Building Science

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Building Science by Mind Map: Building Science

1. Engineering

1.1. UNIT 2: BUILDING STRUCTURES

1.1.1. Forces & Loads

1.1.1.1. Tension, compression, shear, bending & torsion

1.1.1.2. Dead, live & environmental loads

1.1.2. Building Geometry

1.1.2.1. Design to resist loads

1.1.3. Structural Systems

1.1.3.1. Design achievements & failures

1.2. UNIT 10: HVAC SYSTEMS

1.2.1. The Refrigeration Cycle

1.2.1.1. Refrigerant

1.2.1.1.1. CFCs

1.2.1.2. Evaporator

1.2.1.3. Compressor

1.2.1.4. Condenser

1.2.1.5. Expansion Valve

1.2.2. Systems

1.2.2.1. Heating/Cooling

1.2.2.1.1. All-air Systems

1.2.2.1.2. Air-water Systems

1.2.2.1.3. Hydronic systems

1.2.2.1.4. Steam systems

1.2.2.2. Ventilation

1.2.2.2.1. Mechanical

1.2.2.3. Distribution

1.2.2.3.1. Terminal units

1.2.2.3.2. Ductwork

1.2.2.3.3. Piping

1.2.2.4. "Green" HVAC Systems

1.2.3. Controls & Testing

1.2.3.1. Control equipment wiring

1.2.3.2. Testing

1.2.3.3. Adjusting

1.2.3.4. Balancing

1.2.4. "Green" HVAC Systems/Equipment

1.2.4.1. LEED

1.2.4.1.1. Rating system

1.2.5. "Whole Building Approach"

1.2.5.1. High Performance Building

1.2.5.2. Durability

1.2.5.3. Life-cycle Performance

1.2.5.4. Occupant Productivity

1.2.5.5. Energy efficiency

1.2.5.6. Accessibility

1.2.5.7. Aesthetics

1.2.5.8. Life-cycle costs

1.2.5.9. Functionality

1.2.5.10. Historic Preservation

1.2.5.11. Productivity

1.2.5.12. Security/Safety

1.2.5.13. Sustainability

1.2.6. Maintenance

1.2.6.1. Control settings

1.2.6.2. Electrical connections

1.2.6.3. Inspection of parts

1.2.6.4. Cleaning

1.2.6.5. Refrigerant

1.3. UNIT 11: PLUMBING SYSTEMS

1.3.1. DWV

1.3.1.1. Fixtures

1.3.1.2. Gravity-driven

1.3.1.3. Pressure

1.3.1.4. Proper venting

1.3.1.5. Traps

1.3.1.5.1. Sewer gases

1.3.1.6. Pipe & Fittings

1.3.2. "Green" Plumbing Systems/Equipment

1.3.2.1. LEED

1.3.2.1.1. Rating system

1.3.3. "Whole Building Approach"

1.3.4. Maintenance

1.3.4.1. Leaks

1.3.4.2. Corrosion

1.3.4.3. Water Pressure

1.3.4.4. Valves

1.3.4.5. Water Heaters

1.3.4.6. Drains

1.3.4.7. Backflow testing

1.4. UNIT 12: ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

1.4.1. Electrical Distribution

1.4.1.1. Components

1.4.1.1.1. Grounding requirements

1.4.2. "Green" Electrical Systems/Equipment

1.4.2.1. LEED

1.4.2.1.1. Rating system

1.4.3. "Whole Building Approach"

1.5. Civil Engineering

1.5.1. Utility Infrastructure

2. Construction

2.1. MANDATORY UNIT 1: CONSTRUCTION SAFETY (ALL NEW STUDENTS MUST DO THIS UNIT FIRST)

2.1.1. OSHA Regulations

2.1.1.1. Construction Hazards

2.1.1.1.1. Electrical shock

2.1.1.1.2. Fire

2.1.1.1.3. "Struck-by", "caught-in" & "caught-between"

