Chapter 1: Curriculum Ideologies

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Chapter 1: Curriculum Ideologies by Mind Map: Chapter 1: Curriculum Ideologies

1. Introduction

1.1. This book covers American education and beliefs toward curriculum

1.1.1. Take the survey in the Appendix before continuing on with the book!

1.2. There are four visions of schooling and curriculum ideologies that have proved to benefit student learning.

1.2.1. However, with four different schools of thought, it is difficult for everyone to agree - the author describes these disputes as wars

2. Scholar Academic Ideology

2.1. The purpose of education is for students to learn the accumulated knowledge of their culture.

2.1.1. Academia is seen as a hierarchy of people in search of knowledge and truth. Scholars>Teachers of Truth>Learners of Truth

2.2. Teachers are mini scholars with a deep understanding of their content

2.2.1. They aim to introduce students to their discipline and move them up on the hierarchy.

3. Social Efficiency Ideology

3.1. The purpose of education is to meet the needs of society by training students to be well-rounded citizens.

3.1.1. Their goal is to prepare students for the workplace and how to contribute to society.

3.2. Instruction is based on behavioral objectives and practice in order to gain mastery of skills.

3.2.1. Educators need to determine the needs of society.

3.3. Learning takes place within a cause/effect, action/reaction, stimulus/response context.

3.4. 3 important aspects

3.4.1. Concept of learning

3.4.2. Creation and pace of learning experiences

3.4.3. Accountability

4. Learner Centered Ideology

4.1. The purpose of education is to meet the needs of individuals - not society as a whole

4.1.1. Schools should be an enjoyable place where students can learn based on their unique attributes.

4.2. The concept of growth is incredibly important to the learner.

4.2.1. Education involves encouraging the inherent capabilities of the learner.

4.2.2. Growth lies within people - we need to learn how students do this differently.

4.3. Educators need to create environments that foster individual growth and contain interactions with other students, teachers, and ideas as the student constructs meaning for themselves.

5. Social Reconstruction Ideology

5.1. Educators are aware of social injustices

5.1.1. Stemming from racial, gender, social, and economical inequalities.

5.2. Education should facilitate the construction of a better society that benefits all members

5.2.1. Education is a social process and can change society

5.3. Our current society is unhealthy>envision what a better world would look like>take action to reconstruct according to the vision

5.4. There is no good individual, education, truth, or knowledge apart from the conception of a good society.

6. Curriculum Workers

6.1. Curriculum Practitioners: Classroom teachers and building administrators who make curriculum adjustments to meet state and national standards.

6.2. Curriculum Disseminators: A textbook salesperson, a subject matter specialist, a workshop leader - a professional who explains how to implement the curriculum.

6.3. Curriculum Evaluators: Curriculum development group, private testing center, a publishing agency - collect and assess data to report curriculum effectiveness.

6.4. Curriculum Advocates: Educators and members of the general public who try to influence what should be taught in school.

6.5. Curriculum Developers: Creators of curriculum for others to use.

6.6. Curriculum Theorists: These people examine the philosophical and ideological reasoning behind the curriculum.