How young children learn English as another language

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How young children learn English as another language by Mind Map: How young children learn English as another language

1. reading

1.1. is necessary that the children know 26 alphabet letter names ,pronunciation and 44 sounds in standard english.

1.2. they want to read in English

1.2.1. children improve reading

1.2.1.1. audio books

1.3. they learn pronunciation , vocabulary, grammar if they can read well.

1.3.1. many children practice by themselves.

2. They are self-motivated to pick up language.

2.1. Abilities

2.1.1. imiate pronunciation

2.1.2. work out the rules for themselves

2.1.3. associate things

2.1.4. they use the imagination

2.2. conscious learning

2.3. natural language acquirers

3. advantages of beginning early

3.1. use their individual language

3.1.1. vocabulary

3.1.1.1. about things that they love

3.2. innate language -learning

3.2.1. Their home language

3.3. strategies to pick up English

3.3.1. play , listen, read, watch T.V

3.3.2. songs, games,disney programs , books,stories,ect...

3.3.3. play-like activities with an adult

3.3.3.1. They understand and associate the activity

3.4. opportunities

3.4.1. pick up a second language

3.4.1.1. picking up third, fourth ,or even more languages

4. stages in picking up English

4.1. SILENT PERIOD

4.1.1. home language

4.1.2. listen and communicate

4.1.2.1. through facial expressions or gestures

4.1.3. communication and understanding

4.1.3.1. important before they speak any English words

4.1.4. Their parents should not force them

4.1.4.1. dialogues should be one-sided

4.1.4.2. practice at home

4.1.4.3. learn house vocabulary (toys,kitchen objects, colors, etc...)

4.2. building up English language

4.2.1. do sentences with the vocabulary that they learned

4.2.2. memorised language with tehir own experiences

4.2.2.1. they can create sentences

4.3. beginning to talk

4.3.1. frequency of English sessions

4.3.2. memorize

4.3.3. imitating the pronunciation

4.3.4. they associate everything they hear with their experiences

4.3.4.1. practice and practice

5. understanding

5.1. they don´t understand everything

5.1.1. they understand a few important words

5.1.2. they can improvise and associate with their experiences

5.2. understanding is very important

5.3. to speak, think, create, answer , etc.

6. frustation

6.1. they want to speak very well

6.2. lack of

6.2.1. pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary , knowledge and fluency.

6.3. boys , become frustated by their inability to exprress thir thoughts .

7. Mistakes

7.1. any correction demotivates them

7.2. is a part of process of learning

7.3. should not say them that they have made a mistake

7.3.1. they will self-correct

7.3.1.1. listening and practicing

8. gender diffrences

8.1. boy's brains develop different from girl's

8.2. the boys should learn with the girls but not be compared

8.3. all children have different learning style

9. parental support

9.1. they need continual encouragement as well as praise for good performance

9.2. parents should motivate and help their children

9.2.1. motivation

9.3. parents should have a follow-up on their children

9.4. to improve the language of their son.

9.4.1. try to speak,to write , listen to music at home in English and many things

10. language -learning environments

10.1. use activities where the children have already had a relationship or experience.

10.2. utilize different pedagogical, amazing,fun tools to motivate learning

10.2.1. always the activities should be backed up by specific objects that they love and like .

10.2.1.1. songs,games,puppets,stories,study with the other classmates.