2.1.1.1.4. Concrete & masonry hazards

2.1.1.1.5. Steel erection hazards

2.1.1.2. PPE

2.1.1.2.1. Noise

2.1.1.2.2. Airborne contaminants

2.1.1.2.3. Other hazards

2.1.1.3. Ladders & Scaffolds

2.1.1.3.1. Fall protection

2.1.1.3.2. Ladder selection, inspection & maintenance

2.1.1.3.3. Proper scaffold erection & training

2.1.1.4. Tools

2.1.1.4.1. Hand & power tool safety

2.1.1.4.2. Welding & cutting safety

2.2. UNIT 4: FRAMING

2.2.1. Wood

2.2.1.1. Balloon Framing

2.2.1.1.1. Western Platform Framing

2.2.2. Steel

2.2.2.1. Structural Steel

2.2.2.1.1. Wall Assemblies

2.2.2.1.2. Floor Assemblies

2.2.2.1.3. Roof Assemblies

2.2.2.2. Light-gauge

2.2.2.3. Prefabricated

2.2.3. Reinforced Concrete

2.2.3.1. In-situ

2.2.3.1.1. Wall Assemblies

2.2.3.1.2. Floor Assemblies

2.2.3.1.3. Roof Assemblies

2.2.3.2. Precast

2.3. UNIT 13: OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

2.3.1. MEP Operations

2.3.1.1. Tenant habits/behavior

2.3.1.2. Efficiency

2.3.1.3. Maintenance

2.3.1.4. Troubleshooting & Repairs

2.3.2. IAQ

2.3.3. Waste Management

2.3.3.1. CFL disposal

2.3.3.1.1. Mercury concerns

2.3.4. Integrated Pest Management

2.3.4.1. IPM Process

2.3.4.2. Methods

2.3.4.2.1. Biological Control

2.3.4.2.2. Cultural Controls

2.3.4.2.3. Mechanical and Physical Controls

2.3.4.2.4. Chemical Controls

2.3.5. "Green" Cleaning

2.3.5.1. Ingredients

2.3.5.2. Techniques

2.3.5.3. Manufacture of cleaners

2.3.5.4. Product Labeling/Certifications

2.4. UNIT 14: BUILDING PERFORMANCE

2.4.1. Building Envelope

2.4.1.1. Thermal Performance

2.4.1.2. Moisture Protection

2.4.1.2.1. Flood Protection

2.4.1.2.2. Mold Protection

2.4.1.3. Fire Safety

2.4.1.4. Acoustics

2.4.1.5. Daylighting and Views

2.4.1.6. Durability

2.4.1.6.1. Wind Protection

2.4.1.6.2. Seismic Protection

2.4.2. Water Conservation

2.4.2.1. Methods

2.4.2.2. Technology

2.4.2.3. Improve water quality

2.4.2.4. Graywater recycling & Rainwater Harvesting

2.4.2.5. FEMP Best Practices

2.4.3. Energy Conservation

2.4.3.1. Reduce demand through passive strategies

2.4.3.2. Install efficient HVAC and lighting

2.4.3.3. Renewable energy sources

2.4.3.4. Use energy modeling during design

2.4.3.5. Sensors

2.4.3.6. Commissioning

2.4.4. Auditing, Commissioning & Retrofitting

2.4.4.1. Energy Audits

2.4.4.1.1. Blower Door Test

2.4.4.2. Commissioning

2.4.4.3. Retro-commissioning

2.4.4.3.1. Retrofits

3. Architecture

3.1. UNIT 3: BUILDING MATERIALS

3.1.1. Material Selection

3.1.1.1. Human & Environmental Health

3.1.1.2. Cost

3.1.2. IEQ

3.1.2.1. IEG Factors

3.1.2.2. Sources/Causes

3.1.2.2.1. Solutions

3.1.3. Demolition, Deconstruction & Salvaging

3.1.3.1. Deconstruction Hazards

3.1.3.1.1. Lead

3.1.3.1.2. Asbestos

3.1.3.1.3. Mold

3.1.3.1.4. Oil Tanks

3.1.4. Life Cycle Analysis

3.1.4.1. Embodied Energy

3.1.4.2. Impacts

3.1.4.3. Interpreting results to affect change

3.1.5. Industrial Symbiosis

3.1.5.1. Environmental impacts

3.1.5.2. Harmonization of technologies and processes

3.1.5.3. Waste treatment technologies

3.1.5.4. Business models and coordination businesses/industries

3.2. UNIT 5: INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN

3.2.1. Thermal Comfort

3.2.1.1. 6 Components

3.2.2. Site Analysis

3.2.2.1. Context

3.2.2.1.1. Location

3.2.2.1.2. Zoning

3.2.2.1.3. Cultural Aspects

3.2.2.2. Topography

3.2.2.2.1. Trees

3.2.2.2.2. Rocks

3.2.2.2.3. Water Features

3.2.2.2.4. Drainage

3.2.2.3. Circulation

3.2.2.3.1. Pedestrian

3.2.2.3.2. Vehicular

3.2.2.4. Utilities

3.2.2.4.1. Electricity

3.2.2.4.2. Natural Gas

3.2.2.4.3. Water

