HGD - 1:00 - BRAIN, BODY, HEALTH

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
HGD - 1:00 - BRAIN, BODY, HEALTH by Mind Map: HGD - 1:00 - BRAIN, BODY, HEALTH

1. INFANT

1.1. BRAIN

1.1.1. neuro plasticity

1.1.1.1. can grow & change draastically

1.1.1.2. responds to experiences and develops rapidly

1.1.2. rapid growth in sensory/reflex capabilities

1.1.3. vulnerable to injury

1.1.4. there are *critical* and *sensitive* periods

1.2. BODY

1.2.1. start to grow quickly - about an oz /day and 1"/month

1.2.1.1. by 2 yrs @ about 28 lbs

1.2.2. reflexes get stronger

1.2.3. nervous system starts to develop - the brain figures out what should do

1.3. HEALTH

1.3.1. both genetics & environment

1.3.1.1. genetics

1.3.1.1.1. taratogens - prenatal impacts

1.3.1.2. environment

1.3.1.2.1. sleep

1.3.1.2.2. nutrition

2. CHILD

2.1. BRAIN

2.1.1. lateralization

2.1.1.1. organizing brain functions

2.1.1.2. begins to organize "functions" of hemispheres

2.1.1.2.1. corpus colussum

2.1.1.2.2. left side = logic

2.1.1.2.3. right = creativity

2.2. BODY

2.2.1. start to master manipulation of the environment - changes and improves with time and growth

2.2.1.1. can clap

2.2.1.1.1. jump

2.2.1.2. accuracy in throwing increases around 7

2.2.1.3. gross motor muscles

2.2.1.3.1. running, jumping

2.2.1.3.2. bigger muscles

2.2.1.4. fine motor muscles

2.2.1.4.1. littler muscles

2.3. HEALTH

2.3.1. nutrition

2.3.1.1. overweight

2.3.1.2. underweight

2.3.1.3. diet changes - can prefer "junk food"

2.3.2. BMI

2.3.2.1. start being compared to others on national scale

2.3.3. physical activity

2.3.4. accident = leading cause of death

2.3.4.1. DRAMA

3. ADOLESCENT

3.1. BRAIN

3.1.1. gray matter changes & white matter changes

3.1.2. synapsis increase

3.2. BODY

3.2.1. growth spurt

3.2.1.1. includes hormones

3.2.2. girls @ 12 adult @ 16 height

3.2.3. boys @ 13 adult @ 18-20 height

3.2.4. sexual maturation

3.2.4.1. andrenarche

3.2.4.1.1. 2ndary sex characteristics - pubic hair

3.2.4.1.2. hormone production and sexual fantasies

3.2.4.2. spermarche

3.2.4.2.1. boys - 1st sign of puberty

3.2.4.2.2. 1st "wet dream"

3.2.4.3. menarche

3.2.4.3.1. girls - 1st sign of puberty

3.2.4.3.2. menstral cycle

3.2.4.4. early bloomers

3.2.4.4.1. girls

3.2.4.4.2. boys

3.2.4.5. late blomers

3.2.4.5.1. boys

3.2.4.5.2. girls

3.2.4.6. its based on the adolescent's perception as to whether the maturity is early or late compared to peers

3.3. HEALTH

3.3.1. reaching peak of physical fitness

3.3.2. girls

3.3.2.1. less active

3.3.3. boys

3.3.3.1. more active

3.3.4. SLEEP

3.3.4.1. puberty effects sleep cycles

3.3.4.2. can lead to decreased motivation & depression

3.3.5. obese

3.3.5.1. # increasing

3.3.5.2. metabolic syndrome (brain)

3.3.5.3. diabetes

3.3.5.4. eating disorders

3.3.5.4.1. anorexia nervosa

3.3.5.4.2. bulimia nervosa

3.3.5.4.3. overeater - binge

3.3.5.4.4. eating addiction disorder

3.3.5.5. consume more junk food

3.4. 2 stages of adolescence

3.4.1. 10-18 yrs - pubertal ages of change

3.4.2. 10/12 yrs to 23/25 yrs due to brain changes

4. ADULT

4.1. BRAIN

4.1.1. development is NEVER truly complete

4.1.2. neurogenesis

4.2. BODY

4.2.1. reproductive system change

4.2.1.1. women

4.2.1.1.1. menstral regulation

4.2.1.1.2. PMS

4.2.1.1.3. PDD - can lead psychosis

4.2.1.1.4. menopause

4.2.1.2. male

4.2.1.2.1. andropause

4.3. HEALTH

4.3.1. 40-50 yrs = skin change

4.3.1.1. dry, wrinkle, loose

4.3.2. changes in hair

4.3.2.1. gray

4.3.2.1.1. thinner

4.3.3. chronic diseases / disorders more common

4.3.3.1. osteoperosis

4.3.3.2. arthritis

4.4. multiples stages of adulthood

4.4.1. emerging adult

4.4.2. early/middle adulthood

4.4.3. late adulthood

4.4.3.1. starts @ 65 yrs

4.4.3.1.1. young old 65-75

4.4.3.2. old 75 - to 85

4.4.3.3. oldest old 85 +