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1. Behaviorism

1.1. Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.

1.1.1. Iván Pávlov Classical conditional

1.1.2. B.F Skinner Operant Conditional

2. Cognitivism

2.1. Cognitivism is the study in psychology that focuses on mental processes, including how people perceive, think, remember, learn, solve problems, and direct their attention to one stimulus rather than another.

2.1.1. Cognitivism Cognitivism

3. Social Learning Theory

3.1. Social Learning theory is a theory of learning and social behavior which proposes that new behaviors can be acquired by observing and imitating others.

3.1.1. Vygotsky social learning

4. Social Constructivism

4.1. Social constructivism is a sociological theory of knowledge according to which human development is socially situated and knowledge is constructed through interaction with others.

4.1.1. Piaget Social Contructivism

5. Brain- Based Learning

5.1. Brain-based learning refers to teaching methods, lesson designs, and school programs that are based on the latest scientific research about how the brain learns, including such factors as cognitive development—how students learn differently as they age, grow, and mature socially, emotionally, and cognitively.

5.1.1. David A. Sousa Brain-Based learning. Brain-Based Learning

6. Multiple Intelligences

6.1. The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited.

6.1.1. Howard Gardner Multiples intelligences