3.2.2.4.4. Sewer

3.2.2.4.5. Telephone/Internet

3.2.2.5. Climate

3.2.2.5.1. Solar Path

3.2.2.5.2. Temperatures

3.2.2.5.3. Precipitation

3.2.2.5.4. Wind

3.2.2.6. Sensory

3.2.2.6.1. Views

3.2.2.6.2. Dayllight

3.2.2.6.3. Noise

3.2.3. Systems Integration

3.2.3.1. Integrated flooring

3.2.3.2. Integrated roof

3.2.3.3. Integrated light/day-lighting/envelope

3.2.3.4. Integrated MEP

3.2.4. Passive Solar Design

3.2.4.1. 5 Design Elements

3.2.4.1.1. Heating

3.2.4.1.2. Cooling

3.2.5. Net Zero

3.2.5.1. Energy harvesting/production

3.2.5.2. Utilities

3.3. UNIT 9: HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING ENVELOPE

3.3.1. Hierarchy of Wall layers

3.3.1.1. Rain Control

3.3.1.2. Air Control

3.3.1.3. Vapor Control

3.3.1.3.1. Vapor barrier issues

3.3.1.4. Thermal Control

3.3.2. Insulation

3.3.2.1. R-value

3.3.2.2. Type

3.3.3. Air & Duct Sealing

3.3.3.1. Identifying trouble spots

3.3.3.2. Sealing methods

3.3.4. High-performance windows

3.3.4.1. R-value

3.3.4.2. Thermal breaks

3.3.4.3. # of panes

3.3.4.4. Low-E

3.3.4.5. Cost

4. Applied Sciences

4.1. Physics

4.1.1. UNIT 7: BUILDING THERMODYNAMICS

4.1.1.1. Laws of Thermodynamics

4.1.1.1.1. Heat Transfer

4.1.1.1.2. Heat Gain/Loss

4.1.1.2. Insulation

4.1.1.2.1. R-value

4.1.2. UNIT 8: AIR & MOISTURE MOVEMENT

4.1.2.1. Airflow

4.1.2.1.1. Stack Effect

4.1.2.1.2. Wind Effect

4.1.2.1.3. Mechanical Effect

4.1.2.1.4. Tight Buildings

4.1.2.2. Moisture Transport

4.1.2.2.1. Temperature, humidity & condensation

4.1.2.2.2. Bulk Moisture

4.1.2.2.3. Moisture Diffusion

4.1.2.2.4. Controlling moisture

4.2. Earth Science

4.2.1. The Water Cycle

4.2.2. Soil Science

4.2.3. Climate Science

4.2.4. Oceanography

4.2.5. Seismology

4.3. Biology

4.3.1. Ecosystems

4.3.1.1. Biodiversity

4.4. Environmental Science

4.4.1. Fundamental Issues

4.4.1.1. Triple Bottom Line

4.4.1.2. Natural Resource Extraction

4.4.1.2.1. Pollution

4.4.2. Water

4.4.2.1. Potable Water Shortage

4.4.2.1.1. Water Conservation

4.4.2.2. Wastewater Management

4.4.3. Energy

4.4.3.1. Fossil Fuels

4.4.3.1.1. Energy Conservation

4.4.4. Urban Planning, Transportation & Infrastructure

4.4.4.1. Land Use Planning

4.4.4.1.1. Suburban Sprawl

4.4.4.2. Transportation Modes & Systems

4.4.4.2.1. Fuels

4.4.5. Waste Management

4.4.5.1. The Waste Stream

4.4.5.2. Consumerism

4.4.5.3. Life Cycle Analysis

4.4.5.3.1. Cradle-to-Cradle

4.4.6. Health, Food & Agriculture

4.4.6.1. Food Systems

4.4.6.1.1. Food Deserts

4.4.6.1.2. Prosessed Foods

4.4.6.2. Agricultural Practices

4.4.6.2.1. Industrial Farming

4.4.6.2.2. Organic Farming

4.4.6.2.3. Permaculture

4.4.6.2.4. Urban Agriculture

4.5. Economics

4.5.1. MANDATORY UNIT 6: COLLEGE & CAREER PLANNING (DO THIS UNIT AT THE END OF 10TH GRADE)

4.5.1.1. Self-discovery/Career

4.5.1.1.1. Skills + Passions =

4.5.1.1.2. Goal-setting

4.5.1.2. College Planning

4.5.1.2.1. Application Process

4.5.1.2.2. Financial Aid

4.5.1.2.3. College Life

4.5.2. MANDATORY UNIT 15: FINANCIAL LITERACY (DO THIS UNIT RIGHT BEFORE YOU GRADUATE)

4.5.2.1. Personal Budget

4.5.2.1.1. Long-term Financial Goals

4.5.2.1.2. Debt

4.5.2.1.3. Renting/Owning

4.5.2.1.4. Taxes

4.5.2.1.5. Insurance

4.6. Geometry

4.6.1. Area

4.6.2. Load Capacity

4.6.3. Volume

4.7. History

4.7.1. "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson

4.7.2. Cuyahoga River Fire

4.8. Sociology

4.8.1. Real estate "Red-lining"

4.8.2. White Flight

4.8.3. Environmental Injustice

4.9. Health

4.9.1. Bioaccumulation

4.9.1.1. Disease

4.10. Public Policy

4.10.1. Environmental Regulations