HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN (Present Simple)

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HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN (Present Simple) by Mind Map: HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN (Present Simple)

1. ĐỘNG TỪ "To be"

1.1. Khẳng Định

1.1.1. S + Is/am/are ...

1.1.1.1. I + am

1.1.1.1.1. I am a student

1.1.1.2. She/He/It + Is

1.1.1.2.1. She is a nurse

1.1.1.3. We/They/You... + Are

1.1.1.3.1. We are the children

1.2. Phủ Định

1.2.1. S + is/am/are + not ...

1.2.1.1. I + am not

1.2.1.1.1. I am not a student

1.2.1.2. She/He/It + is not

1.2.1.2.1. He isn't a doctor

1.2.1.3. We/They/You + are not

1.2.1.3.1. We aren't eat pinapple

1.3. Nghi Vấn

1.3.1. Yes-No Question (Câu hỏi ngắn)

1.3.1.1. Q: Am/Is/Are (not) + S + ... ?

1.3.1.1.1. A: Yes, S + is/am/are ...

1.3.1.1.2. A: No, S + is/am/are not

1.3.2. Wh-question (Câu hỏi có từ để hỏi)

1.3.2.1. Wh + am/ are/ is (not) + S + ….?

1.3.2.1.1. Where are you from?

1.3.2.1.2. What are you doing?

1.3.2.1.3. Why not?

2. ĐỘNG TỪ THƯỜNG

2.1. Khẳng định

2.1.1. S + V1/s/es + ……

2.1.1.1. We, You, They + V (nguyên thể)

2.1.1.1.1. We eat Phở Noodle

2.1.1.2. He, She, It + V (s/es)

2.1.1.2.1. He often plays soccer.

2.2. Phủ Định

2.2.1. S + don't/doesn't + V1+ ...

2.2.1.1. He doesn’t often play soccer.

2.3. Nghi Vấn

2.3.1. Yes – No question (Câu hỏi ngắn)

2.3.1.1. Do/ Does (not) + S + V(ng.thể)..?

2.3.1.1.1. A: Yes, S + do/ does.

2.3.1.1.2. A: No, S + don’t/ doesn’t.

2.3.2. Wh- questions (Câu hỏi có từ để hỏi)

2.3.2.1. Wh + do/ does(not) + S + V(nguyên thể)….?

2.3.2.1.1. Where do you come from?

3. Cách thêm s/es

3.1. Thêm s vào đằng sau hầu hết các động từ

3.1.1. want - wants

3.1.2. eat - eats

3.1.3. drink - drinks

3.2. Thêm es vào các động từ kết thúc bằng ch, sh, x, s

3.2.1. watch-watches

3.2.2. miss-misses

3.2.3. wash-washes

3.2.4. fix-fixes

3.2.5. .......

3.3. Bỏ y và thêm ies vào sau các động từ kết thúc bởi một phụ âm + y

3.3.1. study-studies

3.4. Động từ bất quy tắc

3.4.1. Go-goes; do-does; have-has

4. PHÁT ÂM PHỤ ÂM CUỐI s/es

4.1. /s/

4.1.1. Khi từ có tận cùng là các phụ âm /f/, /t/, /k/, /p/ , /ð/

4.2. /iz/

4.2.1. Khi từ có tận cùng là các âm /s/, /z/, /∫/, /t∫/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/ (thường có tận cùng là các chữ cái ce, x, z, sh, ch, s, ge)

4.3. /z/

4.3.1. Khi từ có tận cùng là nguyên âm và các phụ âm còn lại

5. DẤU HIỆU

5.1. Always (luôn luôn) Usually (thường xuyên) Often (thường xuyên) Frequently (thường xuyên) sometimes (thỉnh thoảng) seldom (hiếm khi) rarely (hiếm khi) hardly (hiếm khi) never (không bao giờ) generally (nhìn chung) regularly (thường xuyên).

5.2. Every day, every week, every month, every year,……. (Mỗi ngày, mỗi tuần, mỗi tháng, mỗi năm)

5.3. Once/ twice/ three times/ four times….. a day/ week/ month/ year,……. (một lần / hai lần/ ba lần/ bốn lần ……..một ngày/ tuần/ tháng/ năm)

6. BÀI TẬP

6.1. 1. I………. like tea. DON'T 2. He ………. play football in the afternoon. DOESN'T 3. You ………. go to bed at midnight. DON'T 4. They……….do homework on weekends. DON'T 5. The bus ……….arrive at 8.30 a.m. DOESN'T 6. My brother ……….finish work at 8 p.m. DOESN'T 7. Our friends ………. live in a big house. DON'T 8. The cat ………. like me. DOESN'T

6.2. 1. I catch/catches robbers. My dad is a driver. /catch/ 2. He always wear/wears a white coat. /wears/ 3. They never drink/drinks beer. /drink/ 4. Lucy go/goes window shopping seven times a month. /goes/ 5. She have/has a pen. /has/ 6. Mary and Marcus cut/cuts people’s hair. /cut/ 7. Mark usually watch/watches TV before going to bed. Maria is a teacher. /watches/ 8. She teach/teaches students. /teaches/

6.3. She (not study) ………. on Saturday. /doesn't study/ He (have) ………. a new haircut today. /has/ I usually (have) ……….breakfast at 6.30. /have/ Peter (not/ study)……….very hard. /doesn't study/ He never gets high scores. My mother often (teach)……….me English on Saturday evenings. /teaches/ I like Math and she (like)……….Literature. /likes/ My sister (wash)……….dishes every day. /washes/ They (not/ have)……….breakfast every morning. /don't have/

6.4. My brothers (sleep) on the floor. (often) => My brothers often sleep on the floor. He (stay) up late? (sometimes) => Does he sometimes stay up late? => Does he stay up late sometimes? I (do) the housework with my brother. (always) =>I always do the housework with my brother. Peter and Mary (come) to class on time. (never) => Peter and Mary never come to class on time. Why Johnson (get) good marks? (always) => Why does Johnson always get good marks? You (go) shopping? (usually) => Do you usually go shopping? She (cry). (seldom) => She seldom cries. My father (have) popcorn. (never) => My father never has popcorn.

6.5. Eg: They / wear suits to work? =>Do they wear suits to work? 1. She / not / sleep late at the weekends => She doesn't sleep late at the weekends. 2. we / not / believe the Prime Minister => We don't believe the Prime Minister. 3. you / understand the question? => Do you understand the question? 4. they / not / work late on Fridays => They don't work late on Fridays 5. David / want some coffee? => Does David want some coffee? 6. she / have three daughters => She has three daughters. 7. when / she / go to her Chinese class? => When does she go to her Chinese class? 8. why / I / have to clean up? => Why do I have to clean up?

6.6. My cousin, Peter (have) /has/ a dog. It /is/ an intelligent pet with a short tail and big black eyes. Its name (be) /is/ Kiki and it (like) /likes/ eating pork. However, it (never/ bite) /never bites/ anyone; sometimes it (bark) /barks/ when strange guests visit. To be honest, it (be) /is/ very friendly. It (not/ like) /doesn't like/ eating fruits, but it (often/ plays) /often play/ with them. When the weather (become) /becomes/ bad, it (just/ sleep) /just sleeps/ in his cage all day. Peter (play) /plays/ with Kiki every day after school. There (be) /are/ many people on the road, so Peter (not/ let) /doesn't let/ the dog run into the road. He (often/ take) /often takes/ Kiki to a large field to enjoy the peace there. Kiki (sometimes/ be) /is sometimes/ naughty, but Peter loves it very much.