2. Light

8.2.1. Property of light Transverse Wave Part of the Electromagnetic Wave Travels in Straight line Speed of light in vacuum Property of image Real/Virtual Upright/Inverted Magnified/Diminished

8.2.2. Reflection Regular/Diffused reflection Angles, incident/reflected ray, Normal Ray diagram for mirror reflection Ray from Object to mirror Draw normal line Use law of reflection to draw reflected ray repeat for a differnt incident ray extend the reflected ray backward to find image Property of image from mirror

8.2.3. Refraction Angles, incident/refracted ray, Normal Refractive index n=sin i / sin r Law of refraction Less dense to more dense n = c / v More dense to less dense Ray diagram for refraction Total internal reflection Conditions Ray diagram

8.2.4. lenses Ray Diagram Property of images Uses Diverging Thinner in middle Terms Principal axis Optical centre,C Principal focus,F Focal length,f Focal plane

8.3. Sound

8.3.1. Propagation of sound

8.3.2. Speed of sound in different media

8.3.3. Echo/sound calculation

8.3.4. Pitch and loudness graph

8.4. Electromagnetic Wave

8.4.1. Name/order GXUVIMR

8.4.2. Uses

9. Basic Physics

9.1. Physical Quantities

9.1.1. Scalar Unit Magnitude

9.1.2. Vector Unit Magnitude Direction

9.1.3. Base Quantities Length Mass Time Temperature Current Amount of substance Luminous Intensity

9.1.4. Base Units Metre Kilogram Second Degree Kelvin Ampere Mole Candela

9.2. Measurements

9.2.1. Length Vernier Calpers Micrometer Screw Gauge

9.2.2. Time Measurement of Period of pendulum

9.3. Vector Diagrams

9.3.1. Scale of diagram Large scale for accurate graph

9.3.2. Drawing of Vectors Direction is important (arrows)

9.3.3. Parallelogram

9.3.4. Resultant Vector Direction is important (arrows)

9.3.5. Use Scale to find magnitude