Origins and History of Social Work

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Origins and History of Social Work by Mind Map: Origins and History of Social Work

1. Final stage of formation

1.1. One of the key factors that led to the emergence of social work as a branch of knowledge in Russia is the decree of the state labor Committee of the USSR of 1991. It stated that the society needed to introduce a completely new professional qualification in educational institutions for various forms of training – the qualification "social worker". At the same time, quite active research begins on the history of social work, as well as on its theory, functions, goals and objectives, as well as the areas in which it is carried out in the first place.

2. Founders in the world

2.1. M. Richmond

2.2. A. Solomon

2.3. B. Reynolds

3. Fonders in Russia

3.1. Basov Nikolay

3.2. Belicheva Svetlana

3.3. Galiguzova Mineur

4. The making of development in the world

4.1. Among the founders of social work is Mary Richmond (1853-1949, United States of America). To a greater extent, she devoted herself and her life to the welfare and well-being of children and women. She was the founder or co-founder of a number of women's groups in which she played a leading role. These include the Mothers ' League, the new Zealand society for the protection of women and children, and the so-called women's social movement. However, she cannot be called a feminist, because Mary Richmond did not seek equal rights for women, but at the same time she defended their right to have a decent standard of living, helped those who were desperate and found themselves in a difficult life situation.

4.2. The principles of the Elberfeld system have had an important impact on the formation of modern social work and its technologies. Most of all, they spread to Germany and France, but later this experience was picked up by many other foreign countries. These principles are based, first, on independent decision-making by each Trustee, choosing their own strategy and technology that will most effectively meet the needs of the needy categories of the population. Secondly, a detailed survey of the person in need, their material, social status, income level, mental and physical condition in order to individualize assistance. Third, involve all segments of the population in working with the poor. It is very important to show everyone that those in need are the same as they are, and have the same rights and freedoms.

5. Key stages in the development of public work

5.1. From 996 to the 14th century – the archaic period, where the forms of community and tribal methods of social assistance mainly rule

5.2. From the 14th century to the 17th century – the period of monastic and Church charity, and in the 14th and 15th centuries also princely charity for the needy

5.3. From 1701 to 1775 – the period of state charity;

5.4. From 1775 to 1801 – the period of public and private charity

5.5. From 1801 to 1818 – also the period of state charity, but with a large share of private intervention, which then marks the transition to a new the 20th century era. This period is also characterized by a sharp increase in the number of institutions that are ready not only to help those in need, but also to host them.