Congestive Heart Failure

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Congestive Heart Failure by Mind Map: Congestive Heart Failure

1. Pathophysiology

1.1. systole

1.1.1. enlargement ventricles

1.1.2. pumps less 40% blood

1.2. diastole

1.2.1. Shift ventricles

1.2.2. cuts 60% of bloods

1.2.3. pumps less than normal

1.3. peripheral

1.3.1. Activation of renal-adrenal system

1.3.2. Activation of Cardiac Rns

1.4. enlargement

2. Clinical Features

2.1. Left Ventricle

2.1.1. Cough

2.1.1.1. Mucus/blood

2.1.1.2. impaired left ventricle systolic function has an overall burden

2.1.2. decreased urine production

2.1.3. fatigue/weakness

2.1.4. Shortness of breath

2.1.5. heart palpitations

2.2. right ventricle

2.2.1. swelling of feet/ankles

2.2.2. excessive urination

2.2.3. irregular fast heart beat

2.2.4. pronounced neck veins

3. Prevetion

3.1. Primary

3.1.1. Decrease the rate of incidence

3.1.2. improvement in medical care

3.1.3. Healthy lifestyle/habits

3.1.4. avoid illegal drugs

3.2. Secondary

3.2.1. Consult a Dr.

3.2.1.1. proper physical activity

3.2.1.2. on-going care/ and treatment

3.2.2. Avoid drinking alcohol

3.2.3. treatment of hypertension, heart disease, abnormal heart rhythm, etc.

3.2.3.1. Antiarrhythmic therapy

3.3. Tertiary

3.3.1. Avoid heart workload

3.3.2. Take your required medicine

3.3.3. rehabilitation

3.3.4. reduce risk factors

4. Treatment

4.1. Surgical

4.1.1. Valve replacement

4.1.2. Ventricular reconstructive surgery

4.1.3. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

4.2. Non-Surgical

4.2.1. ACE inhibitors

4.2.2. Heart Transplant

4.2.3. Angiontensin II receptor blockers

4.2.4. Diuretics

5. Etiology (cause)

5.1. leaky (narrow heart vavle

5.2. heart attack

5.3. Heart Valve Disease

5.4. Abnormal Heart Rhythm

5.5. Hypertension

5.6. Other:

5.6.1. Hyperthyroidism

5.6.2. Hypothyroidism

5.6.3. Emphysema

5.6.4. Severe Anemia

5.7. Coronary Artery Disease